How does the fire department (51 photos)

Tour of the firehouse

Let's start with the fact that the whole building looks like a botanical garden. Detachment lucky with the commandant. Thanks to the stairs and rooms are literally surrounded by greenery:

Most of the working day, if there are no calls, firefighters spend in the classroom or in the gym:

Learn the 19 items. From 4 to 6 pm rent regulations. Several times a year pass tests in all disciplines:

One of the standards - is to climb to the fourth floor of the training fire tower (the height of a 4-storey building) with the hook ladder. The ratio (it's C grade!) 26 seconds, and best time to take - note - 10 seconds!

In the basement, in a separate room, a gym and is rocking:

Per day, on average, firefighters go 3-5 times, as recorded in the journal:

Part hanging icon Burning Bush - the patroness of fire:

Prepare yourself for yourself in the kitchen:

After dinner, if you have free time, you can porelaksirovat front of the TV:

Sleep all the conditioned space. This is especially true was during peat fires and smog. Duty hours in 4 days:

As part of a special drying cabinet, which completely dries boevka (jacket fire) in 15 minutes!

During the Moscow smog wrote about fire hoses and about what types they are. Many types, but there are two common diameter - "A" - 77 mm. and "B" - 51 mm. Distinguish from type A type B was quite simple: A hole sleeves fit 3 fingers and a sleeve B of 2:

Despite the fact that the long-tower is no longer used by firefighters to oversee the city, it is still being built in every fire department - it dried fire hoses. Hang them on the grill and lift up with a special mechanism:

This office operational duty around fire rescue center. They supervise the work of teams and travel to all major incidents, if necessary, to guide the work of their departments:

On a board marked operational duty machines of all Fire and Rescue Squad, and he sees where they are at any given time:

In general, in Moscow more than a hundred fire departments. All of them are marked on this map:

Call the fire takes NCC - Force Control Center, and then forwards it to the nearest fire station, where it takes Manager:

During a call, for all speed down from the second floor on special poles. As explained to me, the main thing - do not cross legs, and then you can easily break them:

Worn clothing and already at the bottom very quickly. Boots are ready with pants:

A boevka put over his head. Already on the run or in the car wearing a helmet and belt with an ax. By the way, the average time rescuers Directions in Moscow - 7, 5 minutes:

Rescuers are two types of breathing apparatus - "vents" and "kislorodniki." First Drager PSS-90 - open-circuit. Breathing air taken from the cylinder. Such a device is lightweight, but is designed to work for a short time (about an hour):

The air supply is controlled by a computer:

Exhaled air into the center hole, and he served on the perimeter at a slight pressure, blowing glass mask and preventing it fogged:

"Kislorodnik» Drager BG-4 - the device closed loop. It exhaled air passes through a special filter, then a little saturated with pure oxygen from a small tank and returns to you. BG-4 allows you to breathe normally for up to 4 hours:

The air here is not served by the glass, and the mask can fog up. To combat this, there is an indoor janitor with manual transmission:

In each lifeguard outfit PSO-202 Portable Kit includes necessarily self-salvation Savior, popularly referred to as "samosёb." It's thin, but sturdy 20-meter rope on which the rescuer can descend from the window, if the flame cut it from the exit:

At my request, emergency vehicle (ASA) was kicked out and told what he is equipped with:

On the right are 3 sets of respiratory system PSS BG 4 (each rescuer - your machine), in the blue box is a tool for opening the entrance door, in the orange box - control panels pneumatic jack high pressure. The yellow cover - pneumatic cushion of low pressure. Next to them in depth - a suitcase with an electric punch.

In a metal box are different pitches, and a little higher - traffic cones:

Lungs breathing apparatus PSS-90 mounted on the rear rail to travel:

Nearby, on the same rails, leaves the unit with a hydraulic tool:

In the orange bag is suit for the rescue of victims in cold water. Something like a wetsuit, but insulated:

"Threaded end" - a glowing wire, helping to move in heavy smoke.

Shoe for fixing emergency vehicle that rescuers affectionately called "Beeline»:

Side of the machine travels on rails generator supplying power or any portable mast lighting:

By the way, is often used for lighting and megafonar, whose light is visible even on a sunny day, and it works for five to seven hours:

Set to break the windshield:

Electric universal scissors unclamping.

One of the main tools lifeguard - Power cutters:

"Gidroklin" - set for the opening of doors.

Linemet shoots the rope at a distance of 150 meters. Used for saving drowning:

Imager allows you to locate and pockets of fire in extremely smoky room:

P.S. Many incorrectly called firefighters firefighters. Firefighters - a fire victims, that is, people who have something burned, and fire - it rescuers who extinguish the fire. Do not confuse!



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