There is something terrible in that the efficiency with which the Nazis controlled the whole country, including its population and industry, realizing their sinister plans. Everyone knows about the big three corporations that collaborated with the Nazis. Hugo Boss has created a design awesome SS uniform (as well as the monotonous brown shirts of the Hitler Youth and the SA); Mandate of Volkswagen Hitler designed the "Beetle" and pressed it using forced labor; IBM has developed a punch card, used for streamlining the process of extermination of people by race and class.
However, these were not the only companies that have acted in collusion with the Nazis - other global economic entities, which today still can be found, too, sold their souls to the devil in many ways - and you may be surprised at the sight of some of the names listed below.
10. Chase Bank
If you think a conspiracy Chase Bank (now the JP Morgan Chase) with the Nazis, and not so much amazing. One of the main holders of its shares, Dzh.D.Rokfeller directly financed the pre-war Nazi eugenics experiments.
Between 1936 and 1941, Chase and other US banks helped the Germans to get over 20 million in US dollar terms, while earning more than 1, $ 2 million in commissions - of which Chase pocketed half a round. In those days it was a lot of money. The fact that the German brand, aimed at the financing of the operation, had its source in Jews fleeing from Nazi Germany, apparently, do not hesitate Chase - in fact, the bank adjusted its case after Kristallnacht (the night in 1938, during which Jews throughout Nazi Germany and Austria were subjected to pogroms targeted). Chase also froze the accounts of French Jews in occupied France before the Nazis even thinking to ask him about it.
Henry Ford was itself a notorious anti-Semite, to publish a collection of articles under the charming title "International Jewry. Initial global problem. " Ford even sponsored their own newspaper, which he used as an element of propaganda, accusing the Jews in World War I, and in 1938 received the Order of the German Eagle, the highest distinction of Nazi Germany, which was awarded to foreign nationals.
The German management of Ford released the third military trucks for the needs of the German army during the war, with the broad involvement of prison labor. What is shocking even further - perhaps bonded labor is used in the production of Ford back in 1940 - when the US division of the company still retained full control.
8. Random House
You may not have heard of Bertelsmann AG, but you will hear about the books published by many of its subsidiaries, including Random House, Bantam Books and Doubleday. While in power the Nazis Bertelsmann published Nazi propaganda literature, such as "sterilization and euthanasia - contribution to the applied Christian ethics." She even released a working Willi Vesper, who spoke to an enthusiastic speech at the burning of books in 1933. In 1997, Random House became the focus of the next discussion of Nazism, when added, "personality, fanatically devoted to a particular activity, practice, etc. or the desire to master them "to the definition of" Nazi "in Webster's dictionary, which prompted the Anti-Defamation League to make a statement, according to which the publishing house" understates denies murderous intent and actions of the Nazi regime ».
When you think of Kodak, just stand in front of the eyes of an idyllic family photographs and memories caught on film, but that you should keep in mind is actually - this forced labor, which was used in the German branch of the company during the Second World War. Kodak's subsidiaries in neutral European countries were brisk business with the Nazis by giving them as a market for their goods, and valuable foreign exchange. Portuguese division even lists the profit unit in The Hague, which was then under Nazi occupation. Moreover, the company is engaged not only one manufacturer of cameras - she has mastered the production of fuzes, detonators and other military products for the Germans.
Fanta - flavored drink with orange flavor, which was originally conceived for the Nazis. Quite correctly, the import of ingredients for Coke, which gives the brand its name, has been impeded, so the manager of Coca-Cola in Germany Max Kite invented a new drink, which can be produced from the available components.
In 1941, Fanta debuted on the German market. Mac Kite himself a Nazi was not, but his efforts to maintain the smooth operation of units Coca-Cola throughout the war meant that the company has got hold of hefty profits and with the end of the war could return to the spread of Coca-Cola among stationed in Europe of American soldiers.
Allianz is considered the twelfth largest company in the world of financial services. Not surprisingly, being founded in 1890 in Germany, it was the largest insurer in it when the Nazis came to power. As such, it quickly turned things tied to the Nazi regime. Her head Kurt Schmitt was also the Minister of Economy of Hitler, and the company provided insurance facilities and personnel of Auschwitz. Its CEO is responsible for the practice of paying insurance compensation as a result of the destroyed Jewish property Kristallnacht Nazi state, instead of the eligible beneficiaries. In addition, the company has worked closely with the Nazi state in tracking the life insurance policies of German Jews sent to the death camps, and during the war in favor of the insured property the Nazis seized from the same Jewish population.
Although Bayer and is notorious because begins its journey as a division of producer gas Zyklon B, used by the Nazis in the gas chambers, it is not the only pharmaceutical company with skeletons in the closet. The Swiss chemical companies Ciba and Sandoz formed by the merger of Novartis, glorified above all their medication Ritalin (notorious psychostimulant widely used in the US to treat childhood hyperactivity; approx. Mixednews). In 1933, the Berlin branch of Ciba terminate the powers of all members of its Board of Directors of the Jewish nationality and replaced them with more "acceptable" Aryan personnel; Meanwhile Sandoz was occupied by similar activities in relation to its chairman. During the war, the company made for the Nazis dyes, pharmaceuticals and chemicals. Novartis frankly admitted his guilt and tried to make amends for its characteristic of other firms accomplices way - by donating $ 15 million to the Swiss compensation fund for victims of Nazism.
In 2000, Nestlé in connection with the use of it at the time of slave labor paid to the fund over 14, $ 5 million for the settlement of claims affected by its actions and individual Holocaust survivors and Jewish organizations. The company has made a recognition that in 1947 it acquired the company, which during the war used the forced labor and stated: "there is no doubt either can be assumed that some corporations from the group Nestlé, operating in countries controlled by the National Socialist (Nazi) regime exploited forced laborers. " Nestlé in 1939 in Switzerland has provided financial assistance of the Nazi Party, as a result of winning a lucrative contract to supply for the needs of chocolate throughout the German army during the Second World War.
BMW confessed to use during the war forced 30 thousand unskilled workers. These prisoners of war, forced laborers and prisoners of concentration camps to produce engines for the Luftwaffe and thus were forced to help the regime to protect themselves from those who tried to save their own. In wartime, BMW has focused solely on the production of airplanes and motorcycles, without claiming anything other than to be a supplier of military vehicles for the Nazis.
1. General Electric (GE)
In 1946, the US government has imposed a fine on General Electric in connection with its misconduct in wartime. Together with Krupp, a German industrial company, General Electric deliberately overstated the price of tungsten carbide, which is a vital material for machining of metals needed for the war effort. However, being fined a total ease to some 36 thousand dollars, General Electric only is this fraud took about half a million dollars, thus preventing the mobilization and raising the price of the victory over Nazism. GE, moreover, before the war broke out, bought a stake at Siemens, what made itself complicit in the use of slave labor for the construction of the very gas chambers where they found their end many sick workers.