The greatest technological progress can be observed during armed conflicts. Additional motivation to win, as well as research in some areas, provide extraordinary progress, to achieve which in peacetime could take decades. The Second World War was no exception. Some of the best-known successes, such as the Russian and American space projects in the 60s, emerged with the beginning of German research during the Second World War.
Most of us have watched a program about the secret weapon of the Nazi regime, which, when applied at a different time, could turn the tide and change the outcome of World War II. Earlier, Germany considered itself a nation, standing above others in the scientific development, and made considerable progress in military technology, used in the early stages of the conflict. Then Hitler - perhaps, considering that he had already won the war - began to make a small emphasis on the development of the military during the war. And for some periods it was crucial. When the situation has changed, he returned to Germany to seek high-tech weapons, which was a desperate attempt to return to the previous state of affairs. It is an extraordinary weapon, or «wunderwaffe», came to the scene of military action too late - but what would happen if it came earlier?
WunderWaffe 1 - Vampire Vision
Sturmgewehr 44 was the first assault rifle, similar to modern M-16 and Kalashnikov assault rifle AK-47. Snipers can use ZG 1229, also known as the "Vampire Code," also at night because of infrared night vision device. It was used during the last months of the war.
WunderWaffe 2 - heavyweight tank
German engineers working on a variety of drawings heavyweight tanks. Panzerkampfwagen VIII Maus was the heaviest model, which was produced as a prototype during the war. This tank weighed about 180 tons.
Version Bear, weighing 1,500 tons, bore the 2 800-millimeter guns, as well as the 2 150-millimeter additional rotating tower, located at the rear. To bring this giant movement required 4 diesel engines from German submarines.
WunderWaffe 3 - The world's first cruise missile
V-1 was driven by the turbojet engine. It starts began immediately after the 13 June 1944, the date of the landing of Allied troops in Europe.
V-2, V-1's successor, was the first object made by human hands, which made a suborbital space flight. At a speed of 4000 km / h, V-2, it was impossible to intercept; and it could reach its target at a speed exceeding the speed of sound.
At the V-2 rocket was too high for the level of his time, which made them expensive compared to the destructive power of their small standard warheads. They launched a mobile launch facilities; when they were used against the civilian population, they sow fear and panic among the inhabitants of London.
Approximately 3,000 V-2 rocket was fired on the positions of the Allies, killing around 7,000 civilians and military personnel *; they ceased to run only when the forces of the Reich had been forced to retreat beyond the reach of these weapons. If German forces had more time, the war would have been completely different, because of their military program included nuclear warheads (in development), or chemical and biological variations that have never been used.
* In fact, the Nazi ICBMs were more psychological weapon, combat effectiveness as compared to the cost was extremely low
WunderWaffe 5 - Turbojet aircraft
Applicability of the turbojet engine to the military plane was also one of the areas, runs through the German war machine. Engineers have developed a model and prototype. Also, they have created the conditions for the aircraft entered service before the end of the war. But the number of these machines was not sufficient to change the course of the conflict in favor of Germany. Messerschmitt Me 262 was remarkably advanced - but he did not receive the intensive enhancements for use in combat. However, despite this, Me262 scored more than 500 victories. Shot down 100 German planes appeared.
Ta-183 was designed to be the successor of Me-262. At the end of the war, he was tested in wind tunnels. It is interesting to note that a few years later, the Soviet Union designed combat aircraft fighter a wide-purpose stunning MIG-15, which is the similarity with the German prototype is obvious - even though this information is denied by the Soviet regime.
Ta-183, the German prototype
MiG-15 Design Bureau Mikoyan-Gurevich
WunderWaffe 6 - Suborbital bomber
«Silbervogel», or "Silver Bird" - the name of the tactical bomber suborbital propelled missiles. It has been tested in wind tunnels, but no prototype was never produced. Nevertheless, this is a big step forward in the engineering skill and vision of the future. This was predicted by the whole direction of spacecraft such as the space shuttle use Space Shuttle. German scientists believed that "Silver Bird" with a load of 4000 kg can cross the Atlantic and reach the Americas. The flight was to take place in non-stop operation, with a landing in the Pacific Ocean in Japan.
WunderWaffe 7 - Flying Wing
Flying wing - a spaceship fixed-wing and no fuselage. All the equipment and the crew were located inside the main wing structure. In theory, the "wing" - is the most effective in terms of aerodynamics of the aircraft and the structural weight, mainly - because of the absence of any external components, and also because of the lift construction. However, as was proved later, the complexity and cost of such a configuration is huge, which reduces its practical applicability to modern civil aeronautic machine. Horten H1 made its first flight in 1944. After the war, there were many prototypes based on German research.
Many other fantastic weapons - the modern helicopter, solar gun (which would focus the sun's rays to melt planes) machine to create whirlpools (for creating artificial tornado), or air guns (which could cause unacceptable for airplanes allies atmospheric conditions) - they were manufactured and tested in order to obtain military