Professor of the Center for the Study of Marine Policy at the University of Delaware in 2009, said: "Pollution emitted during operation of ships, affect the health of residents of settlements in the coastal and inland areas around the world, with pollution from ships are the least regulated part of the global transport system. "
His words confirmed the report Guardian, according to which one of the largest container allocates emissions as much as fifty million cars. A number of nitrogen oxide and sulfur oxide from fifteen large ships - as much from the seven hundred sixty million vehicles, which that year were counted worldwide.
Since then, six years have passed. What has changed?
The world's largest container carrier CMA CGM Christophe Colomb i>
Ship engines with a capacity of 109,000 horsepower continuously operate twenty-four hours a day, and two hundred and eighty days of the year. In fact, this is one of the most energy-efficient systems in the world, пишет Jeremy Korzeniowski. The problem is heating, in which they work, and the lack of attention to the controls on emissions from ships. The sulfur content of the fuel used by vessels in two thousand times higher than for diesel vehicles in the United States and Europe.
In 2009, the authorities of some countries have begun to introduce requirements. For example, the United States banned such ships approaching the coast of the country on the two hundred and thirty miles to the introduction of such requirements prepared Kingdom. These decisions resulted in the study including experts from Florida, according to which pollution from ninety thousand cargo ships each year result to sixty thousand human deaths and costs three hundred and thirty billion health care system - the money to treat diseases of the lungs and heart. The buffer zone of two hundred miles should save more than eight million lives a year.
Paint this picture has added a study of the Danish Government. According to the Ministry of Environment in 2009, emissions from ships in the Danish health care cost five billion pounds annually. Earlier, the ministry estimates that each year from these emissions is dying a thousand Danes.
During the year the car that drives 15,000 kilometers and emits 101 grams of sulfur dioxide. Diesels are the largest vessels within 280 days of the year produced 5200 tons of sulfur oxides. That is one container can "replace" 51 million cars with a combustion engine.
The data above relate to 2009. In 2012, the European Union came Directive 2012/33 / EU , limiting the sulfur content of fuel oil 0 1%. Exceed this figure can be used only if the vessel is equipped with an appropriate cleaning system emissions. This restriction applies to vessels in the Baltic Sea, North Sea Coast. Outside these zones limit the sulfur content - 3, 5%, but it declined after January 1, 2020 to 0, 5%.
It remains to wait for a study that will show the results of reducing the emissions of ships, reducing the burden on the health system. And it is not offset by the effect of whether the spread of the number of vehicles with internal combustion engines, the number of which in 2011 overstepped billion.