23 things you need to do in the past year.
1. Make a stock of 100-watt bulbs
From 1 January 2011 this useful household items, in accordance with the law "On energy saving and energy efficiency improvements and on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation" will completely disappear from the shelves not only throughout Russia, but will be removed from production. And the progress will not stop. Very soon, you will not find any familiar incandescent lamps. Since January 1, will extend the ban on the sale of 75-watt bulbs, and on 1 January 2014 it will also affect the power of light bulbs 25 watts.
2. donned the veil and take a stroll through Paris
On January 1, 2011 in Paris, as well as throughout France, will not be allowed to appear in public in the traditional Muslim women's clothing, which completely hides the face and figure. Outlaw declared the burqa, the chador and the niqab. The ban does not apply to the hijab, a scarf as this only hides the hair, and his face is still open.
During an appearance in a public place in such an outfit will have to pay £ 150. If a man makes a woman to appear in public in these clothes, then he will have to pay a fine in the? 30 000.
September 14, the French Senate voted with rare unanimity of the relevant law. "For" were made by 246 senators, but "against" only 1. But October 8, 2010 a law was approved and the Constitutional Court of France.
The ban on wearing Muslim in public places clothing that covers the face, applies not only to French nationals, but also all visitors.
3. To arrange a fishing trip in Israel and in the Aleutian Islands
A total ban on fishing in the Sea of Galilee (Lake Kinneret) and in the headwaters of the Jordan, and all its tributaries, shall enter into force on 1 January 2011. The Ministry of Agriculture has warned Israel about it on November 7 at the site. It is forbidden to even sport fishing (ie, when the caught fish released back into the water).
And in the Western Aleutian Islands from the same time it enters into force a ban on fishing for cod and mackerel.
4. spend on your mortgage maternity capital
Paragraph 6.1 of Article 7 of the Federal Law №256-FZ "On additional measures of state support for families with children" on December 29, 2006, according to which allowed to channel funds maternity capital to repay the mortgage loan or loans for housing, immediately after birth (or adoption) of the second and all subsequent children, cease to have effect from 1 January 2011. However, if the contract is for the purchase or construction of housing has been concluded before 31 December 2010, that the direction of the parent capital for these purposes is possible without organic on the child's age.
5. Purchase by Fiat with the usual logo
From 1 January 2011 the largest producer of vehicles in Italy, Fiat updates its logo. The first time the new logo, designed by Italian communication agency Robilant Associati, was presented to the public in mid-November 2010. And that's not all the innovations that await the concern Fiat. From 1 January 2011 the company will be divided into two independent companies, and each of them will have its own logo and its name. One of these companies will be named Fiat SpA, and will be engaged in the production of trucks, agricultural and road-building machinery. In addition, Fiat SpA will continue to produce cars. The background of the company logo will be white, and blue letters on it is written the word Fiat.
Another group of companies will be called Fiat Industrial SpA, and will take over the production of special vehicles and engines for ships. Logo of the company will be blue with golden words of Fiat and Industrial.
6. Pay for electricity
According to the decision of the Moscow government №1112-PP, from 1 January 2011 all taxpayers will have to pay a fee for receiving payments for services of electricity. In doing so, the bank rates of the cost of electricity are excluded, and the inhabitants of the Moscow region will pay for them separately. Until now, energy supplier itself paid the bank rate, including in the cost of a kilowatt-hour.
The size of the banking commission has not yet been approved, but it is known that she, too, certainly more expensive electricity. On 1 January 2011 tariffs JSC "Mosenergosbyt" for apartments, equipped with electric stoves, will grow by 9, 9%, and for the apartments equipped with gas-electric stoves 10, 1%, which is 2, 66 rubles per kWh and 3, 80 rubles per kWh, respectively.
7. To spend Estonian kroons and the Netherlands Antillean Guilder
According to the decision of the European Commission Estonia will join the euro zone on January 1, 2011. Thus, the Estonian kroon, through which payments were made in Estonia from 1928 to 1940 and from 1992 to the present, will cease to exist, replaced by the euro - the official currency of the eurozone countries. The official exchange kroons to the euro (at a fixed rate 15, 6466 kroons for? 1) started on 1 December 2010 and will be completed by January 14, 2011.
However, Estonia changed its currency and the Caribbean islands of Bonaire, Saba and St. Eustatius, which are special municipalities of the Netherlands. There refuse to Netherlands Antillean Guilder and transferred to US dollars.
8. Duty-free drive in Rome
According to the decision of the City Council of Rome, starting from 1 January 2011, all the tourists staying in Rome, will have to pay the city treasury a special tourist tax. For tourists who stay in the hotel category of three stars or in the apartment, the tax will be £ 2 per night, and for those who live in hotels 4-5 stars, the tax will be even higher -? 3 per night. The tax would have to pay for each night spent in Rome (but not more than 10 nights) and pay for it when leaving the tourists are from Italy. However, the tax does not apply to those who choose to stay in a hostel, as well as children under the age of two years. The collected funds thus authorities have promised to direct the development and improvement of services for the same tourists.
9. Use the cheap labor of migrant workers
On January 1, 2011 shall come into force new quotas for foreign labor. And for a number of spheres of activity of these quotas does zeroed. Thus, according to the decision of the Russian Government dated 27 November 2010 "On establishment in 2011 allowed proportion of foreign workers employed by business entities engaged in activity in the retail sector and in the field of sport in the Russian Federation," the labor of foreign workers can not be used in the retail trade Alcoholic drinks and beer; retail trade in pharmaceuticals; retail markets, stalls and stores. In the field of sports the number of foreign workers now also should not be greater than 25% with the total number of staff. Until 1 January 2011, all entities must urgently bring the number of foreign workers involved in line with the new rules.
