The brainchild of J. Edgar Hoover, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is an American intelligence agencies to combat crime. She began to dominate during the "era gangsters" in the 1930s, when criminals invaded America, smuggling and arranging daily raids on banks. Hoover may have been the most powerful man in America, though not the president. He boldly challenged the decision even US presidents. Hoover was a great manipulator, and his agency was the most ruthless and cunning intelligence agency in the world. Below, I offer you the 10 secret FBI evidence of readiness to challenge the justice throughout the world, and not only in the United States.
10. Ronald Reagan - informant.
Ronald Reagan is known for his presidency in the midst of the Cold War. But he was known before he became head of the "evil empire." Few people know, but he was a Hollywood actor in his early years. Perhaps his most famous role - George "Gipper" Gipp in Knute Rockne, All American. Nickname followed him all his life. Even fewer people know that Reagan and his first wife, Jane Wyman, used his Hollywood connections to inform the FBI of those whom they considered as potential communists. And Reagan was codenamed T-10.
Reagan was a bizarre story with the FBI in 1981, when he was shot by John Hinckley Jr.. Upon arrival to the hospital, his suit was cut. FBI officers immediately entered the fray for the property Reagan - especially for his wallet, which was a code card, launching a nuclear missile. The FBI eventually defeated and confiscated his wallet. They do not return it within two days. Of course, Reagan was not the only president with links to intelligence agencies. George HW Bush spent a year working director of the CIA.
9. Taxes John Steinbeck.
Won the Nobel Prize novelist John Steinbeck began his writing career during the Great Depression and teamed with many leftists and trade unions. As a result of this activity attracted the attention of the FBI, John, is the author examined the length and breadth, but unfortunately for J. Edgar Hoover, in Steinbeck had no skeletons in the closet. To make his life miserable, the FBI has taken steps to seek additional taxes on it. In 1942, he wrote to US Attorney General Francis Biddle: "You could not ask to" boys Edgar "ceased to attack me on the heels? They think that I - enemy alien. It gets tiresome. »
However, perhaps Steinbeck was a lot harder than it seems at first glance. In 1952 he was sent to Europe to write articles for Collier's Magazine. Before leaving, he wrote the CIA, offering his services: "I'll be glad to be helpful. I intend to hold talks with a number of people of all classes that can bring you a kind of advantage. " FBI Director Walter B. Smith replied to a letter requesting a meeting. What happened next is history is silent
8. mafia boss Gregory Scarpa.
Gregory Scarpa was frightening nickname - "Death with a scythe." Scarpa rose from the Colombo crime family, but was arrested in 1962 for armed robbery. Understanding what potential asset they have on hand, the FBI asked him to become an informant, Scarpa and agreed to avoid prison.
For more than three decades, the mafia had a relationship with the FBI. He was brutal and harsh man, and the agency used this as an advantage. According to some sources, in 1964 he was sent to Mississippi to learn the fate of the three missing civil. FBI gave him weapons and money for bribes and hit the road. Not related instructions, which the police are forced to work, he kidnapped a member of the Ku Klux Klan from the store where he worked. Scarpa brutally beat him, then stuck a gun in his mouth and beat until he revealed the location of the graves.
Of course, there was nothing personal in his attack on a member of the KKK - Scarpa was just doing his job. Scarpa met his end, refusing a blood transfusion in the hospital because he was worried that might get African-American blood.
7. The murder of Tina Isa.
Tina Isa was a Palestinian-American teenager living in spite of the traditional values of her family. She has worked in the neighboring house supermarket and met with black. At night, November 6, 1989, she returned home from work and found that parents, Zane and Mary, waiting for her.
Zein Isa told her, "Listen, my dear daughter, you know that this is the last day? Tonight you will die. "We know exactly what he said, because the FBI bugged the house, thinking that Zane has worked on the Palestinian Liberation Organization. Unfortunately, no one is monitoring the line that night, when the recording was made seven minutes of terror - Tina asked her mother for help, but her request, no response. Her mother held her, and her father struck six times with a knife in his chest. Was Zein Isa connected with the Palestinians, is unknown. Both parents were sentenced to death. Zane died in prison in February 1997, and Mary punishment was commuted to life without the possibility of parole.
6. Geronimo Pratt.
Elmer Pratt served twice in Vietnam and had an impressive list of awards. After returning home, he studied political science at UCLA advantage of the GI Bill. He joined the Black Panthers, and changed his name to Geronimo Ji Jaga,. Soon it promoted and he was in an organization called "Minister of Defense". This will automatically put him under surveillance by the FBI. According to FBI documents, their intention was to "neutralize Pratt as an effective functionary anti-government movement."
The Agency received a chance in 1968, when two black men robbed a 27-year-old Caroline Olsen and her husband Kenneth on the tennis court in Santa Monica, California. When they did not provide enough cash to meet the robbers, they riddled with bullets. Kenneth Olsen survived Caroline died 11 days later. Pratt was convicted of a crime and subjected to investigation, organized by the FBI. Full range of their influence is unknown, but according to the information he had been denied a jury, and Kenneth Olsen, who identified Pratt as the murderer of his wife, previously pointed to another person. Also, the FBI intercepted reports that supported the alibi Pratt.
Despite the presence of the famous lawyer Johnnie Cochran, Geronimo Pratt was convicted of premeditated murder and sentenced to life in prison. He spent 27 years, eight of them in solitary confinement. In 1997, his charges were dropped because one of the witnesses against him, Julius Butler, showed that he was an FBI informant. Pratt received compensation of $ 4.5 million for false imprisonment. He died in Tanzania in 2011.
