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Medicinal herb used today by many and the interest in phytotherapy is growing. But unfortunately, opportunities to collect medicinal raw materials from the citizen not so much. It is not surprising that vacationers are increasingly seeking to grow the necessary plants on the plot: it is beautiful and useful.
The tradition of creating Apothecary gardens has a long history, but we will not at this time delve into it, and talk about purely practical matters: how to equip the garden with medicinal plants and herbs at his dacha, where it is better to place that put on them, and as for all those to care.
A place for the Apothecary garden at the cottage As a rule, this hobby starts with one or two small gradacac or flower beds. It is best to take them a separate area, possibly closer to the kitchen – not by chance an Apothecary garden is also called kitchen or aromatic garden. Conveniently, when all you need is at hand at the right time, and is not necessary for two to three sprigs of herbs will need to travel around the area.
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Land for planting is better to prepare for the winter. It is necessary to dig, choosing the roots of the weeds; you can just split the beds. Carefully preparing the ground for a long-term culture — this will allow in future to save power when leaving, to avoid a tedious struggle with the weeds.
Winter is the time to pick up the seeds to decide which seedlings you want to purchase, mark up the plan plant location. Carefully study the properties of the selected crops, agronomic practices, planting dates and plan crops.
Most herbs prefers sun light, but some grow well in partial shade, such as lemon balm, various mints, parsley, Catnip, bee balm, lovage. If you want to put on the site wild medicinal plants such as St. John's wort, yarrow, chamomile, and others – create conditions close to natural.
If the soil at the site is clayey, dense, it is necessary to loosen, adding sand, and forming raised beds. Especially demanding mechanical composition of the soil herbs, which have useful properties, rhizomes – for example, Valerian.
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Be sure to take into account the needs selected for planting. Match each place depending on his usual living environment and care needs. Drought-resistant plants should not be planted next to water-loving, such as meadowsweet, for example.
Will certainly need to consider the origin of the plants. So popular among gardeners Mediterranean herbs — rosemary, lavender and others are quite demanding to heat. Often they are not able to survive the harsh winters and freeze even with good shelter. Such crops are best grown in containers and in the winter to remove in a cool, but not freezing room.
How to make herb garden Design, fragrant garden depends on its allocated area and your imagination. If there isn't a break decorative flower bed by dividing it into sectors. Put in the center of the tall grass, for example, lovage, wormwood, elecampane. The chosen plants will place on sectors, picking up a harmonious combination.
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Classic style Apothecary garden – small segments of geometric shapes, separated by narrow intersecting lanes. You can alternate planting of grasses with areas sown to lawn grass.
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If the place for the kitchen garden you have decided, and your beds (or beds) are intended to be stationary, don't forget to pick up for them is worthy of framing: a goodcurb not only give a neat appearance to the plantings, but also decorate them.
Be sure to use plantings flowering plant – monarda, calendula, Valerian, yarrow and others. The basis of the Apothecary garden, usually make perennials. You can plant sage, thyme, lemon balm, oregano, chives, St. John's wort.
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On the terrace you can create a kitchen garden in containers. In pots is convenient to grow heat-loving species and medicinal herbs that freeze outdoors in winter with the onset of cold weather they are entered from the street into a cool room.
Plants for Apothecary garden is Hardly in this issue, there are some strict recommendations — plants for planting are selected based on its preferences and compatibility of crops and their useful properties.
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Those interested in herbal medicine, creating your own herb garden will allow you to always have at hand high quality raw materials for herbal infusions. Lovers of spices or the fans of herbal teas, most likely, will prefer the fragrant plants. But something you should consider regardless of their tastes.
For first experiments it is better to choose undemanding, easy to grow crops — this will help to avoid failures. Look, for example, typical of many suburban areas dill and coriander, calendula and Daisy, mint and Catnip, monarda and oregano. And don't forget the weed — most of them they are extremely picky.
Apothecary garden is traditionally a combination of use and beauty, so pay attention to flowering plants, culture with a bold texture or coloring of the foliage. Decoration for your kitchen garden can be, for example, flax seed, saxifrage, thyme, lavender.
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The length of the growing season
You can combine in your Apothecary garden perennial and annual crops, but it is important to think in advance of a scheme of planting that the composition remains attractive all season. So, chives becomes untidy after flowering and pruning; nasturtium will bloom until mid-summer, coriander forms the stems a month after germination, and all summer have to regularly sow.
Features procurement of raw materials
Finally, it is worth to think in advance about how you will procure medicinal raw materials or seasonings for the kitchen. If, for example, you need to rhizomes (Rhodiola rosea or horseradish rural), it is not necessary to plant such crops near perennials that are valuable for its flowers or leaves.
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Care Apothecary garden, In General it will not be different from the traditional and usual care for flower beds or garden beds. Weeding and loosening the soil, watering and feeding, removal of fading flowers (if the plant is grown not for seed production) — all the methods and techniques you probably already know.
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Don't forget that many herbs are grown seedling method; their seeds (and seeds of vegetables or flowers) seedlings sown in early spring. Perennials are often propagated vegetatively: by division, cuttings, layering and so on.published