Seeing all this enthusiasm for the young generation of our wonder-weapons such as poplar, Abakan, T-90, and so other fantastic brother, who can see my grandchildren, I want to remind you about the versatile tool that serves both for defense and for the attack, tool, which went into battle our great-grandfathers, grandfathers, fathers, brothers, we are walking, our children and grandchildren will go too - SMALL SHOULDER Infantry (small entrenching shovel, saperka, etc.) I would like to draw their eyes
MAT-50 (Entrenching tool, length 50 cm) - wearable entrenching tool for digging a trench under a single enemy fire. In other cases, the most commonly used sapper shovel, which is transportable entrenching tools.
It is widely known and common misnomer MPL-50 - sapper shovel. Sometimes the verge sharpened shovels, and the handle is attached lanyard. This shovel can be used as a weapon in the melee, as well as throwing weapons. Infantry shovel Western armies are usually made of light alloy and has a D-shaped handle on the end of a handle, and, as a rule, is disassembled folding.
Entrenching tool. This is the official name of the standard-issue.
As we were told in the engineering training with us this blade appeared in the late 19th century to learn from the Kaiser and the Austro-Hungarian army (I could be wrong)
familiar to many picture
Somehow, in the civil, and often in a military environment it for some reason, "Sapper shovel." Meanwhile, this is an infantry shovel. It is designed to entrenching a soldier in combat infantryman. Sappers as it is almost never used. Carries a shovel in a canvas or leather case to your belt on the right side a little behind. In both sharpened shovels downsides. Advantageously sharpened and one (but only one!) From two sides. This increases the ease of use shovel at the passage of the trench, cutting off the roots. Sharpening one side of a blade does not have any effect. Blade sharpening angle depends on the types of soil found in the area and is chosen empirically. Low acuity digging difficult and leads to excessive jams shovels in the ground, which also reduces productivity. The success of this shovel in the ground is an average of 0.1 - 0. 5 cu. m. per hour. Sharing shovel not colored. It should be sanded sandpaper and lightly sear over the fire. Only in this case, the cutting will not slip in your hand, do not require a lot of effort to keep the shovel and will not be engraved corn.
Numerous attempts to improve this shovel, including due to the fact that it was made folding; by eliminating the stalk (shovel-glove); by changing the shape of the cutting edge, etc. However, in all cases, returning to the classic version
At the NATO shovels following problems:
1. blab hinges. Method of treatment: saw off their spine (back side) of the hammer, in very severe cases, replace the bolts and nuts. Minimize cabin - it's still a spade and not an ax.
2. Handle inconvenient for logging. Moreover, as the triangular end of the handle and the cylindrical middle part, mainly because both circular section. Method of treatment: flatten hammer (to oval with an axis ratio of 1: 1.5, no more, in order to avoid loss of strength), one of the sides of the triangular handle. You'll see - to cut once it becomes much easier.
3. Near to the side of the bayonet nut eventually covered with dents (especially from cuttings) that interferes with bayonet lock. Method of treatment: this nut consists of two parts: the actual nuts and rings in contact with a bayonet (it somehow and covered with dents). Detach from the ring nut, when folding shovel pressed him to bayonet lock nut.
About what better shovel:
Soviet lighter, stronger, maintainability, constantly ready for action - it is not necessary to lay out, needs minimal care.
NATO universal, useful when working in the folded position less.
In my memory was that ... In Tbilisi events '89 appeared on television one of the latter-day opposition stated the following -Russian paratrooper of the 104 Airborne Division (stationed in Kirovobad -their current withdrew from Afghanistan) chasing grandmother with 3 km rally on Rustaveli Avenue, caught and killed a shovel ... .On this ZakVO then commander Lt. Gen. I.Rodionov said -if there is such a trooper who drove 3 miles grandmother and could not catch up with him that he had a shovel Zaruba ...
Martial arts techniques are included in the instructions for physical training and MVD MO
there is still
there is such a thing ....
The set is designed for digging trenches, trenches, bunkers and other defensive structures, as well as for regular shooting grenades VOG-25 and VOG-25P. Can also be used as a cold weapon in close combat, as well as ordinary sapper lopatka.Nechto like, shovel-mortar was used in the initial period of the Great Patriotic War, but such weapons were not very effective. This idea still does not give developers the rest, as tempting to add to Sapper shovel function support weapons.
In an embodiment of the grenade wooden shovel removed the cover, which acts as the handle. With emphasis shovels in the ground this product works as a mortar, but have the option of firing with an emphasis on the shoulder or hand. The weight of such a shovel-grenade 2 kg. This design never went into the series. All of these launchers were originally developed as an army weapons, although they are widely used in special operations
Weight and size "Option" is no different from the standard sapper small blades.
Tactics - SPECIFICATIONS
Caliber, mm 40
Used munition kg VOG-25, VOG-25P
Weight standard shovel kg 1, 2
recent attempts to modify
Well, the last pictures
Source: http: //