April 7, 1989 in the Norwegian Sea in a fire under water sunk submarine K-278 "Komsomolets". 42 crew members of the submarine were killed. Of the 69 members of the crew were saved only 27.
K-278 "Komsomolets" - Soviet nuclear submarine 3rd generation
Boat absolute record belongs to the depth of immersion among the submarines - 1020 meters.
"K-278" - "Komsomolets", the deep sea and the most solid boat in the world. On board the submarine were two nuclear reactors. Submerged displacement of 8500 tons, a speed of 30 knots, 22 torpedo ammunition, some of which could be replaced with cruise missiles "Granat».
The submarine K-278 was born in 1960 in terms of increasing confrontation between the USSR and the USA. While the US Navy submarine forces had an overwhelming advantage. The Americans have already surfaced at the geographic North Pole on PLA "Skate". To catch up, the Soviet Union began building a third-generation submarines.
On this day, at a depth of 386 meters in neutral waters near Bear Island in the performance of tasks of military service in the compartment of the submarine fire occurred. Six hours submariners fought to save the submarine, but after the explosions in the compartments of the submarine, which was carrying 42 crew members, the boat sank. For courage and heroism they were awarded with the Order of the Red Banner.
Over the past 70-odd years killed 12 Russian submarines.
In total, accidents and disasters during this period the country lost more than 800 sailors. Six Disaster crews were killed in full force with the ship. At the bottom lie the four Russian nuclear submarines.
This submarine "K-8" - with a displacement of 4100 tons, sank April 12, 1970 in the Bay of Biscay, a fire in the rear compartment, killing 52 people.
"K-27" with a displacement of 4,400 tons, was flooded after the accident in September 1981 in the New Earth.
K-219 "- one of the first strategic missile submarine cruisers with a displacement of 9300 tons, sank 6 October 1986 near Bermuda in the blast in the mine rockets, killing four people.
"K-278" - "Komsomolets" April 7, 1989 sank in the Norwegian Sea in a fire under water 42 crew members of the submarine were killed
"K-141" - "Kursk" 12 August 2000 in the Barents Sea sank the nuclear submarine -
Killed 118 people. The rise of the remains of the crew and the submarine was completed in October 2001.
In memory of the dead submariners, honorably fulfilled their duty to the Fatherland, April 7 at the time of raising flags on korablinh and courts of all navies held a moment of silence, and in parts of the diving and Naval Institute held a memorial evening dedicated to the courage and heroism of Russian submariners.