10 The prevalence of myths

Myths and misconceptions exist about even the greatest and most famous landmarks in the world. To tell the truth, most likely, you portrayed the school, some of these myths as fact. Below are ten of these myths.
10 pictures and text.
Taken: here

1. The Great Wall is the only structure made by human hand, which can be seen from outer space

Great Wall of China is one of the largest construction projects in history. The fact that it is easy to see the whole of the cosmos, it seems quite likely, in the end, it is the longest wall in the world.

Or do you think so. It turns out that the wall is not visible from space, it was clarified in 2003 by Jan Liwei (Yang Liwei), one of Chinese astronauts and a man who knew exactly where to look. Currently, the Chinese government has promised to remove the myth of each manual for students in the country.

Former NASA astronaut Jeffrey Hoffman (Jeffrey Hoffman) said that, although he was unable to distinguish between the Great Wall from space, he could see the runways, deserted roads and ditches, simply because they contrast with their surroundings.

2. Hoover Dam (Hoover Dam) filled with human bodies

For those of you who are bad at school - Hoover Dam is one of the largest dams in the world. Its construction, which took place between 1931 and 1936, was a mammoth task, and as a result has killed more than 96 people. According to popular belief, many of these workers were buried inside the concrete dam, a place of rest, which they claim to occupy to this day.

Although the fact that at least 96 people died during the construction of the dam, is the truth, none of these people had not been buried in the dam. The dam was constructed from thousands of interlocking concrete blocks. These blocks were increased gradually, one by one, and the likelihood that someone could be buried inside the dam, without the slightest chance of escape, is about zero. Another interesting fact about the construction of this dam is that the first person who died during the construction, was George. Tierney (JG Tierney) - the father of the latest victim in the construction of human Patrick Tierney (Patrick W Tierney), who died exactly 13 years later , on the same day.

3. Stonehenge was built by Druids

If you ask anyone on the street who built Stonehenge is most likely you will answer that it was built druids. In the end - just look at him! It can not be that, when its construction was not carried out any mystical ritual.

Unfortunately, have to disappoint you, this is a complete lie. The relationship between the Druids and Stonehenge was conducted in 1640 by archaeologist John Aubrey (John Aubrey), who used the ancient scientific method called "exhaustion of the finger».

In fact, modern archaeologists believe that Stonehenge was built by anyone, but not the Druids. There are theories on which the construction of Stonehenge was not held to some certain period of time, most likely it was built over hundreds of years. Recent results of radiocarbon analysis showed that the first stones of Stonehenge were erected between 2400 and 2200 BCE At the same time, the latest data on construction in the area, dating back to 1600 BC, that was long before the druids have settled in the region.

4. Galileo dropped cannonballs from the Leaning Tower of Pisa

Galilei was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher who spent dozens of experiments. The most famous of his experiments was, of course, the one where he dropped two cannon balls from the Leaning Tower of Pisa to demonstrate that the two are similar in the form of falling bodies of different weight will fall at the same speed.

However, it is doubtful that it actually happened. Historians believe that the whole story was invented to Galileo seemed kind of God or science that he spent the experiment "mind" as a hypothetical experiment, not related to the fact the real action.

5. Nothing can be higher than the dome of the Capitol

Always strange to hear when someone says that Washington no skyscrapers. In the end, it is the capital of one of the most powerful countries in the world. Well, if you're wondering, this is because the local laws do not allow the height of a building exceeds the height of the dome of the Capitol of the United States, because in this city nothing could be more important than politics.

It's a lie. The real reason why the buildings in Washington are so low, is not in the inferiority complex of politicians about the size of the dome, and that the act of building height in 1910 limits the height of buildings to the width of the street on which they stand, plus 6 meters. Why is that? So it wanted to Thomas Jefferson. He wanted me to Washington was "low and convenient", and his vision became law.

6. The White House was painted white after the British burned his

Legend has it that when the White House was built between 1792 and 1800 years, it was gray, and white, he became much later. In 1814, while the War of 1812 was in full swing, the British troops did something completely out of the ordinary and set fire to the White House. When the fire was extinguished and the building is renovated, the White House was painted white, and has since become known as the White House.

Part of the story is true: the British really burned part of the White House in 1814. However, part of the legend of the white paint - not true. The White House was painted white sixteen years earlier. The White House got its legendary white appearance back in 1798, when he was whitewashed to protect from the winter weather. Even more compelling evidence is that in 1811 he was already known as the White House in the UK for many years before the fire.

7. Big Ben - the name of the clock tower

England: the birthplace of the Queen and rain. You will also find there is Big Ben, the huge clock tower that towers over the capital. If you've ever watched a movie or TV show filmed in London, you are likely to see Big Ben in one of the first frame.

However, in reality it is not the name of the clock tower. It is a myth repeated by tourists so often that if you repeat it in front of the police, he will have the legal right to shoot you on the spot. "Big Ben" is the name of the bell inside the tower - the tower itself is called "Elizabeth Tower» (Elizabeth Tower).

8. penny dropped from the Empire State Building, is able to kill someone

Do you have an insatiable thirst for murder? Folk wisdom on the Internet says that all you need to do is lure the victim on the snout in front of the Empire State Building (Empire State Building) and lose a penny on it from the top floor. By the time the penny will fly to the victim, it will reach a speed at which it will be able to kill a person instantly. Wait a minute, and whom police arrested for it? Isaac Newton?

Fortunately for New Yorkers, the Internet again wrong. Small and flat shape penny means that, when it will fall, it will undergo a large force of wind resistance. Unless you know the way by which you can suck all the air out of New York and throw a penny in a vacuum, where she quickly pick up the speed limit, or, in other words, the constant speed at which the penny will not be able to accelerate even more. At this speed, the impact of a penny can and will hurt a little, but it is absolutely just can not break through a human skull.

9. Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the Queen of England

Maybe you're wondering, how's your old friend of the queen, and you decide to drop her a cup of tea and a bun. You certainly do not have to look for, where she lives, because we all know that is the residence of the Queen at Buckingham Palace, is not it?

Something like that. Of course, HRH can technically and lives in Buckingham Palace, but it is clearly a little embarrassed by this fact, as it continues to be called the Palace of St. James his official residence, and the way it was for British monarchs for over 400 years.

It was built by Henry VIII between 1531 and 1536 years and until 1837 was the residence of the British royal family. When Queen Victoria ascended the throne, she moved to Buckingham Palace, and the trend seems well settled down, though not on paper.

10. Architects of St. Basil were blinded

Located within the Red Square in Moscow, St. Basil's Cathedral includes tall towers and colorful spiral that would not look out of place in a Disney movie.

He was entered in the UNESCO World Heritage geeks, obsessed with the history of UNESCO. The temple was built in the years 1555-1561 on the orders of Ivan the Terrible and, apparently, the architects have done a very good job, because according to legend, Ivan the Terrible blinded them upon completion of construction, so that they would never be able to develop a personal best.

However, in accordance with the account, after a quarter century, and four years since the death of Ivan the Terrible, these architects hired again for the completion of the new premises of the temple. That would be an incredible feat for a blind architects, unless they have not been particularly smyshlёnyh guide dogs. It may, in fact, Ivan the Terrible and was not that awful.



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