Nissan has unveiled in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), allegedly the world's first car with a powertrain based on fuel cell type SOFC (Solid Oxide Fuel Cell).
Fuel cells SOFC for power generation using the reaction of various fuels, including ethanol and natural gas, with oxygen. It is alleged that these generators have a very high efficiency.
In the prototype of Nissan elements e-Bio Fuel-Cell to generate electricity in the SOFC generator of ethanol, filled into the fuel tank. In particular, fuel with reformer hydrogen which should react with atmospheric oxygen provides the electrochemical reaction. In result produces electricity.
A prototype based on the Nissan e-NV200 is equipped with a battery capacity of 24 kWh and a fuel tank capacity of 30 liters. It is alleged that the reserve is 600 km or more.
Bioethanol as fuel is produced, including sugar cane and grain crops, is widely distributed in North and South America, and Asia. System e-Bio Fuel-Cell running on ethanol offers a more environmentally friendly transport, but it also opens new perspectives on regional power generation, including integration into the existing infrastructure. Among the advantages include rapid refueling and high energy capacity capable of supporting even such energy-intensive areas as refrigerated transport.