Folk Art - this is what makes our culture rich and unique. Painted items, toys and articles of fabric take away with them foreign tourists in the memory of our country.
Almost every corner of Russia has its own kind of needlework, and in this article I put together the brightest and most famous of them.
Dymkovo toy - a symbol of the Kirov region, underlining its rich and ancient history. It is molded from clay, then dries and baked in the oven. Thereafter, it was painted by hand, each time creating a unique copy. Two identical toys can not be.
In the early 19th century in one of the suburban villages of the former Trinity Parish (now - Chekhov district) Vishnjakova brothers lived, and they were engaged painted lacquered metal trays, sugar bowls, trays, boxes made of papier-mache, cigarette cases, caddy, albums and other things. Since then art painting in the style began to gain Zhostov populyarnot and attract attention at numerous exhibitions in our country and abroad.
Khokhloma - one of the most beautiful Russian craft that originated in the 17th century near Nizhny Novgorod. This is a decorative painting furniture and wooden utensils that love not only lovers of Russian antiquity, but also residents of foreign countries.
Intricately interwoven patterns of herbal bright scarlet berries and golden leaves on a black background, you can enjoy forever. Therefore, even traditional wooden spoon, presented on the most minor cases, leave at the most to get them good and long memory of the giver.
Gorodetskaya painting has existed since the mid-19th century. Bright, concise patterns reflect genre scenes, figures of horses, roosters, and floral designs. The painting is done with free strokes of white and black graphic stroke, adorns the distaff, furniture, shutters, doors.
Known deposits of malachite - the Urals, Africa, South Australia and the US, but the color and beauty of the patterns malachite foreign countries can not be compared with the Urals. Therefore, malachite from the Urals is considered the most valuable in the world market.
Products manufactured at the crystal factory town Goose-crystal can be found in museums around the world. Traditional Russian souvenirs, household items, dishes for the holiday table, fine jewelry, jewelry boxes, figurines handmade reflect the beauty of mother nature, its customs and native Russian values. Especially popular are the products of colored crystal.
Krulolitsaya plump and cheerful girl in a headscarf and Russian national dress won the hearts of fans of folk toys and beautiful gift items worldwide.
Now matryoshka - not just folk toy, the keeper of Russian culture is a souvenir for tourists on the apron which subtly drawn game scenes, landscapes and scenes tales landmarks. Matryoshka become precious collectibles object, which may be worth several hundred dollars.
Vintage brooches, bracelets, pendants, promptly "included" in the modern fashion - is not nothing but a decoration made by the technique of enamel. This kind of applied art originated in the 17th century in the Vologda region.
Masters portrayed on white enamel flower ornaments, birds, animals using a variety of colors. Then multicolored enamel art began to lose his self-colored enamel began to oust: white, blue and green. Now successfully combines both styles.
In his spare time worker Tula Arms Plant Fedor Lisitsyn loved tinkering something of copper, and once made a samovar. Then his sons opened a samovar institution that sold copper products, which enjoyed huge success.
Samovar Lisitsyn famous variety of shapes and finishes: barrels, vases with engraving, samovars ovoid, with cranes in the form of a dolphin, with looping handles, painted.
Palekh miniature - a special, delicate, poetic vision of the world, which is characteristic of Russian folk legends and songs. In the painting used brownish-orange and blue-green tones.
Palekh painting has no analogues in the world. It is performed on a papier-mache and then transferred to the surface of boxes of all shapes and sizes.
Gzhel bush area of 27 villages located near Moscow, famous for its clay, the production of which is carried out here since the mid 17th century. In the 19th century Gzhel masters began to produce polufayans, faience and porcelain. Of particular interest is still present products, painted in one color - blue glaze paint applied with a brush, with a graphic description of the details.
Pavlovsky Posad shawls
Bright and light, feminine Pavloposadskiye scarves are always fashionable and relevant. This folk craft appeared in the late 18th century peasant village enterprise Paul, from which later evolved Shawl Manufactory. It produced woolen shawls with printed pattern, very popular at the time.
Original drawings now supplemented by various elements such as fringe, created in different color schemes and are a wonderful accessory to almost any image.
Vologda lace woven on wooden sticks, bobbins. All images are made of dense, continuous, uniform in width, slowly snaking linen braid. They clearly silhouetted against the patterned lattices decorated with elements in the form of stars and rosettes.
Shemogodskaya carved elm
Shemogodskaya thread - traditional Russian folk art craft carving on birch bark. Ornaments shemogodskih carvers called "birch bark lace" and used in the manufacture of boxes, boxes, tea caddy, cupboards, tues, dishes, plates, cigarette cases.
Symmetric shemogodskoy thread consists of vegetable ornaments, circles, diamonds, ovals. In the drawing can be included images of birds or animals, architectural motifs, and sometimes - even scenes festivities in the garden and tea.
Tula gingerbread - Russian delicacy. Without these sweet and scented products are not held in Russia any event - not gay nor sad. Gingerbread served as the king's table, and the peasant. The traditional form is attached by means of gingerbread planks with carved ornament.
Shawls are knitted from natural goat down and turn out amazingly delicate, beautiful, warm and practical. Openwork shawls-webs are so thin and delicate that they can be threaded through a wedding ring. They are valued by women all over the world and is considered a perfect gift.