Palaces and castles of England - Leeds (Leeds Castle) (64 pics + 3 videos)

Leeds Castle is located on the 2-lake islands along the River Len (River Len) about 4 miles from Meydstuona in Kent.
This - a medieval fortress, classified as one of the most beautiful castles in the world

Rich in history and events of the castle, which is often to be found in history, and which is closely connected with the history of England. The very name of Leeds Castle was the name of its first owner - Senora Lida. It was he who in 857 was built in this place a small wooden fortress. The first evidence of the castle date back to the end of XI century. Then in England conducted a census of land, population Leeds and other general information about the city. All collected data were entered in the Domesday Book (or as it is called - "Book of Judgment Day», «Domesday Book») - a set of information, the first European medieval census, which was carried out in England in 1085 for 1086 under the leadership of William the Conqueror .

In place of the wooden building in 1119 Robert de Kreveker erects a stone castle. In 1278 the castle was much altered by Edward Longshanks, it was a gift for his wife, Eleanor of Castile. Until 1318 the castle was the property of widowed queens of England. For example, it has long lived Margarita French. Edward II after the death of her stepmother changes Leeds Castle Adderley, located in the county of Shropshire. Then the estate belonged to Lord Bartolomeo Badlsmiru.

Its location meant that supplies and reinforcements in times of war could be delivered on time and smoothly along the river, thus avoiding the threat of famine for the garrison. Leeds was a royal palace that belonged to the crown in 1278 to 1552 years; he frequented in the Middle Ages, kings and queens of England.

The castle consists of four forts, each of which was capable of self-defense. At the entrance, very near to the coast, is the Barbican Gate tower. Stone Bridge, through which you walk to the castle was originally a wooden drawbridge. Gate tower looks like it would have looked in the 13th century, when it served as a room for servants and horses, as well as it is a significant defensive fortification. The central island was surrounded by a stone wall, which reached a height of fifteen feet. Here are the tower and the commandant of a modern palace. To the south of this island are two defensive towers; Maiden Tower (Maiden's Tower) and a water tower.

Medieval citadel, known as the Gloriette in memory of the Queen Elinor (Queen Eleanor), located on the smaller of the 2-islands. Built by King Edward I, it consists of a formed as a D symbol tower, which contained a large hall and living quarters. In addition to its unique architecture, interiors and royal treasures of family, Leeds Castle is famous 500 acres of landscaped parkland that surround it and include a maze, an aviary, a grotto and a vineyard. Leeds Castle is supported by the Leeds Castle and is open to the public since 1976.

In 1119, Robert de Kreveker (Robert de Crevecoeur) began construction of a stone fortress on the site where there were early Saxon earthwork.

A short time later, the castle is mentioned in the history of the struggle for the English throne between Stephen and the Empress Matilda Bluaskim. Leeds Castle, at the time owned by Robert, Earl of Gloucester, who was a half brother of Matilda. With his support, in 1139 Matilda invaded England. However, Kent was loyal to Stefan and after a short siege, he gained control of the fortress.


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