Interesting facts about coffee

1. "Coffee should be black as hell, strong as death, sweet as love" - ​​Turkish proverb.
2. 52% of Americans regularly drink coffee. I think that in Russia the share is not much less :)
3. 1 acre (~ 40 acres) of coffee trees can produce up to 5 tons of coffee beans, which after processing become a ton of ground coffee.
4. According to a study conducted by the University of California, the steam that rises from the hot coffee contains some antioxidants in amounts similar to the 3rd Oranges.
5. It is believed that the first sugar added to coffee became king of France, Louis the Fourteenth in 1715.
6. In 1657 the UK coffee was touted as a cure for scurvy and gout.
7. Companies producing large amounts of coffee made of coffee without caffeine. Excerpted from caffeine powder they sell to pharmaceutical companies.
8. Making coffee during cooling allocates more than 700 chemicals that make up its flavor.
9. Coffee Tree "Arabica" can give up to 6 kg of coffee per year, depending on humidity and temperature.
10. Australians drink 60% more coffee than tea, which is 6 times higher than in 1940.
11. Beethoven was so scrupulous in the choice of coffee, each time counting exactly 60 coffee beans when brewing your coffee.
12. Before frying some varieties of green coffee beans they are stored for several years. Experts believe that their taste at the same time improves.
13. The first cafe was opened in France in the early 17th century, but before that coffee was sold in the streets of Arab traders in the original "machines»
14. Brazil produces a third of the world's coffee - more than half a million tons of coffee per year.
15. Since 1850, manual coffee grinder has become an indispensable attribute of the kitchen in the US for the middle class population.
16. Caffeine is banned internationally Olympic Committee. If the athlete's blood more than 12 micrograms of caffeine, he is disqualified. To achieve this level, enough to drink 5 cups of coffee.
17. Lemon added to coffee for several hundred years (before sugar).
18. Coffee as a medicine reached the highest peak in England in the 16th century. While medicine of coffee, butter and honey was administered as a warming in many diseases. Later in this role began to use tea.
19. Coffee beans, grapes, very sensitive to temperature, humidity, pressure, and time of their collection.
20. The coffee is roasted at a temperature of 200-220 degrees Celsius. The longer the process of roasting, the darker the coffee. The duration of roasting on average 10-20 minutes.
21. Coffee is classified according to three criteria - the quality of the grain (variety, height above sea level), the quality of preparation and grain size.
22. Coffee is grown in 45 countries around the world.
23. Coffee - the most popular beverage in the world. Every year, it consumed 400 billion cups.
24. One of the factors contributing to the popularity of coffee - to taste it goes with almost everything.
25. Coffee Recipe from the book in 1844: "A tablespoon of powder in half a liter of boiling water, boil for 20-25 minutes. Leave to infuse for 4-5 minutes. Add the fish peel, slice of fish oil, or half the eggs ».
26. As part of the coffee sold 75% of the caffeine in the United States.
27 bags of coffee are usually made of hemp and weigh about 70 kg when fully loaded. Requires 600 000 grains for filling such a bag.
28. Coffee trees - evergreen, grow up to 5 meters in height, but usually trimmed to a height of two and a half meters to facilitate harvest.
29. Coffee trees are pollinated by yourself.
30. Flowers coffee trees live very long, have a jasmine-orange flavor, and give the coffee beans the size of cranberries. It takes 4-5 years to bring the tree was a sufficient harvest.
31. Coffee was first known in Europe as the "Arabian wine».
32. Coffee, along with beer and peanut butter, included in the top ten of the world's most recognizable scents.
33. Coffee - the most popular product in the world after oil.
34. Coffee beans after roasting treated with special aromatic substances (oils) and cooled. Thus the pores are opened and the beans to absorb a greater amount of the flavoring.
35. Black coffee beans typically contain less caffeine than their lighter counterparts. The longer coffee is roasted, the less caffeine in it.
36. During the American Civil War soldiers received 4 kg of roasted coffee as part of a diet, weighing 50 kg. Soldiers can also choose green unroasted coffee.
