In northern Canada (Ellesmere Island) paleontologists found the remains of the giant camel, who lived in these places about 3, 4 million years ago, according to an article in Nature Communications.
According to scientists, the finding suggests that the ancestors of modern camels lived in the cold Arctic, and then spread to warmer places of the earth.
North America, scientists say, is the "cradle" of camels kind Paracamelus. They lived in these places for millions of years, and their distinctive features such as, for example, hump, large eyes and wide-legged, could appear in the process of adapting to life in the Arctic.
In its work, paleontologists explored sedimentary rocks in the fjord Strathcona (west of Ellesmere Island). There lie formed 5-3 million years ago, deposits, which were found large bones that have attracted the attention of scientists.
Photo from csotonyi.com
A study of the remains revealed that they belonged to large cloven-hoofed mammal, but due to the fact that the remains were too destroyed to ascertain their owner is a difficult task, so the researchers decided to remove them from protein fragments and then compare with the same extract from bone ungulates. As it turned out, in the bones around the same proteins as the basis for the camels, dromedaries skeleton (single-humped).