Man-made disasters of the XXI century

Annually in the world there are dozens of man-made disasters. They killed people, cause enormous damage to the environment.

2000

Petrobrays - Brazilian state oil company. The company's headquarters is located in Rio de Janeiro. In July 2000, in Brazil as a result of the disaster at the refinery in the Iguazu River flowed over a million gallons of oil (about 3 180 tonnes). For comparison, the recently about the resort island in Thailand has poured 50 tons of crude oil.




The resulting spot proceeded down the river, threatening to poison the drinking water for several towns. The liquidators of the accident have built several entry barriers, but only managed to stop the oil on the fifth. One part of the oil collected from the water surface, and the other went on a specially constructed diverting ducts.

The company "Petrobrays" paid $ 56 million fine to the state budget, and 30 million - in the state budget.




2001

September 21, 2001 in Toulouse, the French at a chemical plant AZF explosion, the consequences of which are considered to be one of the largest man-made disasters. Blow up 300 tons of ammonium nitrate (nitric acid salt), who were at the warehouse. Officially, the guilty plant management, which does not ensure the security of storage of explosive substances.

The consequences of the disaster was huge, killing 30 people, the total number of injured - more than 3 00 have been destroyed or damaged thousands of homes and buildings, including almost 80 schools, 2 universities, 185 kindergartens, homeless were 40,000 people, More than 130 companies actually ceased operations. The total amount of damages - 3 billion euros.




2002

November 13, 2002 off the coast of Spain, fell into a violent storm oil tanker Prestige, which was in the holds more than 77 000 tons of fuel oil. As a result of the storm in the ship's hull the crack length of about 50 meters. November 19 tanker broke in half and sank. As a result of the disaster at sea were 63,000 tons of fuel oil.




Clean sea and beaches of oil cost US $ 12 billion mantas, full of the damage caused by the ecosystem can not be estimated.




2004

August 26, 2004 near Cologne in western Germany from the bridge Wiehltal height of 100 meters has fallen tanker truck carrying 32,000 liters of fuel. After the fall of tanker truck exploded. The culprit of the accident was a sports car, which skidded on a slippery road, which caused the skid tanker.

This accident is considered to be one of the most expensive man-made disasters in history - a temporary repair of the bridge is 40 million dollars and the total reconstruction - 318 million dollars.



2007

19 March 2007 due to a methane explosion at the mine "Ulyanovsk" in the Kemerovo region killed 110 people. After the first burst of 5-7 seconds, followed by four more blast, which caused extensive landslides in mines in several places. Chief engineer died and almost all the mine management. This accident is the largest in the Russian coal mining over the past 75 years.



2009

August 17, 2009 there was a man-made disaster at the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station, located on the Yenisei River. It happened during the repair of a hydroelectric power station hydroelectric units. The accident destroyed the 3rd and 4th waterways, was the destruction of the walls and flooding the engine room. 9 out of 10 hydro turbines completely out of order, he's been stopped.

Because of the accident was a broken power supply Siberian regions, including the limited supply of electricity in Tomsk, touched off several Siberian smelters. As a result of the disaster killed 75 people, another 13 were wounded.



Damage from the accident at the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station has exceeded 7.3 billion rubles, including damage to the environment. Recently in Khakassia has started a process in the case of man-made disaster at the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power plant in 2009.

2010

October 4, 2010 in the west of Hungary, there was a major environmental catastrophe. In a large aluminum smelter explosion destroyed a dam reservoir with toxic waste - the so-called red mud. About 1, 1 million cubic meters of caustic substances flooded 3-meter and flow of the city Kolontár Dechever 160 kilometers west of Budapest.



Red mud - a precipitate which is formed during the production of alumina. After contact with skin it acts on it as alkali. As a result of the disaster 10 people died, 150 were injured and burns.





April 22, 2010

April 22, 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of the US state of Louisiana after the explosion, which killed 11 people, and 36-hour fire, sank controlled drilling platform Deepwater Horizon.



Stop the oil leak was only 4 August 2010. In the Gulf of Mexico water spilled about 5 million barrels of crude oil. The platform on which the accident occurred, owned by the Swiss company, and at the time of man-made disaster platform operated company Vritish Petroleum.



2011

March 11, 2011 in the northeast of Japan's nuclear power plant "Fukushima-1" after the earthquake was the largest in 25 years after the disaster at Chernobyl accident. After the tremors of magnitude 9, 0 on the coast came a huge tsunami that damaged the reactor 4 of 6 nuclear power plant and put out of action the cooling system, which led to a series of explosions of hydrogen meltdown.



Total emission of iodine-131 and cesium-137 after the accident at the nuclear power plant "Fukushima-1" totaled 900,000 terabekkreley that does not exceed 20% of the emissions from the Chernobyl accident in 1986, which then amounted to 5.2 million terabecquerels.

The total damage caused by the accident at the nuclear power plant "Fukushima-1", the experts estimated at 74 billion dollars. The complete elimination of the accident, including the dismantling of the reactors, will take about 40 years.

"Fukushima-1┬╗



July 11, 2011

July 11th, 2011 at the naval base near Limassol, Cyprus was an explosion, which claimed 13 lives, and put the island nation to the brink of economic crisis, destroying the island's largest power station.

Investigators accused the President of the Republic Demetris Christofias that he negligently treated the problem of storage of ammunition confiscated in 2009 from a vessel "Monchegorsk" on suspicion of smuggling weapons to Iran. In fact ammunition were stored directly on the ground in the territory of the naval base and detonated due to high temperature.

Destroyed power Mari, Cyprus



2012

February 28, 2012 at a chemical plant in the Chinese province of Hebei, an explosion occurred, killing 25 people. The explosion in the workshop for the production of nitroguanidine (it is used as a rocket fuel) at the chemical plant of the company "Hebei Keer" in Shijiazhuang City



2013

April 18, 2013 in the US city of West Texas fertilizer factory was a massive explosion.

Nearly 100 buildings in the district were destroyed, from 5 to 15 people were killed and about 160 people were injured, and the town looked like a war zone or on the set of the next film about Terminator.



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