10. drink cheap vodka
From 1 January 2011 cheap vodka will no longer be, as a minimum price on alcoholic beverages, the strength of which is greater than 28 degrees will rise to 98 rubles for 0, 5 liters. A minimum price at which the producer is allowed to sell the vodka will rise to 77, 7 rubles. Wholesalers can not implement vodka for under 85, 5 rubles. These prices are set in accordance with the requirements Rosalkogolregulirovaniya.
11. Take a tour of the Museum "House stationmaster»
"House stationmaster" - is the first Russian museum of the literary hero. It was opened in the village of Expression Gatchina district of the Leningrad region October 15, 1972.
According to "News-Petersburg" Museum was the winner in the international project financing cultural monuments, while receiving 30 million rubles. Now, from January 1, 2011 it closes and stops working capital in connection with the restoration.
12. Prepare a dish of deep-frozen chicken
Chief State Sanitary Doctor of the Russian Federation, Academician Gennady Onishchenko, November 3, 2010 announced that, starting from 1 January 2011, Russia will be a complete ban on the implementation of deep-frozen poultry meat is produced in Russia and imported. Processing of the meat will also be prohibited.
On New Year's shops and markets are allowed to sell only chilled poultry. It is believed that such a measure would significantly improve the quality of meat offered to customers.
14. Buy a used refrigerator in Ghana
From 1 January 2011 cease import of used refrigerators in the West African country of Ghana. Just to be completely stopped their implementation in retail chains. The draft law was published back in 2008. First import ban was scheduled for 9 May 2010, but violent protests sellers refrigerators in Ghana allowed a little push back on this event, and to give sellers the opportunity to realize their goods from the warehouses.
15. Imported used cars in Kazakhstan
From 1 January 2011 Kazakhstan prohibits the import into its territory of vehicles that do not meet environmental standards Euro-3. This limitation on the use of already imported into the country cars which are below environmental class Euro-3 is not planned.
In the EU, this standard was introduced in 1999, it has appeared in the 2005 Euro-4 standard, since 2009 began to operate the standard Euro-5, and by 2015 will be developed with Euro-6.
The transition to Euro-4 standard in Kazakhstan is expected by January 1, 2014.
16. Conduct Beak trimming of poultry on British poultry farms and farms
To the birds in poultry farms do not injure each other, do not peck eggs scattered and less food, they tend to spend weeks of age Beak trimming - removal of the tip of the beak. For this purpose, a special termonozh - debiker. But the trouble is that the tip of the bird's beak is extremely sensitive nerve endings in it collected more than the tip of a human finger. Therefore, the operation for beak trimming of birds is extremely painful. In order to reduce morbidity beak trimming improved debikery were created using laser and infrared technology, but all the same level of pain remains very high.
Therefore, starting from January 1, 2011 the Ministry of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs in England (DEFRA) requires all industrial poultry breeders in England to abandon the use of conventional termonozhey for beak trimming. And from 1 January 2016 will complete ban on beak trimming.
17. Buy a plastic bag in Italy and Malaysia
From 1 January 2011 in Italy will be banned the production and use of plastic bags. Environment Minister Stefania Prestigiacomo Italy announced this decision more December 4, 2010. This is done in order to reduce the unwanted burden on the environment. Only in Italy every year thrown almost 20 billion plastic bags. Now the bags in Italy will use cotton, linen and hemp bags.
A similar ban on plastic bags introduced in Penang - Malaysia's most populous state.
18. To travel in the early morning of Tel Aviv on the truck
From 1 January 2011, prohibits passage of trucks through the Tel Aviv during the morning hours. The ban is valid from 6 to 9 am.
As the Israeli Transport Minister Yisrael Katz, this restriction will help reduce traffic jams in the city of the morning, as well as improve the urban environment. In Jerusalem, the ban is already in force and shows good efficiency. However, in the same Jerusalem, unlike Tel Aviv, drivers have the opportunity to take advantage of numerous detours.
19. Write SMS-messages, not looking up from the helm, Kentucky
From 1 January 2001 the traffic police will fine Kentucky those motorists who, while driving a moving vehicle, is busy writing SMS. If a driver violates the ban for the first time, he will have to pay $ 25, all subsequent violations have cost him 50 $.
The law prohibits writing SMS while driving, came into force July 15, 2010, but so far police have only limited verbal warning. The right to fine violators of the police emerge with the onset of the new year. An exception to the general ban is only for emergency assistance and for reporting wrongdoing.
20. Ride in a car with flashing lights, not respecting the ethical
From 1 January 2011 to drive a car equipped spetssignalami and flashing light, the driver must first be trained in a special program that the Ministry of Education has approved. This new curriculum includes general training sessions to provide first aid, safety theory and a new subject "Ethics of driving with spetssignalami." To be trained in the new program, drivers will have to spend about six weeks.
21. booze, flying over Scotland
From 1 January 2011 on the aircraft carrier Flybe, which mainly caters to Scotland and its main island, passengers will no longer offer free not only alcohol, but also refreshments. Moreover, this increases the cost of airline tickets on its flights.
22. make enormous profits at the expense of Belarusians
From 1 January 2011 the Russian export duties on oil for Belarus will be canceled. The Russian budget will not be counted almost $ 2 billion a year.
The procedure for payment of customs duties on petroleum products was discussed by the Presidents of Russia and Belarus, December 9, 2010. As a compensation Belarus Russia will return the full amount of fees that it receives for export of petroleum products.
23. Adopt a Vietnamese child
From 1 January 2011 Vietnam greatly complicates the rules for the adoption of children by foreigners
News site about the business Forbes.ru, Mikhail Kazinik