Inspired by a post on the North Korea
March 29, 1973 for the United States ended the war, remember that today is not very fond of politics, but that will forever remain in the memory of the nation ...
The war that was supposed to be a lesson and a warning for fans of political adventures, but in reality was only one more confirmation of the thesis "History teaches that it teaches nothing».
The struggle for independence.
The struggle for independence
March 29, 1973 the last American troops left the territory of South Vietnam, leaving the Vietnamese themselves to find out their preferences about the political system.
The history of this conflict began when the United States and the majority had no idea where and how to Saigon actually look Vietnamese.
In the midst of World War II, in 1941, on the territory of China was established League for the Independence of Vietnam (Vietminh). The League included various political forces for the independence of the country, while a colony of France.
An important factor that influenced the further development of events was that the leaders of the national liberation movement became communists, led by Ho Chi Minh.
During the war in Vietnam was occupied by the Japanese, after the departure of that in September 1945 the Vietminh divisions, using the anarchy, occupied Hanoi and proclaimed the independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
But France was not going to just let go of its colonies in Indochina. French expeditionary force landed in South Vietnam and took the territories under its control, but failing to capture the northern part of the country.
After fruitless negotiations at the end of 1946 a full-scale war broke out, in which France opposed the Vietnamese communists waged against the colonialists successful guerrilla war.
This confrontation was one of the first hot pockets of the "cold war", which confronted each other socialist countries and the Western bloc led by the Soviet Union and the United States.
Warm Front "cold war»
The United States is extremely worried about strengthening the position of the Communists in Asia. The Communists of Mao Zedong defeated their opponents in China, acute conflict arose in Korea, and the successes of the communist guerrillas in Vietnam were seen as a direct threat to national interests.
However, direct involvement of the USA in the conflict was still far away. Americans instead, since 1950 active in providing military and financial support of France.
It did not help: in 1954, France had left Vietnam, virtually admitting defeat. The territory of North Vietnam officially became the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam and South Vietnam was ruled by the Vietnamese, but appointed by the French administration. It was assumed that the country will unite after free general elections, which were to be held in 1956.
However, it is not included in the plans of American strategists. The fact that such electoral victory of the Communists seemed to matter more than likely. As a result, the US-backed South Vietnamese leader Ngo Dinh Diem became, refused to hold general elections and proclaimed the establishment of the regime in South Vietnam, which will resist communist expansion.
It should be noted that the policy of the American protege has been extremely unsuccessful. Having placed in key positions of their relatives, Ngo Dinh Diem contributed to the rapid growth of corruption in the country. Economic reforms alienated the power of the majority of the population of South Vietnam. The persecution of political opponents is caused in response to armed resistance, led by the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam. And if the authorities relied on the support of the United States, the guerrillas - the support of the Communists of North Vietnam.
Since 1959, the escalation of the conflict. The Americans began to send aid to the Government of South Vietnam's first military advisers, then helicopter unit. In 1964, before direct US intervention in the war in South Vietnam was already more than 23 thousand American soldiers.
In turn, the NLF guerrillas were supported not only in North Vietnam, and the Soviet Union, which, for its part, opposed the United States in this conflict.
August 2, 1964 there was a so-called Tonkin incident - an armed clash of the American destroyer "Maddox" and torpedo boats in North Vietnam. This episode will be one of the pretexts for the open US military intervention in the conflict.
In fact, the reason the US military intervention was that US policymakers were finally convinced that the South Vietnamese puppet government, mired in internal intrigues, unable to suppress the growing guerrilla movement.
In early 1965, US President Lyndon Johnson decided to redeploy US troops in South Vietnam and the beginning of large-scale bombing of North Vietnam, supporting the NLF guerrillas.
The US government and the military have gone through what is called a "temptation small victorious war».
The belief that regular American troops easily suppress guerrilla activity in Vietnam, would lead to dire consequences.
In the midst of the war faction of American troops in Vietnam was more than 540 thousand people. The military might of the Americans and their allies (and besides US troops participated in the war department of Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Thailand and South Korea) was significantly greater than that of North Vietnam and South Vietnamese guerrillas, but in Indochina invaders were involved in a grueling guerrilla war in an extremely difficult environment.
We must add to this that with the start of direct US military intervention the Soviet Union has been actively helping expose the bombing of North Vietnam. Especially on the war seriously affected the delivery of the latest Soviet air defense systems, which became cause severe loss of US aircraft and almost knocked out of the hands of Americans this trump card.
The data on the losses the US Air Force during the Vietnam War diverge, but even recognized by the Americans themselves more than 3,300 aircraft are impressive.
The conflict went on, the more it grew fierce. During the war the United States dropped on Vietnam than 6, 7 million tons of bombs, more than twice the amount dropped on Germany in World War II.
The lack of success forced the US army to use "carpet bombing" napalm to burn the territory that led to horrific civilian casualties.
As a result, resistance to aggression increase. The bitterness of the parties grew, and the war turned into mutual destruction. The guerrillas and North Vietnamese military will not stand on ceremony with a priest to him captured American pilots and the Americans began to conduct these punitive actions, destroying all who were suspected of involvement in the guerrilla movement.
The story became a massacre in the village of My Lai, where American soldiers March 16, 1968 brutally killed about 500 Vietnamese civilians, and then burned, and the village itself.
At the same time in the United States flow were coffins of dead soldiers. The senseless war, carrying away tens of thousands of American lives and the lives of hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese, caused an unprecedented growth of the antiwar movement in America and around the world.
By 1972 it became clear that the war has come to a standstill. Not allowing the guerrillas to overthrow the government of South Vietnam, the US Army, despite the loss, it has not been able to crush the resistance of the enemy. As a result, in January 1973 in Paris peace agreement was signed, under which US troops left Vietnam.
The Vietnam War claimed the lives of more than 58 thousand American soldiers, more than 300 thousand injured. More about 1,700 people missing. According to various estimates, from 20 to 150 thousand Vietnam veterans have committed suicide since the war. US Army of the Union of South Vietnam lost in killed about 250 thousand people and more than a million wounded.
North Vietnam and the NLF guerrillas during the war lost 1, 1 million people were killed and up to 600 thousand wounded.
During the war, killed about 2 million civilians.
US withdrawal from Vietnam conflict did not complete. However, an internal confrontation between North and South ended pretty quickly. April 30, 1975 the North Vietnamese army units during the operation, "Ho Chi Minh" took Saigon, South Vietnam, forcing the government to surrender.
Vietnam, against the will of the United States, united under communist rule, despite the enormous human and material losses.
But the lessons of Vietnam, the US military and politicians only lasted for 10 years. In 1983, by order of US President Ronald Reagan, the US army would overthrow the Government of Grenada.
It will take a few more years, and the Yankees will begin the operation "Desert Storm", followed by the invasion of Somalia, the bombing of Belgrade, the war in Afghanistan, the second Iraqi campaign, the bombing of Libya ...
During all these operations will be spilled rivers of blood will be committed war crimes and massacres of civilians.
The superiority in military technology and the lack of a geopolitical counterweight, which was the Soviet Union, the United States now allow the military to swing a club around the world.
It is strange that this date has passed for Yap somehow unnoticed.
Posted in [mergetime] 1364629921 [/ mergetime]
Create a single post. When you add the next page prev lost. The incubator is not shown. "Broken Link". Then all at once we found.
Actually all. Photo dupe of course, because the war ended 40 years ago.