37. During the Second World War, governments were consumed more than 130 million kilograms of coffee.
38. Well roasted and ground coffee beans, dissolved in boiling water, still called "Turkish coffee". This recipe has not changed since ancient times, and is currently used in Turkey and Greece.
39. The so-called grade of coffee Hard Bean (hard corn) is grown at an altitude of more than a thousand meters above sea level.
40. In the US, coffee is grown only in Hawaii and is collected in the period between November and April.
41. Coffee in vacuum packaging was first introduced in 1900, the Hill brothers.
42. iced coffee became popular in Japan in 1945.
43. If you love espresso, it is better to use sugar dissolves more quickly than in pieces. It is best to use white sugar rather than dark. And of course, it is better to use sugar, no sweeteners and which alter the taste of the coffee for the worse.
44. The first license to sell coffee was issued Dorothy Jones of Boston in 1670.
45. In 1727, the coffee seedlings were smuggled taken from Paris to Brazil. Now Brazil - the largest producer of coffee.
46. ​​In Italy, the espresso drink is considered to be so important that its price is regulated at the governmental level.
47. In Japan, coffee shops called Kissaten.
48. At the most valuable Sumatra coffees are harvested, following the habits of the animal - Luwak, which selects the best coffee beans and eat them. From the excrement left by these animals, selected grains of which make coffee varieties «Kopi Luwak» cost more than $ 300 per kilogram.
49. Arabs began cultivating coffee trees in the 14th century.
50. In the 16th century a Turkish woman could file for divorce if the husband was unable to save the family filled a cup of coffee (local tradition).
51. In the last 300 years 90% of the population of the West went to tea on the coffee.
52. In 1763, Venice had more than 200 coffee shops.
53. In 1790, the US opened the first producer of coffee and placed the first advertisement in a newspaper advertised the drink.
54. Irish Cream and Hazelnut (Irish cream, Hazelnut) - the most popular flavors of coffee.
55. The Italians do not drink espresso during meals. To do this, they have a special time, not related to food intake.
56. In Italy, more than 200 000 coffee shops.
57. Jamaica Blue Mountain is one of the best brands of coffee in the world.
58. Large doses of coffee lethal. If you will drink 100 cups of 4 hours, you are likely to die.
59. Insurance company Lloyd's of London began as a coffee house.
60. Milk in coffee began to be added to in 1680, when some French doctor advised this combination for therapeutic purposes.
61. On 1 October - official Coffee Day in Japan.
62. In Tokyo alone has more than 10,000 coffee shops, plus thousands of coffee machines.
63. In Brazil, more than 5 million people are employed in coffee production.
64. refried coffee beans very well lit.
65. Raw coffee beans are soaked in water, are a delicacy in many parts of Africa.
66. According to some studies, coffee helps to relieve the symptoms of asthma.
67. The highest level of coffee consumption per capita has Scandinavia - almost 14 kilos of coffee a year. Average Italian potreblinet "only" 5 kg.
68. Special studies have shown that the stimulating effect on the person providing only the first 2-4 cups of coffee. Subsequent "dose" just quickly eliminated from the body.
69. Approximately 8,000 Arabica beans is required to prepare a kilogram of coffee. All these grains are collected manually.
70. Arabica - is the name of a wild forest in Ethiopia, where coffee growing variety of the same name. This plantation is still grows, tree height averages 5-7 meters.
71. The aroma and taste of coffee give the so-called coffee oils, which, despite its name, have the ability to dissolve in water.
72. The coffee filter was invented in 1908 in Germany when Melitta Bentz coffee cup covered with blotting paper to filter out sediment.
73. The first commercial espresso machine was made in Italy in 1906.
74. The French philosopher Voltaire drank 50 cups of coffee a day.
75. The most popular legend about the origin of coffee says that in the 8th century AD Ethiopian shepherd discovered a strange grain, after which the sheep are eating behaved cheerfully and longer awake. Naturally, after they tried people :)
76. The name Cappuccino comes from the Capuchin Order in the 16th century.
77. The average chocolate bar to 30 mg of caffeine in a cup - 100-150 mg.


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