Next year in Russia will begin production of solar panels based on semiconductor heterostructures. Efficiency of such panels is two times higher than at present, and the cost is lower. In the development of the panels was attended by Zhores Ivanovich Alferov, Russian winner of the Nobel prize in physics.
"The invention Alferov will be the basis for the production of solar cells of new generation,- says Evgeny Terukov, head of the laboratory of physico-chemical properties of semiconductors of the Institute named after A. Ioffe. Now it has become possible due to the fact that silicon fell ten times, and it is a critical component of semiconductor heterostructures".
According to Terukov, with modern technologies of making solar panels is a thin layer of silicon is applied on a substrate of glass. Efficiency of such panels 12 percent maximum. If the glass is completely replaced by silicon, the efficiency is doubled.
New solar panels will be used for the construction of Autonomous power systems with a capacity from 100 kW in remote regions of Russia —in the Altai, in the far East, the Caucasus and in the Crimea, — said Evgeny Terukov. Academician Alferov is working on improving solar panels. In addition to the Nobel prize, he has many other awards. In particular, in 1996 he was awarded the prize named after A. Ioffe for the cycle of works "Photovoltaic converters of solar radiation on the basis of heterostructures".
"The goal of my research is improving the efficiency of solar panels. In ten years, photovoltaics will be cost-effective, and by 2050 may displace energy from burning hydrocarbons and nuclear energy," — said the academician Alferov. published
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