Facts about the exotic and tropical fruits

I think you will be interested to know how and where to grow a variety of strange and exotic fruits that are on the threshold of a new year always appear on store shelves.

How to grow bananas

Homeland bananas are the tropics of Southeast Asia.
As food bananas cultivated in the tropics.
At temperatures below 16 C, the growth slowed down significantly, and at 10 C - stops at all.

Contrary to popular belief, bananas do not grow on the palms.
Banana plant - a grass height of 5 meters, pandanus.
With thick, up to 20 centimeters of grass stem.

In Russia, the bananas grow in the vicinity of Sochi, but the fruit does not ripen to a state of suitability for food.

How to grow olives

Olives - it's the fruit of the cultivated olive tree species - olive.
It is an evergreen subtropical tree height of 4-5 (10-12) m. (Photo by Francesco Quarto):

According to the international terminology, there are black olives -
ripe fruit of the olive tree and green olives
- Unripe fruit of the olive tree. In Russia, called the fruit of olives green (unripe),
called black olives olives (ripe). This division exists only in Russian.

How to grow avocados

The English name of avocado tree and fruit of the same name - alligator pear («alligator pear").
Avocado - a fast-growing tree, reaching a height of 18 meters. The trunk is usually straight, highly branched.

Avocado - spherical or oval fruit that often looks like a bulb length of 5-20 cm, weighs 0.05-1.8 kg.

Where growing durian

Durian - a tropical tree of the family Malvaceae, whose fruit -
fruit is famous both for its taste and smell.
Homeland durian is Southeast Asia.

Durian grows on tall trees up to 45 meters high.

This is a great fruit. They weigh more than 5 kg, have a very hard shell covered with spines.
To understand the scale of durian.

How to grow watermelons

Watermelon - a plant family Cucurbitaceae. Homeland of watermelon is South Africa,
where it is still found in the wild.
Watermelon is often placed in the tombs of the Pharaohs as a food source in their afterlife.
In Western Europe, watermelons have been delivered in the era of the Crusades.

Watermelons grow almost as cucumbers. Paul called the melons, which are drawn on the ground long lashes.
They are formed and watermelons:

Interesting fact: a world record weight of watermelons is about 119 kilograms.

How to grow mangoes

Mango - a sort of tropical plants and the name of the fruit with a sweet flavor and fibrous structure.
This plant - one of the national symbols of India and Pakistan.

Evergreen mango tree has a height of 10-45 meters; Crohn's tree reaches a radius of 10 meters.
Flowering mango tree:

Mature fruits hang on long stems, and weigh up to 2 kg.

Where grow figs

As you might guess, dates grow on the date palm. Since ancient times, dates
used by man as a high-value food.
The sale usually comes as a dried fruit.

Date palm grown in IV century BC in Mesopotamia, which is located on the territory of modern Iraq.
Date palm brings high yields for 60-80 years.

How to grow papaya

Homeland papaya is south of Mexico, Central America and northern South America,
but it is now cultivated in all tropical countries.

Papaya or papaya - low slender tree with a thin, devoid of branches trunk height of 5-10 meters.
The flowers develop in the leaf axils, turning into a large fruit with a diameter of 10-30 cm and 15-45 cm in length.

As a growing drain

Total known several hundred species of plum, distributed,
mainly in northern temperate regions of the globe.

Plum tree usually has a height of 6 meters:

Blooming plum tree:

How to grow grapefruit

Grapefruit - subtropical evergreen tree genus Citrus.
The first told the world about the grapefruit botanist priest Griffiths Hughes in 1750, the year.

The name is derived from the English. grape (grape) and fruit (fruit), as fruits of grapefruit often gather in clusters,
thereby reminding grapes.

Evergreen tree is usually about 5-6 meters in height,
However, there were cases when the trees reach the height of 13-15 m.
The fruits reach a diameter of 10-15 cm. The average period for which
the fruits ripen, approximately 9-12 months.

Where grows grenades

Pomegranate - a genus of shrubs and small trees with thorny branches, reaching a height of 5-6 meters.

With one tree usually collect 50-60 kg of fruit. A tree lives for about 100 years.

Garnet comes from Persia, and his name in Latin means "grainy", "faceted".
According to an ancient legend of garnet grains of exactly the same number of days in the year.
But in fact, in the garnet can be more than a thousand grains.

Where the coconut growing

The scientific genus name comes from the Portuguese word coco («monkey") and given due spots on nut,
that make it look like a monkey's face. Homeland coconut palm is not known exactly
- Presumably it comes from South-East Asia (Malaysia).
Now it is ubiquitous in the tropics in both hemispheres.

Coconut palm - a tall tree (up to 27-30 meters).
Trunk - 15-45 cm in diameter, leaf length of 3-6 meters:

Coconuts grow in groups of 15-20 pieces, fully maturing within 8-10 months.

How to grow pineapple

Pineapples grow in tropical South America and south to Argentina and Paraguay.
Pineapple - terrestrial herb with prickly stems and leaves.

Orderly rows. Pineapple Plantation.

Gathering pineapples.

Pineapples weigh from 2 to 15 kg and resemble big shot:

How to grow oranges

Oranges growing on orange tree height from 4-6 up to 12 meters.

Homeland orange is Southeast Asia.
European travelers brought oranges to Europe in the XV century.

In Argentina, for the transport of oranges has been developed even a special aircraft (FMA I.Ae. 38 Naranjero).
Its name (Spanish. Naranjero) translates as "Orange" or "merchant oranges».


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