Sapsana and restore the number of tigers

With significant support from the governments of India, Thailand and Russia restored the numbers of tigers.

As you know, tigers are under threat of extinction: today there are only 6 subspecies. Besides, their current habitat is less than the historical range by 93%.

"To restore the number of tigers required a combination of factors, however, without the proper participation of governments will not succeed," said Joe Walston, Executive Director of Asian programs at the Society for the protection of wildlife.

        Steps to save tigers

In Indian national parks Bandipur and Nagarhole by strong patrols, anti-poaching, surveillance, voluntary relocation of people from the habitat of tigers and of the scientific monitoring was to increase the population of these animals.

According to Walston, this was possible only because the Indian state of Karnataka believes that it is important to protect the tigers.

Russian officials are working on a new bill under which transportation, sales and storage under the threat of extinction of animals will be a criminal offence not a civil offence. Thus, the soon to be closed loophole that currently allows poachers to claim they found the animal already dead.

In October last year, Russia also announced the creation of sredneussuriisky refuge with the aim of preserving transboundary corridor between Russia and China. As explained Walston, corridors that allow tigers to move between different areas to breed and establish links. So the population will be more numerous, strong and genetically healthy.

In Thai wildlife refuge, Huancheng had increased patrols to combat poaching. In 2011, the government arrested a notorious gang of poachers, but last year the leaders of the gang were sentenced to deprivation of liberty for a term up to five years — the most severe in the history of the Thailand prison sentences for poaching. Since the gang was arrested, the Park has not been a single case of fraud against the tigers.

Moreover, according to Walston, in 2011, Thailand faced the problem of poaching, and instead of ignoring it, the government recognized the problem and hired 60 new Rangers.

        The numbers of tigers can grow

However, these three success stories are rare bright spots for endangered species, whose numbers continue to hover at record lows lows due to the lack of nutrition, destruction of habitats and poaching.

According to estimates of environmental services, in the wild, there are only 3 200 tigers.

Yet, as noted Walston, the success of India, Thailand and Russia prove that these animals are not doomed, and it is hoped that other countries will follow this example.

The walston also added that saving tigers has other benefits. "When we take measures to protect tigers, we are actually saving a number of species that are maybe not as charismatic or attractive, but equally valuable and are also at risk of extinction."


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