On planet Earth, there are some extreme places where high temperatures puts hot records. Let's absolute "winners».
This burning city in the Afar Triangle, Ethiopia, holds first place for the highest average annual temperature ever recorded. In the period from 1960 to 1966 the average temperature in the Dallol was 34, 4 ° C (during the day the mercury regularly rise above 38 ° C). It should be noted that these figures - annual average, which means that the temperature throughout the year in the Dallol decreases only slightly. Thus, the heat almost never stops at any time of the year. Today Dallol - a ghost town, but in the 1960s it was a mining settlement. The number of modern attractions include the amazing hydrothermal deposits as shown in the photo above. It is also interesting to note that the Afar Triangle, where the Dallol - is volcanically active region, and it is located far from the eponymous volcano. Thus, it seems that the heat in the city goes literally from all directions - from the sun on the top and bubbling lava below.
Tirat Zvi, Israel
Tirat Zvi - a religious kibbutz in Israel, located in the Beit She'an Valley, 220 meters below sea level. Although located near the Jordan River maintains the fertility of the region in the summer months, the sun literally burns up the valley. In June 1942, the settlement was recorded the highest temperature for the whole of Asia - 53, 9 ° C.
To escape the heat, the settlers are often immersed in ponds fed by springs, and each house is equipped with an awning providing shade.
Timbuktu City boasts a rich and fascinating history. Being at the crossroads of ancient Saharan trade routes, it was once a flourishing center of science and the starting point of Islam throughout Africa. Although the city and maintains a permanent population, as well as a place to store the greatest collection of ancient manuscripts of Timbuktu slowly recedes before approaching the Sahara desert. The main problem is the local desertification, as in the city there are large dunes and the streets are often buried under wind-blown sand.
The temperature then rolls over, the heat often recorded at a level above 55 ° C. The good news is that in the cool waters of the Niger River can plunge just 24 km from the city.
Oddly enough, the desert oasis of Kebili in the central part of Tunisia - this is the place where people fleeing the North African heat. At least there is palm trees, providing shade and cooling water. Even so, Kebili no stranger to high temperatures: here the mercury rises to the level of 55 ° C, and the figure of one of the highest recorded in Africa.
However, the city is picturesque and worth a visit, despite the extreme climate. People live here virtually since modern man stepped foot on the surface of the earth: there is overwhelming evidence that Kebili was inhabited 200,000 years ago.
Rub 'al Khali, Arabia
Being the largest continuous sand desert in the world, the Rub Al Khali covers almost a third of the Arabian Peninsula and is located on the territory of Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen and the United Arab Emirates. Of course, it's hot. It's hot and dry. The mercury reaches 56 ° C, and a respite from the heat does not happen, as the normal level of annual rainfall barely reaches 3 cm.
The desert Rub 'al Khali is so inhospitable to humans that it never crossed on foot; until February 2013, when the South African team was able to move her.
El Azizia, Libya
September 13, 1922 the city of El-Aziz went down in history when there the weather station recorded the highest temperature measured directly in the world - sizzling 58 ° C. Record acted 90 years until the World Meteorological Organization in 2012, has not announced that the 1922 data were wrong.
Although the record Aziziyah was written off, there is no doubt that the region is able to show indicators such as the local summer temperatures regularly reach 48, 9 ° C. Moreover, the entry in the Libyan city of Ghadames is also very close to record levels.
Death Valley, United States
Death Valley, located in California's Mojave Desert - this is the lowest, dry and hot region in North America, holds the world record for the highest temperature - 56, 7 ° C. In 2012, the World Meteorological Organization has awarded the Valley of Death, when it turned out that the previous record holder Aziziyah showed erroneous figures.
Although this parched landscape really comes to the limits of the possible, forms of life manage to exist here. By the night of hiding out bobcats, foxes and rodents, and the highest points in the region are food Bighorn. And when the rain falls, from the dungeons appear scorched the plants and cover the bottom of the valley colorful blooms. Sometimes it seems that this is the place - a haven of magic. Death Valley - is home to the mysterious moving stones. They leave your itinerary as proof of the movement, although the process of moving no one has ever seen with their own eyes.
Flaming Mountains, China
Obviously, its name Flaming Mountains, located in the mountain range of Chinese Tien Shan obliged spectacular ravines, rugged base of red sandstone and resembles flames. But the name came for other reasons - these mountains piping hot.
Although due to the lack of direct measurements of the temperature of the weather station is not available, the NASA satellite, equipped with a Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (a device that can measure the temperature on the surface of the planet from space), one of the highest recorded temperature in the history of measurements - 66, 8 ° C. This figure, reported in 2008, was the highest in the world for the year.
Australia - is the driest inhabited continent on Earth, most of it - a vast desert. Since in this region resides few people accurate temperature data virtually absent. In these remote areas there is simply no reason to contain a complex meteorological station.
Nevertheless, there is evidence of local scorching temperatures, especially during periods of drought, when there is no cloud cover to hide the hot sands of the merciless sun. In 2003, which was especially hot because of the southern temperature fluctuations of El Niño, NASA satellite recorded in the so-called region Bedlends temperature of 69 ° C 3.
Dasht-e Lut, Iran
And here it is - the hottest place on Earth. Dasht-e Lut Desert - it's so burnt and abandoned the region, that there is simply no one to regularly monitor the temperature. Yes, there is such a job can be just awful.
While the content of this desert weather station is impractical, NASA satellites were able to measure the temperature from there the space of seven years during the study. For five of those years - in 2004-2007 and 2009 - the hottest place on Earth is becoming a desert Dasht-e Lut. In 2005, the temperature was recorded 70, 7 ° C, and it was the highest rate of the officially confirmed to the world.