Ever since I saw a year ago, dedicated to the transfer of this machine, we can say that it has become my dream. Think about it - who does not need electric feed rising in price every day petrol or diesel, which does not pollute the environment and which is recognized as the most reliable and environmentally friendly car in the world!
When I learned that one of the copies of the legendary electric appeared in Moscow, I decided to meet with the owner and see the car personally, but it was very popular among fans of electric vehicles and the environmental movement, because I found her at the event dedicated to the protection of the environment.
Few talk about the car: Tesla Model S - a five-door electric car produced by the American company Tesla Motors. The prototype was first shown at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 2009. Deliveries of the car in the US began in June 2012. The company calls your car with this type of body "fastback", which we know as "hatchback».
Prices for Model S start at 62, 4 thousand dollars and go up to 87, 4 thousand dollars (US). The most expensive option - a car with a power reserve of almost 425 kilometers, able to recruit "hundreds" of 4, 2 seconds.
In the first quarter of 2013 in the United States has sold 4,750 copies of Tesla Model S. Thus, the model became the best-selling luxury sedan, ahead of, in particular, Mercedes-Benz S-Class and BMW 7 Series. The breakthrough came in Europe. In Norway, the first two weeks in September 2013 Tesla Model S - the best-selling car (322 pieces), bypassed Volkswagen Golf (256sht).
Under the hood is not just what we are used to seeing in a car with an internal combustion engine. Here, instead of a trunk.
Behind the same. Trunk volume enough, if you wish you can install child seats facing face to the glass.
According to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) charge a lithium-ion battery capacity of 85 kWh is enough for 426 kilometers, which makes it possible to overcome the Model S the greatest distance available on the market of electric vehicles. Initially, the plan was to start Tesla in 2013, production of cars with a capacity of 60 kWh battery (335 km) and 40 kWh (260 km), but because of the low demand on the model 40 kWh, it was decided to refuse. The base S model uses a liquid-cooled AC motor, which produces 362 horsepower.
The basis of the vehicle's battery (of 16 units) is about 7 thousand AA batteries stacked with a special distribution of positive and negative contacts, which is kept secret.
In June 2013 the company has demonstrated the ability to charge Model S by automatically replacing the battery. The demonstration showed that replacement procedure takes approximately 90 seconds, which is more than twice as fast as the same full tank refueling gasoline car. According to company president Elon Musk, "slow" (20-30 minutes) battery charging Model S at gas stations the company will be free, while the quick change of owner of the car will cost at about $ 60-80 dollars, which is roughly equivalent to the cost of a full tank gasoline.
Look inside the machine. Instead of the usual instrument panel, there is an LCD monitor that all the required function keys and information about the operating status of the car.
At the moment the car is charged, and instead of the speedometer displays information about how charged electric vehicle, and how many kilometers it is enough progress. Instead of the tachometer on the display now shows the ammeter.
Behind quite spacious.
The windows on the doors without frames.
On Turning - a symbol of Tesla Motors, concise and beautiful.
Finally I talk about how to charge the battery electric vehicle the words of its owner.
How to charge the Tesla? The simple answer - quickly and easily.
Simple mathematics and basic course of electrical engineering, 8th grade of secondary school.
Remember that the power is expressed in kilowatts and is a current in amps multiplied by volts.
And Tesla battery capacity is equal to a 60 kWh or 85 kWh, depending on the modification.
And remember that the staffing charger works within the range 100-240V 50-60Hz. Problems with the Russian electricity grid no.
The main three phases does not apply :) but abstract imyarek without fighter-electrician with this problem can not cope, and stupid men electricians in nature are extremely rare, natural selection is all business.
So go. A bunch of options.
Option 1. Always and everywhere.
The regular power supply, conventional 220V outlet.
12 amperes, 220 volts = approximately 2.5KVt.
Fully charging the battery - one and a half days (given for 85 large batteries for a small share at a specified time and a half).
It is important to have a working "land" on the socket, without it does not work.
The technical complexity - all the connectors are on the charger overseas standards.
Solution - either an adapter with an American outlet for Russian (Chinese adapters for iPhones are not suitable, they are flimsy PPC, let them just scared vdolguyu 12A) or banal twist. Clings to the connectors on the American twist cut off from the towel warmer or microwave cable and plug. Works.
Option 2: Cheap and cheerful.
The second charger connector. Standard NEMA 14-50, American power outlet.
Take the American outlet standard NEMA 14-50 (it is important to take care to buy in advance, it is better to reserve a dozen), a fighter call electrician. Please give, or require 50 amp single-phase.
Depending on the degree of motivation and motivation of fighters and possibly electrical-energy fighter obtain or 25A or 32A or 40A.
Then the fighter puts on an electrical wall outlet in advance the stored American and connects it. Soldiers electricians that are trained, switching does not cause problems (cling-ground zero-phase, the neutral is not needed). Switching circuits search in Wikipedia.
The result - a full charging time is reduced to 18/14/11 hours.
Already much better battery charged per night.
What is the charging of options 1 and 2.
He opened the trunk. He took out the battery charger. Inserted into the outlet, wait to run the green lights. Inserted into the machine, it waits until the light flashes green. I went to bed. A minute and a half on everything about everything.
Not sure of the possibility of outdoor installation. IP44 is not visually very similar, really - it is necessary to read the specification. Options to get out there for sure.
Option 3. Wall connector.
The process of the organization is almost completely similar to Option 2.
- Electricians fighters and soldiers put the combat mission to provide 80 amperes per phase. Perhaps men with this problem can not cope, it's a lot 80A. Then we can restrict 40A.
- Instead of the outlet NEMA 14-50 on the wall hangs a wall charger.
Charging procedure is substantially simplified. He took off from the wall plug, stuck in the car, I went to sleep. 15 seconds and no cables underfoot.
Charging time (if it is possible to organize 80A) is reduced to 5-6 hours.
Street performance - yes. Protection IP44.
An important point - make sure when you order that the Tesla is able to charge current 80A. If you can not - you can solve the issue of potentially replacing the unit charge in Tesla.
But he doroguschy, not easier to buy this and other Tesla, where the block is nominally.
To live apart zamkadyshey also have the option of charging a single-phase diesel. Features absolutely no, switching easily cope fighter electrician.
That's all there is.
While in Russia, no supercharger (110kW power charges for 40 minutes) or stations battery swap (changing the battery with a new charged for 2 minutes).
Everything will be. A year or two maximum.
No technical difficulties there, particularly in the supercharger. The question is exactly when Elon Musk remember about poor Russia. Soon recall soon :)
What else should be considered.
What is the real electricity consumption in street racing mode (in other words I do not go there yet) is 1.5 times higher than normal. Reserve respectively of 400 km and 250-300.
What is the real odometer model vnutrimkpadysha - within 100-150km. Zamkadyshi travel 150-200km. Accordingly, every day do not need to charge the battery and the entire half or 2/3. And not 10 hours, and 5-6-7.
It's all. No more features and revelations.
Just put every evening to charge iPhone, aypad, MacBook, and Tesla.