On motives of the theme
The idea of the development of models of high-speed car came from the manufacturer of tractors Ferruccio Lamborghini in the early 60-ies. By that time in his "stable" were cars Ferrari, Osca and Maserati, but none of them was perfect in all respects.
Not known for certain, for whatever reason, Lamborghini decided it did establish his own company, but in most versions of the story is said about the fact that the venerable Ferruccio Lamborghini once fell out with the owner of Ferrari Enzo Ferrari. It is said that once personally visited the factory Lamborghini Ferrari and complained that his car the Ferrari 250 GT knocks grip and it would be nice to improve its quality. But in response, he was advised not to go into the matter in which he does not understand. Like, do best with their tractors, and the theme of fast cars not poke your nose. (In one version of the Ferrari just kicked him, saying: "I do not like my car - try to do better!»)
Offended by this rebuff, Lamborghini was not too lazy to climb on the inside of his Ferrari 250 GT, made out transmission and found that Ferrari puts on his part model from the same manufacturer as that of his tractor. So it was not difficult to find in the warehouse the necessary details that helped solve the problem.
So Lamborghini had the idea of creating your own car to be superior to all others. For the development of the engine, he invited me to the work of the engineer Giotto Bidzarini, who had engaged in similar work at Ferrari and has already created the engine Ferrari V12. Actually, the same V12 Ferrand planned to install on your car.
So already in 1963 at an auto show in Turin it was displayed a prototype of the new car brand Lamborghini 350GTV, decorated with the logo of the bull (in honor of the zodiac sign of Lamborghini - calf). And then the same Lamborghini 350GTV entered the serial and sale, by the way, enjoyed great popularity among motorists.
Then, the market appeared Lamborghini 400GT, sales of which were so successful that the proceeds enough to develop the first model of the supercar.
So soon Lamborghini announced the release of Lamborghini Miura, which was the automotive legend. Ferruccio Lamborghini personally presented the prototype of a new model of the same in Turin Auto Show in autumn 1965 and the spring of next year in Geneva was exhibited working version of Lamborghini Miura. Sales of the new car has exceeded all expectations: in 1967 in Europe was sold 111 cars, which brought the company worldwide fame.
However, Lamborghini did not stop there, and in 1971 released the following revolutionary model - Lamborghini Countach. This car was the highlight of the auto show in the next three years, although the company has not started the serial production of this model until 1974. The main feature of the new model was entirely new for the time doors open vertically. Furthermore, it was equipped with a powerful motor 4 liter and rear inlets.
The delay in the mass production of Lamborghini Countach was no accident: in 1972 the company experienced a serious crisis when South America terminated the Lamborghini with a major contract for the supply of tractors. So Ferruccio was forced to sell its stake tractor manufacturing concern Fiat. So this part of the business Lamborghini began to gradually move into the hands of German manufacturers, so now produces Lamborghini tractor Same Deutz-Fahr Group, but the brand Lamborghini Trattori preserved.
Sales Lamborghini Countach were going well, so that the company managed to stay afloat. Moreover, by the mid 70's automobile production first came to self-sufficiency, and then start to make a profit. However, Lamborghini still decided to sell its stake in the company. It is divided between two investors from Switzerland - Henri Rossetti (Henri Rossetti) and Rene Leimer (René Leimer). The very same company founder lived until 1993 in the status of a retired industrialist and died at the age of 76 years.
After some time after the Lamborghini retired, the company's position on the market deteriorated dramatically. The reason of this was, and the oil crisis and the problems in the marketing policy. The fact that cars Lamborghini so popular that orders were distributed to 2 years in advance. Naturally, many customers did not suit such a long waiting period. And then there began shortages of spare parts and financial problems. So the problem is worsened to such an extent that in 1978 the company was forced to begin bankruptcy proceedings. According to the court it bought Swiss brothers Mimra.
Another surprise for the analysts of the market was the purchase of the company's concern Crysler. Just at this time, Lamborghini engineers have been working on a new model Lamborghini Diablo, which is a logical continuation Countach. In parallel, significant resources have been invested to modernize production itself, so the company was able to rise again to the world level.
Again Lamborghini passed from the hands of one owner to another, when, in 1994, Chrysler Group has sold its investment M'tec (Megatech) from Indonesia. Chrysler then experienced serious financial difficulties, and the head of Tommy Suharto M'tec (Tommy Suharto) took advantage of a good opportunity. Then in 1998, Lamborghini sold the company's Audi AG
The new owners had great technical capabilities, which allowed to release the Lamborghini supercar fundamentally different level. The new model is called Lamborghini Murciélago.
Today, Lamborghini cars are recognized worldwide as one of the most powerful and expensive cars serial assembly, other than exclusivity. Each model that lets the company has unique technical innovations. This may be a body of carbon fiber, high-tech V12 engine, etc. Car design luminaries developing world of industrial design: Franco Scaglione (Franco Scaglione), Mario Marazzi (Mario Marazzi) and Marcello Gandini (Marcello Gandini)
At the time, Ferruccio Lamborghini decided that its cars will not take part in the races. And while he remained head of the company (until 1972), Lamborghini did not let the auto racing models.
But later, under the leadership of Rossetti, the company's engineers in collaboration with designers BMW started developing the car for racing. However, Lamborghini was unable to fulfill its part of the work, so that the model is eventually finalized the sports department of BMW, and this model was sold under the name BMW M1.
Only in 1986 the company managed to create a model of Lamborghini QVX, which was supposed to race the group «C». But then the problems started with the sponsors and has built the car missed the entire season. As a result, the model took part in only one race on the track "Kyalami" in South Africa, and although it showed good results, the company decided to suspend the project.
However, attempts to move towards racing cars continued. In the early 90's Lamborghini V12 engines are engaged in supplying car Larrousse, Ligier, Lotus and Minardi, who participated in Formula-1. And in 1991, the company has even set up his own team, which, however, appeared only one season. In 1993, the same engine, but under the Chrysler brand tested the McLaren, but in the end preference was given to engines Peugeot. So that Chrysler chose to close the unpromising project.
Diablo 6.0 GTR
When, in the late 90's (1996 to 1999) were carried out race one model Diablo Supertrophy, Lamborghini has participated in these two modifications Lamborghini Diablo. In 1996, it was the Diablo SVR, the next three years - Diablo 6.0 GTR.
Finally, to participate in races FIA GT Championship and the 24 Hours of Le Mans Lamborghini developed a model Lamborghini Murciélago R-GT. Moreover, the best result, which was achieved this car - the third place at the opening of the championship FIA GT. Then, the race took place in Valencia and car fielded a team Reiter Engineering.
Lamborghini Gallardo SE
Source: All Internet, unsigned photograph taken with www.lamborghini.com