To donate blood
more than once had everyone. This is one of the important methods laboratory tests prescribed for most diseases, because changes in blood composition reflect the processes occurring in our body.
As the blood of a healthy person
according to its cellular composition is fairly constant, changes occurring as a result of various diseases can be seen immediately.
To the study was the most accurate, blood should be taken on an empty stomach or at least 2 hours after a meal. For repeated tests , blood tests
carried out at the same time and under the same conditions.
How to decode craveri analysis interpretation of results analysis competent doctor will take into account the sex of the person and his physiological state. For example, in women during PMS increases ESR and decreases the number of platelets.
Read analysis can only be a doctor, but knowing the rate and by looking at your analysis, you will be able to have an idea about what is happening in your body processes.
- Hemoglobin (Hb)
Protein complex, the main component of red blood cells, its main function is to transport oxygen from the lungs to the tissues and removing CO2. Normal values: men — 130-160 g/liter for women — 120-140 g/liter. If hemoglobin is lowered, this suggests a possible anemia or hemorrhage, and severely increased talk about dehydration, blood diseases and certain types of heart failure.
These are the blood cells that contain hemoglobin. Normal values in men (4,0–5,1) ⋅ 10 in 12-th class of cells per liter, and for women — (3,7–4,7) ⋅ 10 in 12-th class of cells per liter. In healthy people, the excess of red blood cells may occur at high altitude in the mountains. But this usually indicates a possible disease of the bronchial tubes, lungs, kidneys, liver, heart.
Excess steroid hormones also affect this indicator. The lack of red blood cells tells about the anemia, acute blood loss, chronic inflammatory processes. Sometimes it manifests in the later stages of pregnancy.
This white blood cells, they are produced in the bone marrow and lymph nodes to protect the body from toxins, viruses, bacteria, dying cells. (4,0–9,0) ⋅ 10 9-th degree of cells per liter is the norm for everyone. Excess suggesting inflammation or bacterial infection in the body. It happens that the level of white blood cells "jumps" as a result of strong stress, physical stress or pregnancy.
Viral infection, and analgesics and anticonvulsants reduce the number of white blood cells.
The cells responsible for blood clotting. The normal amount for all — (180-320) ⋅ 10 9-th degree of cells per liter. An increased amount could indicate tuberculosis, ulcerative colitis, cirrhosis of the liver. The decrease in platelet count occurs when the use of alcohol, heavy metal poisoning, blood diseases, renal failure, diseases of the liver, spleen, hormonal imbalance. Some medications (antibiotics, diuretics, digoxin, nitroglycerin) also reduce platelet count in the blood.
- ESR or RBE
The erythrocyte in vitro. Rate for men is 2-10 mm/h and for women 2-15 mm/h. This is an important indicator of disease or General condition. High values are observed in infections, inflammations, anaemia, kidney diseases, hormonal imbalance, shock after injuries and operations, during pregnancy, after childbirth, during menstruation. And reduced with circulatory failure, anaphylactic shock.
The value of erythrocyte sedimentation rate in women is always slightly higher than men. Changes in protein composition of blood during pregnancy also leads to increased ESR.
Normal indicators of level of glucose in the blood is 3.5 — 6.5 mmol/liter. Concentrations below these values tells about irregular nutrition, hormonal failures. A high figure indicates diabetes.
- Total protein
The norm is 60-80 g/liter. Falls after strict diets, as well as violations in the work of the liver and kidneys.
- Total bilirubin
Bilirubin — an indicator of liver function. Norma — 20,5 mmol/liter. In hepatitis, cholelithiasis or destruction of red blood cells this figure increases.
The rate of 0.18 mmol/l indicates normal functioning of the kidneys. Exceeding this figure tells about renal failure.
Attend closely to your health and remember that the body always signals the time! And to diagnose yourself without accurate test is meaningless.
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Marina Artemova Loves to photograph the beauty of nature, enjoys handmade. Son Vanya had taught the mother to cope with any household tasks effortlessly: Marina knows how to get the most stubborn stains and to clean the house in minutes. Interested in the most acute, various life issues, never remain aloof from what actually matters! Favorite book Marina — "gone with the wind" by M. Mitchell.