This scene is able to conjure up associations with the slave past the southern US states - several dozen prisoners in striped prison uniforms are working on the road under the scorching sun, their feet shackled and face shining with sweat. But the action takes place in contemporary America. To be more precise - in Phoenix, and all the prisoners in question - women.
The concept of «chain gang» means a group of prisoners, in the old days only Negroes who, in addition to the shackles, chained together and do the hard work.
The practice of using such a workforce in the United States is in the past - America officially renounced it in 1955. However, Province Maricopa, Arizona, which includes Phoenix, resumed the practice in 1995, and today operates only in the state of such a group kandalnikov-workers throughout the country. It is noteworthy that belong to this group of women only.
Surprisingly, women are willing to perform such hard work - in order to somehow diversify the monotonous life in prison.
Most women who are part of this group kandalnikov-workers are in prison for minor offenses - driving while intoxicated or under the influence of drugs, breach of parole. It is noteworthy that most of them do not even contain the main building prisons, and in the so-called "tent city" - a camp of military tents, which is located next to the Maricopa County jail «Maricopa County's Estrella Jail». This tent city set up in order to reduce the burden on overcrowded cellblock.
Themselves participating only in the United States group group kandalnikov-workers called "chain the girl." As a rule, they wake up at six o'clock in the morning, and a prison officer takes them to today's work place.
Women prisoners, members of the band kandalnikov-workers, go to the place of work.
Prisoners can work in different places while performing different jobs, different levels of lightness. For example, collect garbage in one of the local parks, leading him to order ...
... Or uproot the weeds along the mountain road in the hot sun ...
... Or even to help bury the poor at the local cemetery.
Women prisoners, members of the band kandalnikov-workers attended the funeral at the cemetery for the poor.
Although summer temperatures in Phoenix often rises to 110 degrees Fahrenheit (about 43 degrees Celsius), all members of the band kandalnikov-workers carry out their duties with the truly amazing eagerness and willingness.
Women during stifle not only leg irons, but also the overall chain.
One of the prisoners, Julia Harper (pictured center), the picture was taken early in the morning in the Maricopa County jail «Maricopa County's Estrella Jail» in Phoenix, Arizona.
During the line, which is held every morning before women will be taken to work, the picture was taken early in the morning in the Maricopa County jail «Maricopa County's Estrella Jail» in Phoenix, Arizona.
Women prisoners Alma Madrigeyl (pictured left) and Jennifer Thomas (pictured right), help Lisa MakKorvi tuck the sleeves before starting work.
Member of the group kandalnikov-workers are going before sending them to the workplace.
Camera female inmates in Maricopa County jail «Maricopa County's Estrella Jail» in Phoenix, Arizona.
Any work only for the participants in the United States group kandalnikov-workers, consisting of only women, not a burden - in fact it means the possibility of at least a few hours not be in prison and at liberty, says Mickey Haas, who is serving a prison Finally, for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of drugs. She echoed her friend Honey Simmons concluded, adding, - will be something to tell family and friends then when find yourself on the loose. Hardly anyone would believe that we really were in a group of workers kandalnikov.