In 1950, in the Caspian Sea off the coast of Azerbaijan, Soviet engineers began building a great city.
It was a network of oil platforms, linked by hundreds of kilometers of roads.
Oil ended, and buildings remained.
On these islands were built housing for 5,000 workers, with cinemas, parks, sports complexes and other institutions. Gradually depleted oil reserves, and now this place - nostalgia for the old dilapidated engineering Soviet man.
In 1999, part of the James Bond film "The World Is Not Enough" was filmed on these platforms. But back to the story. The area of Azerbaijan has been known for its rich oil resources since ancient times. "Liquid Fire", for which Constantinople besieged by the Arabs in the seventh century, consisted mainly of oil, which is collected directly on the shores of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. The Persians were also called to the area - "Land of Fire", where the priests covered their temples oil from natural sources, and this oil was oil.
Oil production on an industrial scale is not engaged until 1870, at this time, these lands conquered by Russia. By that time Baku was similar in Nice, there lived a rich and rested from all over Europe.
In 1941, Azerbaijan, while he was part of the Soviet Union, has already delivered 175 million barrels of crude oil per year - it was 75 percent of the total oil production in the country. That is why the German forces during the Second World War, so sought here.
After the war, Soviet engineers arrived at a coastal island, which sailors call "Black Rock". They built a barn on a tiny island and conducted test drilling. On the night of November 7, 1949, they found high-quality oil at a depth of 1100 meters below the seabed and shortly afterwards, this place was built the first offshore oil production platform in the world. The platform was primitive compared to modern mastodons, because it consisted mostly of wood.