2 ph and video ... the end will outline
In last year's article underground network of tunnels entangled the whole of Europe and was built in the Stone Age described the strange catacombs of Europe discovered in the nineteenth century still. That's when scientists first got into one of them. In antiquity it was believed that these tunnels dug gnomes.
Legends about dwarfs are very popular in Europe. And around the world. And in Russia? It turns out that our open spaces there was a place underground crumbs. For example, in Siberia. Or, in the Urals. There are not only found their tunnels. Siberian gnomes people called "Chuchkov».
Perepelitsina Andrew, head of the interregional group studying the secrets and mysteries of the Earth and the Cosmos "Labyrinth", which he and his colleagues went on the trail of the Siberian Gnomes:
"... On 7 ver. from Kungur towards Perm in Perm under a stone path has a large hole, which can pass freely adult. The cave arranged Copa small steps. According to popular legend, lived in a cave that was once "Chuchkov" - small people ... "Shamanic plaque. These products are cast by representatives of Chud. Do not act portrayed?
So I wrote in 1925 in his article "unexplored cave" local ethnographer M.A.Blinov, hoping, apparently, that the unusual cave interested scientists. Alas - expectations were not met: a cave in the coming years not only studied, rather lost. Only in the 1990s the famous caver Perm Igor Lavrov to find the article Blinov, I decided to find a cave chuchek. According to the enthusiast, it was not easy to do - too great changes have taken place in that area. Only in 2002 was discovered by a leading ground stroke ...
Alas - though the cave, dubbed Babinogorskaya, proved to be very interesting and extensive, with underground lakes - traces of it in ancient times people could not be found yet. Including "Digging steps." That, however, is not surprising: even if the cave being identified correctly, the former entrance to it is now blocked by a landslide ...
However Babinogorskaya cave - not the only place in the Perm region, where according to legend lived Chuchkov mysterious (by the way, Igor Lavrov and found meaning of the word - in H1H century it meant "grimy"). References to them can be found in the literature, however, is very scarce. Thus, in 1970, issued in the Urals guide literally mentioned in the same sentence Chuchek mountain a few kilometers from the city Suksun. Having reached this neighboring Kungur district center, pass home. Initially, we are waiting bummer - natives almost no living recently at best only know the name of the high-rise. Tales of its legendary inhabitants remembered only Anna Tretyakov. Plaque. Chelovekoptitsa. 13-14 in. Bronze. 6, 2/3, 8 cm. Upper Kama Perm region
- Dwarves lived there, their Chuchkov name! - Interlocutor immediately said, explaining: - No, chuchek themselves even in the old days, no one has seen, there is only a legend that they had gone away, when Russian Urals settled and see ... but what little they have - for sure! From the top of the mountain to the river stairs were made of stone, so that height stupenechki (woman throws her hands on the height of the palm). Several ladders were, I saw them myself! My deceased man has always cleared them. Now, they probably pozatyanulo earth, up there all smashed, rooted out forest ... And the river has long departed from the mountains, it is tempting to our coast. Once fifty years ago, exactly opposite the mountain collapsed Chuchek Beach: open houses, and tunnel. All were surprised, came some people studied said, goes far. Then we come diving, and have got - they told us - disappeared move: collapsed ...
Chud a wonderful
Attempts to bring the Ural among cavers and speleodayverov reference about the "underwater tunnel" led to discouraging results - none of them study in the Mount Chuchek did not hold, and have not heard of such ... Similarly, the archaeological study of its kind to have been conducted. However, the tradition lived about once stunted people either displaced, or knocked-displaced peoples, are prevalent not only in the Perm region, by contrast, spread very widely in the Urals, although dwarf called differently:
- There was a diminutive people - cranks. They themselves, when new population came, buried alive. By Harini a place there, like their graves. Is there any show. In the summer of the Trinity to the people come, remembers them - enlightened me young hunter in Komi-Perm district.
Ethnographer, now editor of the newspaper Kudymkar Helena Konshina summarizes:
- Such stories have a lot of walks. Itself is recorded. Usually they say that these dwarfs, Chud, how often they were called, were buried themselves as conquerors arrived: Dig a hole, put a roof on poles, posts hem ... There were long heard moans and cries from the ground. Until now, there people come every year. Ancestors Chud did not believe, but still respected. On the site of one of their "grave" even put the cross.
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The well-known expert in the Ural tales about P.P.Bazhov undersized people heard since childhood, and he lived in the south of the present Sverdlovsk region: "Most talked about" old people. " These "old men" dragged here all wealth, and then, as we have come to this area, these old people navovse dig into the ground, only one girl left to look after everything. " "Old people were all small. They went underground for one of the driven "salable" and "knew everything inside." "Old people - it's not Russian, and not tatarva to have lived here».
