The unique structure was built in the canton of Grisons (Switzerland), which spanned the river Landwasser, height and length of 65 136 meters.
This railway bridge, consisting of six arches 20 meters long.
Resting one end of the tunnel Landwasser bridge is actually a continuation of it.
Landwasser Viaduct (it. Landwasserviadukt) - bent in terms shestiarochny single track railway bridge.
Masonry viaduct made with limestone and dolomite, its volume 9200kub.m. The bridge was designed by Alexander akatos in the years 1901-1902 by Mueller and Tserleder (German. Muller & Zeerleder) for the Rhaetian Railway. Construction was carried out by unusual for the time of technology. Three supports were built without scaffolding. Instead of forests in the middle poles were erected metal structures that held the bridge crane. He delivered building materials to the site of the masonry.
The viaduct was opened in 1902. The owner of the bridge is the Rhaetian Railway. This bridge has become a symbol Albuliyskoy railway, which is listed on the UNESCO World Heritage.
The supports were built without scaffolding. In the center of the iron supports were put towers, relied on support bridges cranes 5 m. As lifting support towers were increased, climbing bridges, etc. ....
Iron towers were left in the masonry.
This viaduct is located on the site Albuliyskoy railway connecting the city of Filisur and Tifinkastel. If you go to the last station, it is possible to admire the bridge from a distance. Especially well it can be seen from the viaduct Shmittentobel, which is also a tourist attraction. Lovely view of the viaduct opens passengers traveling on the railway line Davos - Filisur.
It celebrated 106 years since the opening of the bridge, and it has passed the 100 thousand. trains. Viaduct demanded the restoration, which was done in 2009. The clutch was introduced a special hardener, replaced sleepers and rails. The appearance of the bridge remains unchanged.
From May to September 2009 at the time of repair and support the arches of the viaduct, which was built in a curve radius of 100 m, covered with sheets of red color, thus making construction at the time of repair in some kind of artifact. About 25% of the work is done at night, missing trains provided through temporary structures. Completely renovated viaduct was completed in November 2009
Landwasser viaduct on the line Albula, known so much that literally became an icon of Swiss railways.
Generally in Switzerland most dense European network of railways. On average, 1,000 square kilometers there are 122 km of railway lines (cf .: in Europe about 46 km to the same square kilometers). Swiss - the most active users of services of railways in Europe. So, in 2005, each of them has made an average of 42 trips a total length of 1929 km. Worldwide, they are second only to the Japanese, committed in 2005, more travel, but drove less kilometers. In the US, these figures in 2001 were respectively 0, 1 and 32 km trip.
In 2006, train the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB) transported 285 million. Passengers and more than 60 million. Tons of cargo. The total length of lines SBB is 3163 km.
Along with the state-owned company SBB in Switzerland there are still private railways with a total length of about 2,000 km. In 2003, they were transported 169 million. Passengers. About 150 km of track length cog railways and cable cars.
Despite the mountains and gorges, the railway - is an example of punctuality. Train schedule are well coordinated with that of other bus and river transport modes.
Swiss - masters in the construction of railways. You have to be resourceful enough to be able to overcome the difference of mountain heights. Power locomotive, as a rule, is not enough to raise the composition of a straight line on a steep slope. He will be able to overcome this slope, climbing the curved or circular branch. For example, on the stage of the journey through the St. Gotthard Pass to ensure the safe movement of trains along a straight tunnel was built circular.
In the mountainous canton of Grisons is a lot of long and sometimes fancifully curved rail viaduct that attract tourists from around the world. Most of them were built in the early XX century.
The highest railway station in Europe "Jungfraujoch" is located at an altitude of 3454 meters in the Bernese Oberland.
The official name Landwasserviadukt
Crosses the river Landwasser
Location Filisur, Grisons, Switzerland
The design type of arch viaduct
The total length of 136 meters
The length of the bridge span arches 6 to 20 meters
The height of the bridge 65 meters
Start of construction in March 1901
Opening date July 1, 1903
On this bridge runs around 22,000 trains a year, or about 60 trains a day.
That restoration processes
Source: ir-62.livejournal.com, bestbridge.net, www.swissworld.org
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