In our time, science fiction is no longer a fantasy. Due to rapidly developing technologies, yesterday's science fiction is becoming science fact. Here are a few fantastic stories that have become true ...
Jules Verne became famous for his 1865 book "From the Earth to the Moon" - one of the earliest representatives of modern science fiction. But this futuristic prediction proved remarkably accurate, anticipating the lunar modules, solar sails, and even landing a man on the moon - a hundred years before this "small step for man" became a reality.
Legend of science fiction Arthur C. Clarke once said that any sufficiently advanced technology is by its very nature is indistinguishable from magic. Imagine that a person has the power to make its voice heard at the same time all over the planet. Magic ... or just a communications satellite? In the decade prior to their appearance, Clark described the communication satellites in the book "A world without wires».
When the book by Jules Verne's "Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea" was published in 1870, the submarines already existed a hundred years. They are more or less (probably less) were successfully used during the Civil War, but the inventors could not figure out how to get them to move only with the help of human power. "Nautilus" Verne became an inspiration in many ways it resembles a modern ballistic submarine with an independent propulsion system. And that was not all that he was able to predict the Jules Verne - portable diving system for Captain Nemo was a prototype of the modern scuba gear.
Perhaps they are not as fascinating as robots or death rays, but oddly enough, waterbeds were first described in Robert Heinlein's 1961 "Stranger in a Strange Land". In the Expanded Universe, he said that the idea was "an attempt to present the perfect hospital bed for those who spent too much time in the damn hospital beds." The first modern commercial waterbed appeared seven years after the publication of the book.
Novella 1897 HG Wells' Invisible Man "was the first of many science fiction stories in which the use invisibility. In real life, these days we have a stealth aircraft - which are invisible to radar - and metaveschestvenny camouflage, a substance which is capable of flexing of the light spectrum around them and thus remain invisible to the naked eye. Because of its extreme importance of the military, the real progress in this technology is unknown and certainly is strictly classified. Rumors insist that invisible tanks have indeed possible - and not just because of the technology of electronic camouflage, details of which nevertheless became public.
Flying cars - it is one of the pillars of science fiction. But nowadays a fantasy come true. The famous «Terrafugia Transition Roadable Aircraft» will soon become the first commercially available flying machine, the expected price - 279 thousand dollars. The ability to turn the car into a plane and back to the car at the flick of a switch, it is a tremendous functional toy.
Although the idea of "cosmic pluralism" has been known for centuries, the newcomers in the modern sense did not appear until the later years of the nineteenth century. The novel by HG Wells in 1898 "War of the Worlds" describes a horrific conflict with aliens, but in the end, the aliens are erased from the face of the earth a simple bacterium. Today, astronomers are looking for signals from other civilizations, and NASA plans a mission to Mars and Europe. NASA even taking measures to bring the alien microbes on Earth as the astronauts and lunar samples were subjected to strict quarantine after the first lunar missions.
Mobile phones and Bluetooth
"Kirk the Enterprise; Reception Enterprise "- wait a minute, he had said into a Bluetooth device? Well, actually, yes. Communication devices of Star Trek works much like a modern cell phone, except that allow the use of intergalactic roaming. Small children, who once played James Kirk, once discovered that they were the same unit as him ...
Heat, deadly, and many other types of beam guns are part of the arsenal of classic science fiction. The earliest example was heat rays used by the aliens in "War of the Worlds" by HG Wells, but you can hardly find any tabloid popular science novel that would not be used by any kind of beam weapon. Nowadays some species are capable of military lasers to shoot down missiles flying. A non-lethal guns sound like «Long Range Acoustic Device» (LRAD), used by troops guarding the 2012 Olympic Games.
Scenario Karel Capek in 1920 "Rossumovskie universal robots" gave the world the idea of automatons or artificial people, and for the first time used the word "robot". In the scenario we know robots destroy mankind. This destruction of mankind, thank God, did not become a reality, but it is undeniable that the robots have become an integral part of the modern world - from «Roomba», which cleans your carpets, to the next generation of unmanned combat aircraft «BAE's Taranis». One of the closest in appearance to the human robots - ASIMO, named in honor of Isaac Asimov, who designed the famous "Three Laws of Robotics».
Space tourism - a great example of how science fiction is becoming science fact. For the first time it was depicted in the film by Stanley Kubrick in 1968 "2001: A Space Odyssey", as well as other, lesser-known stories; today provided passengers can pay for a trip to the International Space Station. A growing number of private companies are taking applications for sub-orbital and orbital flights. And in the long term planned hotels in space, and even visits to the moon.
A few years ago, no one was worried about asteroids. Of course, it is possible that one of them killed the dinosaurs, but it happened millions of years ago, and "Armageddon" and "Deep Impact" is just a fantastic disaster movies, right? Perhaps not. NASA is now related to the threat of "a subject close to the world of objects» (NEO) is much more serious, carefully collecting data on potentially hazardous asteroids (PHA). Several observatories even specialize in finding and tracking such objects. Current counter by NASA for space objects, which are able to erase from the face of the Earth life is around five thousand.
The children of the tubes, and genetic engineering
The classic science fiction novel by Aldous Huxley in 1932, "Brave New World" with horrifying accuracy predicted in many respects, the world in which we live today. Huxley got to the point with the foresight of genetic engineering: the children of the tubes, cloning, genetic manipulation, and even design kids - all this is part of our modern world. But in fact the similarity extends even deeper. "Brave New World" showed overwhelming public consumption and well-being a drug called soma - which is very similar to many modern antidepressants.
iPad, e-readers, phones with touch screen - all of them are now not only in the pages of science fiction books, but also in our daily lives. In the late 1960s, members of the starship "Enterprise" was used PADD (personal access display device), to always have access to their computers. "Hitch Guide to the Galaxy" (a valid e-guide that was used in the book) to the extreme like on the iPad with this galactic access Wi-Fi. And remember Tom Cruise, waving his arms in the movie "Minority Report"? This is just one more example of how science fiction anticipates the most popular gadgets today.
Although it is not described as a truly science-fiction story, but, like so many elements of dystopia of George Orwell's "1984" (published in 1949), it seems strangely prophetic. In the era after the September eleventh Big Brother really is watching us. In 2009, the number of surveillance cameras has reached numbers one camera for every fourteen Britons. Cookies and Internet tags allow large companies to collect information about your online habits - often without your knowledge or consent. But if you are not inclined to believe the truth - just listen to the evening news. Government "Dr. truth" - both the foresight of "1984" - are working day and night to convince us that "war is peace, freedom is slavery, and ignorance - it is the power».