The advent of photography itself has changed the world. Any event can now leave their mark on history. Here is the story of the 13 shots that changed our mind and to some extent changed the view of reality.
1. Photo, raise photographers
«Omaha Beach, Normandy, France," Robert Capa 1944
Military photojournalist Robert Capa said that if your photos are bad, it means that you were not close enough to the scene. And he knew what he was talking about. His most famous pictures were taken the morning of June 6, 1944, when, together with the first detachment of infantry, he went to the bank on the day of the Normandy D-Day landings.
Came under fire, Capa was forced to dive under the water with the camera, to avoid the bullets. He barely escaped. Of the four films have taken a picture the day the terrible battle, survived only 11 shots - the others were hopelessly spoiled by the elderly as a laboratory, which is in a hurry lit almost all the material (as it turned out, he tried to have time to show the film before putting into print the latest issue of the journal Life).
Ironically, it is this error in the development of film and gave a few extant photographs of the famous "surreal" appearance (Life magazine in comments to photos incorrectly assumed that they were "a little out of focus"). Fifty years later the director Steven Spielberg on the set of the Normandy landings scene from the movie "Saving Private Ryan" has tried to recreate the effect of the photos of Robert Capa, removing lens cameras protective film for the effect of "blurring».
2. The photo, which showed the face of the Great Depression.
"Mother of immigrants," Dorothea Lange 1936
Thanks to the legendary photographer Dorothea Lange, for many years Florence Owen Thompson was literally the personification of the Great Depression. Lange took the picture during a visit to Camp vegetable pickers in California in February 1936, wanting to show the world the fortitude and resilience proud nation in difficult times.
The life story of Dorothy was the same attraction as her portrait. At the age of 32, she was already the mother of seven children and a widow (her husband died of tuberculosis). Once virtually penniless in a labor camp for displaced people, her family ate meat birds that managed to shoot children and vegetables from the farm - as lived and the remaining 2 500 workers camp.
Publication of photos bombshell. History Thompson appeared on the covers of the most respected publications, triggered an immediate response from the public. The administration for displaced persons immediately sent to the camp food and other essentials. Unfortunately, the Thompson family by this time had already left their homes, and the bounty of the government did not get anything. It should be noted that while the name of the woman depicted in the photograph, no one knew. Only forty years after the publication of this picture, in 1976 Thompson "opened" itself, giving an interview to a national newspaper.
3. Photo, admitted that the war in every home
"Soldiers of the federal troops who fell on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania," Brady Myuttyu 1863
One of the first war photographers Matthew Brady was known as the creator of daguerreotypes Abraham Lincoln and Robert E. Lee. Brady had everything: career, money, their own business. And all this (as well as his own life), he decided to take the risk, following the army of northerners with a camera in hand. Narrowly escaped capture in the very first battle in which he was involved, several Brady lost his patriotic fervor and began sending assistants to the front. In just a few years of war, Brady and his team have done a 7000 shots. That's a pretty impressive figure, especially if we take into account that in order to make a single shot, required equipment and chemicals, is placed inside a covered wagon that carried several horses. Not very much like the familiar digital "Soap»?
Photos, seemed so relevant on the battlefield, had a very heavy aura. However, it is thanks to them that ordinary Americans for the first time could see the bitter and harsh military reality, not a veiled jingoistic slogans.