Journey to the Chateau d'If, the famous Alexandre Dumas in his novel "The Count of Monte Cristo."
That hide the grim walls of the legendary castle?
So, France: Corsica, Paris, Marseille, and finally Chateau d'If.
In the former Soviet Union also withdrew their adaptation adventure Count of Monte Cristo,
which still has not lost its relevance.
Dark castle, in which the protagonist languished for many years, actually exists.
Inspired by the real Chateau d'If, Alexandre Dumas created his terrible,
tragic story about an incredibly strong man,
imagines himself equal with God and considers himself a hand of Providence.
It often happens that when the characters written by this master,
they seem quite real fans.
"Dantes stood up, looked in the direction in which steers the boat and
I saw about a hundred yards in front of him a black wall of rock,
on which stood a dark castle d'If.
This quaint appearance, this prison, which is a boundless horror,
this fortress, which has three hundred years nourishes Marseille their
creepy tales, suddenly emerged in front of Dantes, and did not think
about it, made him the same effect as a scaffold to produce
sentenced to death. »
Alexandre Dumas' The Count of Monte Cristo »
No wonder in England on Baker Street, there is a house-museum of Sherlock Holmes, who never existed,
but whose address still get letters addressed to the brilliant detective.
So many fans of The Count of Monte Cristo although his eyes
see the Chateau d'If and the chamber where the alleged languished Edmond Dantes.
Therefore, the castle, even conceding architecturally many castles in France,
thanks to the immortal genius of Alexandre Dumas, became a symbol of the will
to the life of Edmond Dantes, once vowed to avenge his enemies.
Chateau d'If is located in the south of France in the department of Bush du Rhône
(Bouches-du-Rhone) on the smallest island in the archipelago Friulian
(L`Archipel du Frioul), that are located within a mile of the coast of Marseille.
Chateau d'If was built in 1527-1531 years. on the orders of François I to defend the city against attacks from the sea.
The castle has never been attacked and survived to our time in perfect condition.
Today, Chateau d'If - one of the "business card" of Marseille.
A lot of guests want to visit the castle.
Guided tours of the castle chambers, selling souvenirs,
and the open area is a cafe with a view of Marseille.
How did the history of the island, where he later was built Chateau d'If?
Caesar mentioned the island, when he found himself near Marseille and
stopped at this little island for a few days before the battle.
Ifs island of the archipelago of Friuli, adjacent to the islands and Pomeg Raton,
is surprisingly close to Marseilles,
and it is perfectly visible, especially with the Corniche waterfront. Small, neat and high.
At its widest point the island reaches 180 m., And its maximum length - 300 m.
For a long time the island served as a haven for pirates, smugglers, fishermen and hunters.
Actually exists to the present day Chateau d'If was built in 1527-1531 gg.
to protect the coast of Marseille from enemy attack from the sea.
It's funny that at no time in the Chateau d'If was not committed a single attack,
why he was to have survived in excellent condition
and is a great temptation for tourists, as fans of Dumas,
who want their skin to try to imagine
pain and suffering invented Edmond Dantes, and those,
who just like well-preserved castles.
French name of the Chateau d'If. It is located in the Mediterranean Sea on the south side of France
on one of the smaller islands of the archipelago Friulian (L`Archipel du Frioul),
in the department of Bush-du-Rhone. This protective structure protecting the sea lanes leading to Marseille,
its area is 30 thousand square meters.
The castle itself is located at a distance of a mile from the coast of Marseille.
The castle seems ingrown into the rock, as it was built and it is in the rock,
towering over the island is only the external structure of the square shape with
three round towers and a small patio.
Exterior walls merge with rocks. Also in the castle is a lighthouse.
Bastions of the castle towering over the island, they can be seen far from the sea and the coast.
At the end of the XVI century on the perimeter of the island was built a fortress wall,
observation tower and the church.
In Marseille, Chateau d'If is very popular, tourists there just bursting,
Castle - a former defensive bastion never empty.
In spite of its defensive function, according to the engineer Vauban,
Chateau d'If was built very badly, in a hurry, with a lot of shortcomings
and punctures. So maybe the Chateau d'If lucky that he has never him
it was not necessary to carry out its role of protection against direct attack.
Although, perhaps, many enemies of France did not attack
Marseille because of the fearsome If Castle, who knows?
Only in 1531 the Spanish king Charles V decided to attack Marseilles,
but for some reason changed his mind. The French believe,
that the king was frightened Chateau d'If. Perhaps because it was actually.
As for the second role as the Chateau d'If, roles, so poetically described by Dumas and gloomy,
Chateau d'If it really served as a prison for the politically unreliable Huguenots and other exiles,
which did not suit the then political leadership of France.