The scientific world waited - a couple of hours on the border of Switzerland and France launched the largest ever existing particle accelerator.
Essentially, it is the brainchild of the leading physicists of the world, including scientists from Russia. It was built in seven years at the European Center for Nuclear Research.
July 8, 2008 on the border of France and Switzerland scheduled several times postponed the launch of the Large Hadron Collider, built up over 14 years. It is the world's largest particle accelerator. According to opponents of the experiment, the launch of the device can form a black hole that will swallow the planet
At a depth of 100 meters around the ring diameter of 27 kilometers of the charged particles are accelerated to nearly the speed of light. Will be recreated the Big Bang, through which, according to the scientists, and there was our universe.
Protons will face a hitherto unseen energy - 14 terraelektronvolt - a million times more than the single fusion. Faced they form millions of fragments, which are to be investigated.
With their help, scientists hope to make significant progress in understanding where there was a matter of time. In the Large Hadron Collider Physics want to catch the Higgs boson, also called the "God particle." On the theoretical justification of its existence are built all the modern theory of the origin of the universe.
According to its scientific value start Collider near Geneva, is far superior to even fly to the moon, according to BBC. It was created 14 years, scientists have worked 40 countries. Passion for knowledge has already cost the project participants in the $ 8 billion. The scope of research is so huge that it is virtually impossible to predict the results.
Critics of the project have expressed fears that the collision of particles with such energy in the accelerator can be formed intertemporal twist or a black hole. Its weight will start to grow, first it will suck in itself Collider, then Switzerland, Europe, and the entire planet. Two US citizens even sued the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN).
According to representatives of CERN, has considered in detail all the complaints, the planet is not in danger. According to them, for billions of years in nature is much more powerful collisions than in the LHC and the Earth survived. The report confirms that the formation of microscopic black holes may, however their lifetime will be very short.