In the 18th century, Carl Linnaeus founded the modern biological taxonomy. He also spoke of a Homo troglodytes, primitive people living in the caves of the Indonesian archipelago. Although the species troglodytes, which is also called "forest man" was a mistake of the first people rooted title of "cave." This idea fits into the concept of human evolution, people came down from the trees were on the ground, and made homes in the caves and then began to build skyscrapers in metropolises a >. Archaeologists have found artifacts in caves, so consider this place home in the modern sense of the word.
American anthropologist and archaeologist Margaret Conkey, a professor of the University of California at Berkeley, asked a simple question: What do people do all day in the cave? What if we consider the received data over the years in terms of mobile culture - so, what was the Eskimos? Konka decided to search for answers outside the cave.
The last 20 years, Margaret Conkey team investigates the open space at the foot of the Central Pyrenees in France. Her project "Between the Caves & quot; It focused on the Paleolithic, or Stone Age: before people began to lead a sedentary lifestyle. During his time Conkey learned that people in this period were not "cave."
Archaeologists are able to identify the teeth, what time of year the animal was killed. And some animals were available for hunting in a particular area only at certain times of the year - for example, fish. The findings show that people spent in the cave a couple of months a year.
The team studied 360 plowed fields, vineyards, crops of sunflowers and different cultures in the Ariège. According Conkey, plows pulled out all the artifacts to the surface, so there were many findings immediately. Among them - the flint tools.
On the ridge of the team accidentally found artifacts - they literally jumped out from under the horses' hooves. In this area, there were hundreds of stone tools, and excavations have led to the flagstones. These plates can be a part of the house outdoors, their age - about 17,000 years. Yellow, black and red dyes suggest that early humans used them to draw, including the body.
House people did have a source of silicon and used tools made from this material. Some tools have been found after the establishment had been modified by later generations. But the mobility of people confirmed pieces of flint, which brought here from distant regions - sometimes located more than 200 kilometers. People had to make long journeys, submit materials to each other.
Margaret Conkey offers
talking about the people of that time did not like the "homeless" and as "an ambitious space."