In early May, on the southern coast of the Crimea, where blooming tulips, lilacs, bobovnik, Judas-tree, wisteria and other plants begin their bloom the earliest roses, among them are real rarities - 4 climbing ancient Chinese Rose: Rose White 'Lady Banks' Rose yellow "Lady Banks' rose Fortune rose and yellow terry Fortune.
Rose yellow "Lady Banks'
Rose yellow "Lady Banks' (Rosa banksiae 'Lutea', syn. Var. Lutea). Sometime in 1824 the botanist John Parkes brought from China to England zheltotsvetkovuyu unusual form known since 1807 and has grown in British gardens Chinese Lady Banks rose with flowers of white color. The look is named after the wife of the director of the botanical gardens of Kew, Sir Joseph Banks, Lady Dorothea Banks.
Unique features of this climbing rose, which reaches a length and a width of 6 m, - elegant golden yellow double flowers, with a diameter of 2 cm, evergreen leaves, no thorns, the ability to fine winter on the southern coast of Crimea without shelter, despite its subtropical origin <. br>
A remarkable feature of yellow roses Lady Banks on the southern coast of Crimea is its extremely early flowering in late April - early May. It allows you to create from her beautiful compositions with contrasting color wisteria, flowering at the same time.
White Rose 'Lady Banks'
White Rose 'Lady Banks' (Rosa banksiae var. Alba, syn. R.b. 'Alba Plena').
This rose is characterized by: still greater lengths up to 12 m, width up to 6 m, evergreen leaves, no thorns, pure white double flowers with a diameter of up to 2, 5 cm, with a delicate tea aroma with notes of violets; being a native of subtropical China, it rose nevertheless perfectly winters on the southern coast of the Crimea; one of the bushes of roses growing in the United States, listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest single rose - it stretched to the pergola sprouts, decorated with flowers 200 000 cover an area equal to a football field (0, 7 hectares)
Such a wonderful rose was discovered on the South-East of China botanist William Kerr and in 1807 sent him to the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. There botanist Robert Brown described a new species of rose and named it in honor of the wife of the director of Kew, Sir Joseph Banks Lady Dorothea Banks, who was keen on all that has been associated with China. Within 10 years after the discovery of species for science Lady Banks Rose appeared in the Nikitsky garden. Bushes of roses on Palm alley Lower Park Garden planted in the first half of the XIX century.
Fortune Rose (Rosa fortuneana) - it ranotsvetuschaya rose with white double flowers, it is named after the Scottish botanist Robert Fortune, who lived in 1812 -1880 years. In 1842, Robert Fortune was sent to the London Horticultural Society in China to collect plants. He is 3 years traveled the country, boldly penetrating into areas closed to foreigners, and brought to Europe more than 200 species, varieties and forms of exotic plants, including 5 species of roses. One of them, found by R. Fortune in Shanghai gardens, the English botanist John Lindley in 1850, Fortune named a rose in honor of its discoverer.
Genetic studies revealed that Rose Fortune is a descendant of Lady Banks rose, although it has a much larger, double flowers. Rose Fortune on the southern coast of the Crimea can often be seen blooming in the trees, such as cedars Yalta embankment. The old copy of roses in the Upper Park Nikita Botanical Gardens planted in the first half of the XX century.
Rose Fortune yellow terry
Rose Fortune yellow terry (Rosa fortune's 'Double Yellow') - is an ancient Chinese variety, discovered by Scottish botanist Robert Fortune in 1845 in the port city Ningbo (East China), in the gardens of a senior official
Fortune thought Fortune's Double Yellow Rose most beautiful yellow terry winding rose and did not doubt that soon it will take place among the climbing roses mistress. However, this was prevented by the low winter hardiness varieties: it is suitable only for growing in warm regions, where it reaches a considerable height
In California, where Fortune's Double Yellow rose is known under the names associated with a local place names - Beauty of Glazenwood and San Raphael Rose, her bushes, climbing on trees, reaching an enormous size, and they are dissolved to 10,000 flowers
On the South Coast of the Crimea rose Fortune's Double Yellow does not suffer from the winter cold. The collection of the Garden she came from Alupka park estates of Count Vorontsov, where there were windows in front of the Chinese cabinet Countess. Two bush growing on Palm alley Lower Park, were planted to the centennial of the Garden, in 1911