Heat pumps: usage statistics in Europe and the world

The use of heat pumps is becoming increasingly important not only because of the increased cost of energy, but as the climate changes. Today, this method of heating and cooling buildings in the summer, consider even as one of methods of struggle against global climate change on our planet.

Heat pumps are energy-efficient structures, which in the process use renewable energy of the earth's natural resources – the warmth of the soil, water and air. Depending on the type of heat pump varies and the method of installation. For example, for pump type "Air-water" will not require the drilling of wells and excavation work.

Of the country where the installation of heat pumps has acquired a global character, can already boast of improving the environmental situation. Take Sweden, which in this way significantly reduced the environmental pollution – there are emissions of combustion products into the atmosphere decreased almost on 400 thousand tons per year.

 The EUROPEAN EXPERIENCE of USING HEAT PUMPSEuropean practice installation and usage of heat pumps ahead of other countries in the world. But since it is not cheap, many countries address this issue through the introduction of appropriate state programs. In some countries, utilization of heat pump installations are very impressive. As examples we consider a few countries which for many years successfully used in everyday life heat pumps.


 

The EXPERIENCE of SWEDENIn the first place by the introduction of heat pumps in daily life is Sweden. There is for energy efficiency and ecology is given special attention. Then it is more than half the homes in the country heated using heat pumps. And it's such a great energy savings.

The first city that was transferred to the heat pumps, was the Stockholm. Almost all of the Swedish capital city is heated by marine heat pumps. An invaluable source of thermal energy is the Baltic sea. Settlements located on the coast, use this advantage. In other regions found wide use air units. Became very popular and the combination of Underfloor heating system with heat pump. Due to this energy is supplied by a heat pump is used with maximum efficiency.

The government of Sweden a long time thinking about how to make energy efficiency does not undermine the state budget and did not hit the pockets of residents. Therefore, the time for installation of the heat pumps has provided a state grant. This helped in the short term to significantly reduce heating costs.

Today Swedes can share their experiences with other powers, because they are increasingly abandoning traditional types of heating.

 

The GERMAN EXPERIENCEGermany can be called the most advanced country in the use of heat pumps.

To support the population in the transition to a more convenient and efficient heating, the government provides financial assistance to those who want to install a heat pump.

After experiencing the economic crisis, the development of the industry quickly came to the fore. Consumers quickly realized all of the benefits of using this economical and efficient heating equipment. Special demand in Germany are the pumps "Air-water".

Today many German families moved to this alternate heating and absolutely do not regret it. Because the cost of its installation pays off fairly quickly and a significant help to bring the state subsidies. And because heat pumps have become affordable for most households in Germany.

The Germans noted the use of this heating: automation is working properly, the atmosphere is not contaminated, heat in the house. For electricity to pay quite a bit, not to mention the fact that the heat for the house they are getting is actually free.






The EXPERIENCE of the United StatesFor the promotion of heat pumps and to reduce used energy, the US government has gone a slightly different way. There, a law was passed that requires real estate developers to install this heating equipment in all new erected buildings.

During the year the United States produced more than one million heat pumps. Therefore, the market there is also very developed.

In addition, the Americans widely used the sun's energy for heating, heating water for domestic use and for swimming pools. The combination of solar collectors with a heat pump increases the efficiency of the heating system at times.

The use of solar collectors is very effective. They catch the sun's rays all year round and even in cloudy weather. The use of solar collectors for a heat pump ensures the required 25% of electricity that is needed for 100% performance.

In practice, the two systems, heat pump and collectors, provides incomparable benefits. After all, consumers absolutely no shortage of electricity and heat. Besides the cost of the heat they are absolutely not responsible.

 

The EXPERIENCE of JAPAN, the Japanese are innovators in many areas, including in the use of heat pumps. They appreciate not only the practicality and adaptability of this equipment and its high energy efficiency and the resulting comfort. The ability to use hot water at any time of the day for them is an important condition for a comfortable life.

Water in Japan is usually warm at night when the electricity tariff is cheaper than daytime. In addition, the grid is not overloaded, and it is very important for security purposes. And when you consider that the Japanese – known lovers of hot baths and a day one person can spend up to 420 liters of water, the need for cheap energy becomes apparent and understandable.

For a start, the government initiated a program to study the effects of application of heat pumps. There was not a single negative effects on the environment and on human safety. This was the reason for the mass adoption of heat pumps in the heating system. And today, Japan can serve as a bright example for other countries.

To ensure maximum efficiency in this area of business and government working together. In the mid 80-ies of the last century there was created the Foundation "Heat pumps", which showed the effectiveness of their work.

The disaster at Fukushima further impetus to the development of programs that reduce dependence on nuclear energy and gas, as well as programs that allow you to implement energy-saving technologies.

Today in Japan the most popular are the pumps "Air-water". This has led to the climatic conditions in this region. And the government is implementing programs that allow to receive subsidies with the installation of heat pumps.

As you can see, in advanced economies with a mind suited to developing new programmes for the implementation of green technologies, as well as various energy projects. This prospect has the potential for creating future smart homes, which will provide people with virtually free heat and electricity. published

 

 

Source: aclima.ua/ru/article/teplovye-nasosy-statistika-ispolzovaniya-v-evrope-i-mire.html

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