The name "Seven Wonders of the World" has become a household name. This kind of ranking includes the most famous works of art, which, thanks to its beauty, uniqueness and technical complexity ahead of time. This title is so good that it is used to produce many of today's list of outstanding places. However, the classical Seven Wonders includes only the famous sights of the known world. We will introduce you to just seven wonders of the Ancient World.
The Egyptian pyramids
The oldest of the wonders of the world and the only surviving to the present day, it is believed the pyramid of Cheops near the Egyptian city of Giza. This tomb is still amazing for its size. Its height is almost 150 meters, and the length of each side of the pyramid at the base exceeds 220 meters! For the construction of the pyramid took 2, 3 million stone blocks, each weighing two and a half tons. How the Great Pyramid was built, it is still unclear. After all, it built in about 2540 BC!
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Gardens of incredible beauty among the semi-desert of Babylon were built by King Nebuchadnezzar II, a gift to his wife Amitis. On the bare sandy plain pyramid was built step form. Each tier was covered with fertile soil and planted with a variety of plants that were so lush that hung outside the walls of the pyramid and was not visible. From the side it seemed that this garden is simply hanging in the air. Gardens of Babylon were built in about 605 BC to our time have not survived.
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
Statue of Zeus - the only one of the 7 wonders of the world, which was located in mainland Europe in the Greek city of Olympia. The statue was erected in the V century BC. The great impersonation of Zeus decorate the main temple, built in honor of the god. Dimensions statues to admire. Zeus was sitting height of about 15 meters. It was as if he wanted to get up, then smashed to the roof. The statue was made on a wooden frame, which was lined with ivory and inlaid with gold. At the beginning of the V century statue of Zeus was taken to Constantinople. Unfortunately, the statue was burned in a fire in 476.
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
Luxury church in the Turkish city of Ephesus was built in 550 BC in honor of the goddess Artemis. Beautiful building of white stone lasted about two hundred years, and in 356 BC was burned Gyrostat, who decided to become famous in this way. Shortly thereafter, the temple was restored in the form of even more luxurious. However, in the III century it was finally destroyed by the Goths.
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus
This is familiar to us the word "mausoleum" comes from the name of Carian ruler Mausolus, which was built for the very luxurious tomb. This tomb was erected in the middle of IV century BC in the city of Halicarnassus, which was located on the territory of present-day Turkey. The huge brick building had a length of 60 meters and reaches a height of 46 meters. Outside the mausoleum was lined with white marble. Construction staid 19th century and collapsed in the XIII century by a strong earthquake.
The Colossus of Rhodes
The statue of the god Helios on the island of Rhodes was truly enormous. Its height was about 60 meters, and, according to contemporaries, between the legs of the Colossus could sail ships. The sculpture was made of clay on a metal frame and clad with sheets of bronze. This wonder of the world existed long. Barely 65 years after the erection of a statue in the quake buckled at the knees, and Colossus collapsed. It is hence the expression "colossus with feet of clay».
Lighthouse of Alexandria
If all previous miracles were built for religious motives or to amuse vanity of the rulers, the Lighthouse of Alexandria performs a very useful function. It was built in the III century BC on the island of Pharos near the Egyptian city of Alexandria. Lighthouse served as an excellent reference point for the ships and helped pass the reefs on the way to Alexandria Bay. The height of the lighthouse of Alexandria, reached 135 meters, and the light from it is subject to more than 60 kilometers. Lighthouse has stood for nearly a thousand years, but in 796, was badly damaged by an earthquake. Subsequently, the Arabs came to Egypt built a fortress on the site of a lighthouse, which stands to this day.
It is unbelievable that such masterpieces can build in the ancient world, having no present-day sophisticated technologies! If you admire the skill of ancient architects, the Share this post with your friends.
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