These cities are a very ugly side of human activity on this planet
In Bangladesh, in addition to the factory, which is practically sew all our clothes, there are several hundred specialized tanneries. About 90% of production is located in the town of Hazaribagh.
For the treatment of skin they used a solution of hexavalent chromium. Daily local river merges 22 thousand. Liters of the substance: it is very dangerous and can cause cancer. In addition, the local leather industry every day burn mountains of scraps and wastes, which also adds ecological city.
Norilsk - one of the largest centers of ferrous metallurgy. And the dirty. Every year he throws into the air 500 tonnes of copper, nickel oxide, and 2 million tons of sulfur dioxide. Even if you do not know what sulfur dioxide is intuitively clear that the air it should not be.
Catastrophic pollution of soil and water, the extinction of vegetation lead to dire consequences: people in Norilsk live on average ten years less than the inhabitants of other regions of Russia.
We are actively using electronic devices, but ever wondered where to send the broken and outdated TV, mobile phone or microwave oven. And they are to the nearest garbage can easily move to Africa, and more specifically, to Accra, capital of Ghana. There is a subdistrict, which is one of the largest landfills in the world of e-waste.
Ghana annually imports 215 thousand. Tonnes of e-waste from abroad, mainly from Western Europe, while maintaining their own and - 129 thous. Tons per year. Part of the waste is processed at local factories to restore electrical equipment. But much of the garbage (which is mostly plastic and metals harmful to the body) is burned.
Last year, Chinese media have given themselves the capital of China the second largest air pollution (the first in this sad ranking - Lianzhou city), although the local Greenpeace put Beijing only 13th place. But what would be the position of the city or indulge in various ratings polluted cities, this beautiful ancient capital they include all the same.
However, as far as Beijing is wonderful to see more and more difficult: blurred yellow suffocating smog is an integral part of the local landscape. Blue sky and bright sun are rare and a real holiday.
Kabwe, the second largest city in Zambia, is 150 km from the capital of the African country of Lusaka. In the early twentieth century there were discovered deposits of lead. This happy for the region's economic circumstance led mining companies here, who for 90 years worked without a break and lead dust pollute the air, land, water for many kilometers around. As a result of lead in the blood of local residents ten times more than the global average.
Cairo is considered one of the toughest cities in the world in terms of air pollution. Egyptian slums, or the city of scavengers - so-called poor quarter zaballinov on the outskirts of Cairo, at the foot of Mukattam. Zaballiny manually collected, sorted, prepared for use and recycling.
On the first floor two-storey brick houses with unfinished roofs are great facilities for sorting and packaging waste; the upper floors are residential. All the streets, stairways and even roofs of houses are littered with debris. Everywhere the stench. Part of debris such as plastic waste is burned openly. Sorting is mainly done by women and children, men specialize in exporting.
Right there and then selling fruit, baked cakes, keep shops and cafes to smoke shisha, have children ... Children playing in the midst of garbage heaps. In general, the Copts live a normal life from generation to generation, while the East Cairo declared a zone of ecological disaster.
New Delhi, India
The capital of India New Delhi, ranked 9th in the list of most polluted cities in India and 53 th place in the world list. It is understandable. The number of cars, for example, in New Delhi more than in other big cities of the country - more than 8, 1 million.
A significant part of sewage discharged into the river Yamuna untreated. Slum dwellers burn trash outdoors. About 50% of the population live in unsanitary conditions. According to a Harvard study, two out of five deliytsev suffer from respiratory diseases.
In addition to New Delhi in the top three most polluted Indian cities - industrially developed Lucknow (first place, pollution index - 111, 49), Mumbai, the economic and business center of the country (second place with an index of contamination 96, 43) and Calcutta - the city that famous not only for its fish, sweets, art and culture (third place, pollution index - 94, 20). Dirt, in a sense, too, adds to the city is known - adjusted for the image.
After the Chernobyl accident in 1986 in the disaster area was about 150 thousand sq. M. km. To this day, the exclusion zone around the plant remains virtually exploded uninhabited and Chernobyl long ago turned into a ghost town.
According to the researchers, the effects of the accident continue to affect the lives of millions of people at risk and vulnerable to disease from 5 million to 10 million people in Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus and Russia.
Karabash, Russia (I was there!)
Karabash (Chelyabinsk region), famous for its copper smelters and severe environmental conditions. In 1996, the city, which is now home to about 15 thousand. Man and the surrounding area have been declared a zone of ecological disaster. From the list of most polluted cities in the world Karabash was expelled in 2009 alone.
By the time they began an active modernization of the plant and, in particular, water treatment plants, is still ongoing, the vegetation in the city nearly became extinct, and the scenery began to resemble Martian surroundings: scorched earth, tons of slag, cracks and craters in the ground, the orange soil, acid rain. Sak-Elga river turned into a yellowish muddy stream.
Karabash Copper mine started at the beginning of the XX century. Copper production - one of the most hazardous in the world, the air enters the derivatives of lead, sulfur, arsenic, and copper itself.
La Oroya, Peru
The mining town of La Oroya, located in the foothills of the Andes, called the Peruvian Chernobyl. He was in the top 10 most polluted cities in the world in 2007. At the beginning of XX century, Americans built a mine and plant for the extraction and processing of lead, zinc and copper. In the city of 35 thousand. Residents, most of whom are suffering from serious illnesses.
The level of lead in the blood of 99% of local children is three times the maximum permissible parameters. The infant mortality rate is among the highest in the world. The vegetation around the town disappeared, the land burned, and local residents have long been accustomed to acid rain.