Spacecraft Solar Probe Plus will go on record closer to the Sun.






And no wonder, because the spacecraft will enter the atmosphere of the sun. Not the hottest layers, of course, but the temperature there, where is going to probe decent.

This spacecraft will be gathered all the technological developments of recent times, with respect to the Sun and his research (as well as protection from the sun itself).

The project aims to gather the most detailed information about the Sun and its influence on the Earth, including the biosphere and the noosphere, so to speak. However, before the launch of the probe is still far - it is planned that Solar Probe Plus fly to the sun, only in 2018, in the summer.

After starting the probe did not immediately approach the Sun at the minimum distance and will carry momentum around the world. It is planned to make 24 turns, with a gradual approach to the 6 million kilometers. The previous record sblizhaniya the Sun belongs to the machine "Helios-B", which is close to 42 million kilometers.

The design of the Solar Probe Plus will use the shield previously have proved effective during the flight station Messenger to Mercury. This screen allows you to withstand very high temperatures up to 1400 degrees Celsius. Will be used and solar panels with active cooling, and all other methods of protection against heat and noise.

At the Solar Probe Plus will be five major scientific systems. This Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons (SWEAP), Wide-field Imager for Solar Probe Plus (WISPR), Fields Experiment, Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (ISIS) and Heliospheric Origins with Solar Probe Plus.

With these tools, scientists hope to obtain detailed images of the solar corona stereometric, study the composition of the solar wind, to get information about electromagnetic fields and radiation, explore the solar atmosphere, and perform a number of related research.

Source: habrahabr.ru/post/226655/

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