Conquerors of Space (8 photos)

In this article you will learn about the five cases that cause imbued with respect to the space explorers.
Recently, we used to wonder of the space programs of technical and scientific progress and increasingly forget about the brave people challenging the stars.

Yuri Gagarin




 
Many of you have probably heard about Felix Baumgartner - a man who has fallen in the news around the world after a parachute jump from space. However, few have mentioned that to him this trick performed by none other than Yuri Gagarin - the first man in the world, made a space flight.

Generally, as the world's first cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin - this is the man whom we must first remember making a list of the most exciting events in the cosmos. Or, for that matter, any other list of the most exciting events.




While the pace of the space race were incredibly high. Highly so that Yuri launched into space before the brakes were invented .... Because of this, despite the fact that the capsule Vostok ship were parachutes, the basic principle of stopping formulated as "a planet there will be on the course." And that is why at the height of 7 kilometers Yuri was automatically ejected, lest his death, together with the world's first manned spacecraft.

So he beat Baumgartner (which, by the way, he could even choose exactly when to jump him) for 8 years before the latter was born. And yet, even this is done is truly incredible stunts, Yuri, for the sake of the space program, did not talk about it. This little fact clearly shows how high the level of secrecy was then - wait, because today many people can not keep his mouth shut, even if you just ate a delicious burger. In addition, the Russian thought that the world community will enjoy more than the phrase "it landed in the descent vehicle" rather than "He jumped out of the rapidly falling cosmic bomb". What is there nuclear weapons, you! We Know that in the Soviet Union get up to such things, and the film "Red Dawn" would be about how docile Americans learn to cook breakfast with kasha and butterbrots [sic!] For the beloved Soviet masters.

By the way, it turned out later, the International Federation of Aeronautics (Federation Aeronautique Internationale - FAI) has not recognized to record the flight in which the pilot landed in his own ship. What nonsense, guys? If your records do not recognize the achievements of Yuri Gagarin, the best record in general, these should not be taken seriously!

Gordon Cooper




Gordon participated in the Mercury-Atlas 9 - the last of a series of flights Mercury. Spacecraft are used in the program were not designed to manage the part of the pilot - all the equipment has been fully automated. It has become a serious problem when the ship Gordon refused electronics. All. Completely. Correction does not work direction or control of engines, or even devices that would show him which way it flies. The only thing that continued to work - a radio connected directly to the battery power, but because there were still six years before the writing of David Bowie's song Space Oddity, Gordon was not much to sing.

When Gordon realized that all rocket scientists, watching the flight from Earth, began just as useless as the termoekran chocolate, he did all the work himself. Associated with other astronaut John Glenn Cooper has developed a new procedure for the entry into the atmosphere. He calculated parameters are input with less tools than you currently have - because you have enough air, and the last thing he saw Cooper before unplugging electronics, was the fact that the capsule began to fill with carbon dioxide.




And while most probably would have spent his last moments, telling everyone (especially electricians) that thinks about them, Cooper managed to get themselves put the capsule, and to do so in a way that would have seemed to you too unrealistic, seeing you have it, for example, film. Imagine for a moment Apollo 13, the crew of which had to hastily assemble air filtration system from spare parts. Now imagine the following. Orient the capsule in the direction of the window stars, Cooper struck him mark and began to manage accelerators, reaching for the fuel valves and manually opening and closing them, using his wrist watch to measure the time of their work.

These clocks were used for more computing space than the HAL-9000.




During reentry - and this is perhaps the most difficult test for the human body - it also had to manually open the brake and the main parachutes and landing pad - despite the fact that each of these actions were only two possible outcomes - "made perfect" and "I turned into a cake." And what was the reaction of Cooper this deadly math test?

"... Well, that's what we always wanted to try to do. So I just have the opportunity to do what I always wanted. »

So if you hear the kids complain that they never have to use math in real life, tell them that in this case the life to which they are prepared - sucks.

Neil Armstrong

What about the twins? If we talk about the sign of the zodiac, you can probably say that it fully reflects the duality of the human race. If we bear in mind a series of controlled space flight, we can safely say that they are one of the most impressive achievements in history.

David Scott (David Scott) and Neil Armstrong (Neil Armstrong) flew on the Gemini 8 to test what would happen if the Gemini capsule to dock with the special target Agena. Out of all the figuring out what happens if you try to kill your Gemini crew. After docking began growing uncontrolled rotation ligament Gemini and Agena. Undocking devices did not help - only increased the speed of rotation, which proved that the problem was in Gemini (and the laws of inertia). The unit continued to accelerate as long as the universe outside the window did not slip at a rate of once per second, filled with new meaning the word "Hertz".



Due to the high acceleration of the astronauts it was difficult to even raise his head or arm. However, instead of losing consciousness, Armstrong manually blocked boosters capsule and start the engine for the entry into the atmosphere, which saved their lives. Of course, this has ruined himself Gemini 8 mission, but it's safe to say that it was an act of self-defense.

Catch the moon hand

Contrasted thumb by which we can handle a variety of tools - this is definitely a huge advantage, bringing us to perfection - from sticks and ending with ... communications satellites. Since fishing companion bare hands - is that likely to happen in the film Superman, than in real life, Pierre Thuot (Pierre Thout), Richard Hib (Richard Hieb) and Thomas Akers (Thomas Akers) give odds to any fighter who once -or seen the light.



To attach to the satellite Intelstat VI booster, Johnson Space Center developed a special capture is like super-expensive version of the slot machine to catch the soft toys. However, the capture refused to work as intended, and the team to maneuver so as to be about three feet from the satellite (chetyrёhtonny represents a piece of iron, racing in an orbit with a high speed), came out in open space and literally caught the moon with his own hands.

Valery Polyakov - king space

Polyakov was a doctor, an astronaut, a specialist in space medicine, very persons wishing to find out what happens to the human body in space. If you search in the dictionary, "people who remained in space long enough to allow time to fly to Mars," is unlikely to find anything, but in scientific journals this phrase is synonymous with the name of Valery Polyakov. Here it is - a living example of the possibility to transport people to other planets.



He spent 240 days on the station "Mir" in 1988, and in 1994 went to the more long flight, which lasted 437 days. "Close to the tin man for more than a year" - is not it, a scenario reminiscent of the psychological thriller? But the Poles wanted to prove that the human mind can handle it. For a long stay in space is also fraught with the loss of muscle mass and bone fragility, but specially developed program allowed Valery avoid these unpleasant consequences.

After a year spent in space, return to the full gravity was not easy - it seemed like it was not Polyakov on Earth, and the Earth on it. Yet Valery insisted on their own to get out of the capsule - to prove what the human body is capable of. His first action after the return should have shown that if mankind really need something, people are even capable of the most incredible things.

NASA astronaut Thagard Normat (Norman Thagard) said that the Poles looked like "would compete with the bear," which is both a compliment and the truth about how good the Russian space program.

Most likely, the Poles will hold the record for the longest stay in space for as long as someone is not really fly to the red planet. The man flew 300 million kilometers in a tin - and to spur the human race to again to start moving forward.

Source: habrahabr.ru

Tags

See also

New and interesting