History of the Chateau d'If (36 pics + 2 video)

"Dantes stood up, I looked in the direction where to direct the boat, and
I saw about a hundred yards in front of him a black sheer cliff,
on which stood a dark castle d'If.
This quaint look of this prison, which causes a unprecedent-
worthwhile horror, this fortress, which has three hundred years its powers Marseille
creepy tales, suddenly emerged in front of Dantes, and did not think
about her made him the same effect, which produces a scaffold on
sentenced to death. »

Alexandre Dumas' The Count of Monte Cristo »



 
We all grew up on the books of Alexandre Dumas. One of his most successful and memorable works was the novel about a prisoner of the Chateau d'If "The Count of Monte Cristo." This famous novel was written during the years 1844-1845. To work turned plausible, the author personally bed all those places in which his characters were traveling.

So, France Corsica, Paris, Marseille, and finally, the Chateau d'If. That is why the book is so believable. In the former Soviet Union also withdrew their adaptation adventure Count of Monte Cristo, which still has not lost its relevance. Dark castle, in which the protagonist languished for many years, actually exists. Inspired by a real Chateau d'If, Alexandre Dumas created a terrible, tragic story about an incredibly strong man imagines himself equal to God and considers himself a hand of Providence. It is often the case that, if the characters are written out by this master, they seem quite real fans.

No wonder England on Baker Street, there is a house-museum of Sherlock Holmes, who never existed, but whose address still get letters addressed to the brilliant detective. So many fans Count of Monte Cristo at the eyes to see the Chateau d'If and the camera, which allegedly languished Edmond Dantes. Therefore, the lock, even architecturally inferior to many castles of France, thanks to the immortal genius of Alexandre Dumas, became a symbol of the will to live Edmond Dantes, once vowed to avenge his enemies.



Chateau d'If (fr. Shâteau d`If) located in the south of France in the department of Bush du Rhône (Bouches-du-Rhone) on the smallest island in the archipelago of Friuli (L`Archipel du Frioul), that are located within a mile of the coast of Marseille . Chateau d'If was built in 1527-1531 gg. on the orders of François I to protect the city against attacks from the sea. The castle has never been attacked and survived to our time in perfect condition. Today, Chateau d'If - one of the "business card" of Marseille. Many visitors tend to visit the castle. Castle guided tours on the camera, sold souvenirs, and in the open air is a cafe with a view of Marseille.



From what began the history of the island, which was later built the castle of If? Caesar mentioned the island, when he found himself near Marseille and settled on this small island for a few days before the battle.

Ifs Island archipelago of Friuli, adjacent to the islands and Pomeg Raton, is surprisingly close to Marseille, and is well seen, especially with the Corniche. Small, neat and high. At its widest point the island reaches 180 m., And its maximum length - 300 m. For a long time the island served as a refuge for pirates, smugglers, fishermen and hunters. Actually exists to the present day Chateau d'If was built in 1527-1531 gg. to protect the coast of Marseilles from enemy attack from the sea. Funny, that never in the Chateau d'If was not committed any attacks that made him to have survived in excellent condition and is a great temptation for tourists as fans of Dumas, who want the hard way to try to imagine the pain and suffering invented Edmond Dantes and those who simply love the well-preserved castles. The French title of the Chateau d'If Shâteau d`If. It is located in the Mediterranean Sea on the southern side of France in one of the small islands of the archipelago Friuli (L`Archipel du Frioul), in the department of Bush-du-Rhone. This protective structure protecting the sea lanes leading to Marseilles, its area is 30 thousand square meters.



The castle itself is located within a mile of the coast of Marseille. The castle seems grown into the rock, as it was built and it is in the rock, towering over the island is only the external structure of the square shape with three round towers and a small patio. The outer walls merge with rocks. Also in the castle is a lighthouse. Ramparts of the castle towering over the island, they can be seen far from the sea and the coast. At the end of the XVI century on the perimeter of the island was built a fortress wall, observation tower and the church. In Marseille, Chateau d'If is very popular, there just bursting with tourists, the castle - former defensive bastion never empty. In spite of its defensive function, according to the engineer Vauban, Chateau d'If was built very badly, in a hurry, with a lot of flaws and punctures. So maybe the Chateau d'If lucky, he has never he did not have a direct role to carry out their protection from attack. Though, perhaps, many of the enemies of France, Marseille is not attacked because of the fearsome If Castle, who knows?

Only in the 1531 Spanish King Charles V decided to attack Marseilles, but for some reason changed his mind. The French believe that the king was frightened Chateau d'If. Perhaps the way it really was. What about the second role of the Chateau d'If, as so poetically described by Dumas and gloomy, the Chateau d'If indeed served as a prison for the politically unreliable Huguenots and other exiles who were not satisfied with the then political leadership of France.

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