Gnomes, Zetta, LEDs, chakli, Don Bettyr ...
Generally speaking, the legend of the dwarf-prospectors have long been portrayed throughout Eurasia, just call them different: the dwarves, Zetta, LEDs, chakli, Don Bettyr ... However, the Ural tradition the most realistic: underground inhabitants are not "Tom Thumb": the growth of a slightly lower than the average person, the average score with a "teenager". It turns out, quite real African Pygmies even lower legendary underground inhabitants! Yes, and "spirits" come from the world of children's dungeon in the Urals have never considered - a skilled, skilled, but physically weak people displaced by land invaders. From legends and you can even find the features of their social structure and culture. For example, an unusually large number of virgins rulers can speak of matriarchy have chuchek. Not alien to him, and stratification:
"Sirte (so called our heroes Nenets) now live in the land because they can not stand the light of the sun, they have their own language, but they understand the language of the Nenets. Once Nenets, digging in the ground, he attacked the cave in which lived Sirte. One of them said: "Leave us alone, we are afraid of light and love the darkness of the earth, but there are passages, go to our rich, if you are looking for wealth, and we are poor." Samoyed afraid to go dark passages and again blocked the discovery of the cave *. (* N.A.Krinichnaya tradition of the Russian North)
Rich and poor - like all other people! So maybe underground dwarfs and belong to the human race?
For legends often costs even if distorted, but the reality. I tried to look for possible traces chuchek / Chud / old people, not only in folklore, but also among the archaeological record - and it turned out a lot. However, disparate and tend to be unstructured. Still known academician Simon Pallas, on the instructions of Peter comprise a geographic description of the Russian Empire, wrote about "Chud mines" and even found in these household items: mittens and purse. Later in the same century, has Russian academician Ivan Lepekhin wrote:
"All of the land and the current samoyadskaya Mezensky district filled zapustevshimi dwellings of an ancient people. Find a discharge the same in many places in the lake on the tundra and forests in the rivers made the mountains and the hills like the caves with openings like doors. In the caves now acquire the furnace and find iron, copper and clay fragments of household items and, moreover, human bones. Russian called these domovischa Chudskoe dwellings. These are zapustevshie home, according to the Samoyed, belong to some invisible actually called for samoyadski "Sirte».
Particularly impressive is a mystery "Chud casting." All over the Urals found not thousands, but tens of thousands of so-called "shamanic plaque": cast copper and bronze miniatures, depicting animals and people in a wonderfully expressive poses. In 1910, one of the first Russian archaeologists A.A.Spitsyn released a satin with drawings of these gizmos. Learn them and modern archaeologists: the plaques are in many museums in the Urals. Critics even introduced the term "Perm animal style." Surprisingly, in their medieval culture disappear rapidly: in the southern Urals, a little earlier, in the North later. Undoubtedly, under the influence of immigrants who came to the Urals - the Turks, and Russian. Where did all the people of ancient metallurgists? Archaeologists, with whom I have spoken on this subject, shrug part could be slaughtered, part assimilated. However, semi-subterranean dwellings Chud look more abandoned, no visible traces of battles. Where have gone their inhabitants? Sometimes, descendants of Tschudi, left in the taiga, called modern Khanty and Mansi - but, in my opinion, geometric patterns of embroidery have nothing to do with the "Perm animal style».
And suddenly, right legend and Chud went not into the woods, and under the earth? Moreover, the experience of construction of semi-subterranean dwellings and devices ore mines this nation had accumulated a hefty. And there are precedents.
However, if the remains of the underground Tschudi survived to this day - why do not they go to the official, so to speak, contact? It is anyone's guess: maybe underground leaders clearly explain a subject that on the surface of people in the pans fry, you can think of other reasons ... And maybe, cranks, and in fact has completely disappeared ... In any case, it is clear - the initiative in the search for their tracks (and perhaps, you never know, and dwarfs themselves) should belong to us, "the top people." Together with friends, I have many years of dreaming of a major expedition to the Polar Urals. Especially because some of the legends indicate the exact location of "Chud caves."
However, amateurism in this matter is unacceptable! In search should involve not only the cavers, but also archeology, ethnography, in the end, translators of languages of small nations ... Plus - places are very sparsely populated. So it takes a lot of time and the expedition will fly in the not too big, but still very heavy for fans of "penny." Perhaps interest in the search, threatens to open a new, unknown and unexpected pages of Russian history, especially the history of the North, will show the number of sponsors located in areas of interest to us oil and gas companies?
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I have everything)) Thank you all