In all ages people were afraid of snakes. However, in many cultures, they enjoy a high honor and great respect. We present you some interesting facts about these reptiles.
Among land snakes, most have a temperature sensor on the head. These include snakes such as pythons, vipers and Boas. The body is presented in the form of pits. These pits are heat and very sensitive to temperature changes by only 0.002 degrees. Thanks to this feature, the snake is guided in the dark and in the dark it is easy to obtain its food.
— Different types of snakes poisonous glands develop differently. All the poisons that set the snake are considered very complex substances. They are composed of dozens of different toxic components. These substances harm the heart, DNA, and nervous system. In addition, the snake venom contain such enzymes, which can break down natural barriers and tissues. This helps spread poison throughout the body.
— This kind of as a spitting Cobra, can not only neutralize the victim of a bite, but spit venom. This spit can hit the target from a distance of 3 meters. At the time when the Cobra to aim, she lifts the front of your body (usually 1/3 of the body) and aims it in the eye to hit the mucous membrane of the eye.
— A representative poisonous snakes like the Black Mamba is olive, brown or gray. Never her color is black. The bite of this snake is very dangerous. The mortality rate of victims – from 95% to 100%. In addition to the danger posed by the poison, the snake is endowed with the incredible speed of 16 to 20 kilometers per hour. Interesting fact: in Australia, home to 7 of the 10 most dangerous snakes.
— The structure snakes Zudov has a significant difference. They have two rows of teeth in the upper jaw. The lower jaw has only one row. Like teeth, like fangs, tend to be replaced over the life of reptiles.
— And did you know that a body such as the heart, the snake has the ability to move from one location to another? Nature has considered this option in order that the food passed through the digestive tract more easily.
— Colour of the African snake is very similar to a poisonous snake, although he is not dangerous to humans. Thanks to this feature, the predators think twice before attacking. African really eats the eggs of birds. The head size of this type of 1 centimeter, but this does not prevent him to swallow the eggs in 5 — 6 times larger than the head. This is possible thanks to the structure of the lower jaw of an African snake. The fact that the jaw is not monolithic. It consists of two bones, which are at odds and it allows the fish to swallow food, the size of which exceed the size of the head on many times. At the moment when the egg is certainly swallowed, starting to work 2 vertebrae, which perform the function of push of the shell.
— Some members of the snakes have over 300 pairs of ribs.
— When the snake shows the language is in any case not a threatening gesture. A snake sticks out its tongue in order to obtain information about the environment and about objects. After a couple of strokes, language carries information.. This place has the ability to recognize the information.
— A rattlesnake has on his tail "rattle" consisting of layers. They can be from 6 to 10. The number of layers are formed after molting reptile. After every time to the "rattle" is added one layer at a time.
— Internal organs in the body of a snake are placed one after the other. What is interesting is that all snakes are endowed with a large left lung. And some representatives of the right lung is non-existent.
The Calabar boa has a blunt tail resembles the head. When the snake feels threatened, it curls up in a ball, before predator appears to be the tail and not the head.