5. Suicide Jean Seberg.
Jean Seberg was a promising young actress in the 1960s and '70s, unfortunately has infuriated the FBI. Seeberg has donated money to several organizations in civil rights, but she crossed the line when given money Black Panthers. In the archives of the FBI has this entry: "The Bureau requires publicize Jean Seberg pregnancy known actress from one of the Black Panthers, refer in this case should be on the Hollywood" gossip columnist "in Los Angeles. Possible publication plight Seeberg may cause her embarrassment and humiliate her in front of the general public. "
They brought their plot to end, Ginny went into premature labor. Her daughter died two days after birth. The family buried her in an open coffin, to show that the child was white skin. Seberg sued Newsweek for publishing an article that contributed to premature birth.
Jin was under constant surveillance, her phone is tapped, the agents were constantly around her. They even broke into her house. Every time she goes abroad, they have collaborated with other agencies to keep track of her. It is believed that she was placed in the black list. Increases the pressure to destroy it psychologically, and she made several suicide attempts.
On the morning of August 31, 1979 Seeberg woke up each one in their Paris apartment. At night she left. She was found 10 days later in the back seat of her car. Apparently it was like a suicide; police found barbiturates and a note to her son, which stated that she could no longer live like this. Her ex-husband immediately accused the FBI that they forced her to commit suicide. Paris police later claimed that someone else was with her, as the alcohol content in her blood was very high, but no alcohol was found at the scene.
MOVE was a group of black freedom fighters, who preached a return to nature. Settling in Philadelphia town house, the municipality closed the windows with plywood and divorce parasites in a compost pile in the backyard. Members of the group stocked firearms and shouting obscene prayers through the bullhorn in the early hours of the morning. Frustrated neighbors pleaded with the authorities to do something, and May 13, 1985 the army of the city authorities, fire and police gathered outside the house to evict a group MOVE.
They refused to leave, police and showered them with tear gas grenades. There was a skirmish, and at 5:30 pm the helicopter dropped a bomb on the house bomb-4. As a result, burned to the ground 61 building, and 11 people were killed, including five children. While the ambulance was close, no one did anything to help.
There was a huge backlash, but one never charged with a crime. The report provided by the authorities reported only that (quote) "drop bombs on townhouse was not good." Four years later, some of the blame laid on FBI Special Agent Michael Makis. Makis Philadelphia police gave 17 pounds of C-4 a few months before the incident in the "educational purposes". Oddly enough, there was no official document confirming this. Despite the fact that he was indirectly responsible for 11 deaths and the destruction of buildings, Makis was punished only deprivation of monthly salary.
History tells us that the Soviet forces in spring 1945 broke into Germany and went to Berlin, forcing Adolf Hitler and his new wife, Eva Braun, commit suicide at about 15:30 April 30, 1945. According to reports, the remains of Hitler and Braun moved several times until 1970, when they were finally completely cremated and the ashes scattered not.
Conspiracy theorists have long argued that Hitler actually escaped his death and went to South America, which actually saved thousands SSovtsev, including Adolf Eichmann and Josef Mengele. When President Harry Truman asked Joseph Stalin in August 1945, whether or not Hitler was dead, Stalin replied in the negative. Assuming that the Fuhrer could really be alive, the FBI began an extensive account of the observations and data on Hitler, some very interesting. Because of the Freedom of Information Act, some of these reports are now available to the public.
2. Violation of the law.
As it was illustrated by the case of Gregory Scarpa, the FBI can be quite ruthless, trying to achieve the goal. In fact, the FBI allowed 15,000 informants to make thousands of crimes each year and avoid justice. According to the document published by the FBI in 2011, they allowed informants to commit crimes and 5658 more than 15 per day.
Unfortunately, the report does not indicate the nature and location of these crimes, but given that the FBI once helped Boston mobster James "Whitey" Bulger to commit several murders, working with him in the 1970s, it can be assumed that some terrible things happen with approval Uncle Sam.
1. The Woman in Red.
To the last point you did not leave the impression that being an FBI informant means to have a license to commit a crime, consider the tragic story of "The Woman in Red". Ana Kumpanas was a Romanian, who moved to the United States in 1909. After a couple of failed marriages Ana turned to prostitution to somehow make ends meet. Unfortunately, it was soon labeled as "foreigner low moral character" and was threatened with expulsion. Fortunately a gentleman by the name of John Dillinger began frequenting a brothel where she worked.
John Dillinger was wanted in the United States, as a man robbing police stations. On his head a reward of $ 10,000 ($ 175,000 is about to date). Ana believed that extraditing him, she could find a way to stay in the country and receive a handsome profit. She went to the FBI, where they came up with a plan. Ana, her friend and Dillinger go to the movies, where she will be dressed in orange (although later outfit was described as red), which will allow the agent to find out and arrest the bank robber.
Dillinger opposed FBI agent Melvin Purvis. Dillinger tried to escape, but was shot. With a dead gangster Ana was no longer needed the FBI, and they quickly changed their words and promises. She was given only half the prize money and expelled from the country next year. Ana did so rude because she did not have anything else to offer the agency, according to some, but others think that there was a darker plot. They imply that the people killed in the movie, was not Dillinger and double, and Anu sent back to Romania to maintain its role in the scheme. Unfortunately, there is no way to ask her - Ana died of liver failure in 1947.