The Berlin Wall was equipped engineering and fortified frontier of the German Democratic Republic and West Berlin on August 13, 1961 to November 7, 1989 a length of 155 km. In this post you will learn interesting facts and see archival photos of this building, who had become legendary.
During its existence from 1961 to 1989 Wall stopped almost all emigration and separated East Germany from West more than a quarter century. In this image, the police in West Berlin was behind barbed wire in a high concrete wall at the Brandenburg Gate 23 November 1961. The Communists had just smashed the screen cover the walls. In the picture you can see how the material used for the construction of the wall, loaded on the other side of the concrete barrier.
Before the construction of the wall 3, 5 million people in East Germany escaped restrictions on emigration and fled to West Germany, across the border between East and West Berlin. While in West Berlin was a real economic boom, part of which would be the residents of East Berlin. In the photo people get on the bus to look for newly built Berlin Wall.
Due to the closure of the east-west border in Berlin a large number of East Germans could no longer travel or emigrate to West Germany. Many families were divided; East Berliners who worked in the western part, were cut off from their place of work, and the people of West Berlin were isolated on hostile ground. Two girls on the streets of West Germany talk to their grandparents in the house in the eastern zone, separated by a barricade of barbed wire, August 14, 1961.
After the construction of the Wall around 5,000 people attempted to escape. As a result, died from 98 to 200 people. In this photo of a dying Peter Fechter carry soldiers Border Service of East Germany, who shot him when he tried to escape to the West 17 August 1962. Two former soldiers Border Service accused of murder. Fechter 50 minutes spent on neutral territory, after which he was taken to hospital where he died.
American soldiers in a jeep equipped with a machine gun, while patrolling the Berlin Wall along the River Spree in Kreuzberg, Berlin, circa 1981..
In this photo you can see the 1981 segment of "deadly strip" between the outer and inner parts of the Berlin Wall. On the interval used guards, spotlights, hedgehogs and more than 100 km of electric wires to isolate East Berlin from the west.
A completely different scene at the Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989, when the East German government announced after weeks of uprisings that all GDR citizens could visit West Germany and West Berlin. The crowd celebrates the fall of the Berlin Wall.
Women from East Germany crying with joy, crossing the border in the west to the checkpoint Charlie on the night of November 9, 1989, during the fall of the Berlin Wall.
Demonstrators on the western side of the Berlin Wall are trying to tear down part of the wall near the Brandenburg Gate 11 November 1989.
Border Service of East Germany uses water cannon to disperse the people of West Berlin near the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin November 11, 1989. Residents of the western part of trying to tear down the wall.
Soldiers of the Border Service of East Germany stand at the open part of the Berlin Wall, which the protesters are trying to tear down at the Brandenburg Gate 11 November 1989.
Soldiers guard the East German border at Ostpreussendamm the morning of 14 November 1989, where the workers of East Germany set pass through the wall. Hundreds of East Berliners poured through the gates in the western part of the divided city.
A resident of West Berlin tries to break the Berlin Wall with a hammer near the square Potsdamer November 12, 1989.
Border Guard soldiers in East Germany distributes the barbed wire, which he cut with the Berlin Wall aisle Ostpreussendamm in Berlin November 14, 1989.
Young East Berliners shout for joy, running through the passage into West Berlin at the Brandenburg Gate 23 December 1989. Then the new East German government has promised to fully open the gate for Christmas.
US employee Steve Rogers from Oakland. California, talking with the soldier Border Service of East Germany Mike Staapsom, which looks out from a hole in the eastern part of the Berlin Wall, 26 March 1990.