Robert Boyle was a physicist, chemist and theologian. At 22, he became a professor. He opened the Boyle's law. In this post we will talk about him as a man who 350 years ago, wrote a "wish list" of 24 items, many of which have come true. We are talking about a "second youth", organ transplantation, telemedicine, The Art of Flight and transmutation vegetables.
In the post, I made out the first six points "wish list" of Boyle and described how they were put into practice.
The content of the list of desires in the original 1662 1) The Prolongation of Life
2) The Recovery of Youth, or at least some of the Marks of It, as New Teeth, New Hair Colour'd as in Youth
3) The Art of Flying
4) The Art of Continuing Long under water and the Exercise of Functioning Freely There
5) The Cure of Wounds at a Distance
6) The Cure of Diseases at a Distance or at least by Transplantation
7) The Attaining Gigantick Dimensions
8) The Emulating of Fish without Engines by Custome and Education only
9) The Acceleration of the Production of Things out of Seed
10) The Transmutation of Metalls
11) The Making of Glass Malleable
12) The Transmutation of Species in Mineralls, Animals and Vegetables
13) The Liquid Alkaest and Other dissolving Menstruums
14) The making of Parabolicall and Hyperbolicall Glasses
15) The Making Armor Light and Extremely Hard
16) The Practicable and Certain Way of Finding Longitudes
17) The Use of Pendulums at Sea and in Journeys, and the Application of it to Watches
18) Potent Druggs to alter or Exalt Imagination, Waking, Memory, and other functions, and appease pain, procure innocent sleep, harmless dreams, etc
19) A Ship to Sail with All Winds and a Ship Not to be Sunk
20) Freedom from necessity for much sleeping exemplify'd by the Operations of Tea and What Happens in Mad-Men
21) Pleasing Dreams and Physicall Exercises by the Egyptian Electuary and by the Fungus mentioned by the French author
22) Great Strength and Agility of Body Exemplify'd by That of Frantick Epileptick and Hystericall Persons
23) Varnishes Perfumable by Rubbing
24) A Perpetuall Light
1) Life Extension h4> Robert Boyle was born in 1627 and died in 1691 - he lived in '64. At the moment, it is one year less than the average life expectancy for men in Russia, but in the 17th century it was a tremendous time. Then the Englishman could hope to be able to hold out until 37-38 years. Development of medicine has led to the fact that by 1900 the term of life in Europe increased to 46 years, fifty years - up to 67 consecutive years. Currently in the UK on average live 80, 3 years - so it can be considered a desire come true, although largely due to a decrease in mortality .
And, of course, because of the opportunities for the return of youth, that is a dream come second list item.
2) A return to youth, or at least a partial human rejuvenation, new teeth, hair color as a young man h4> Once health really can not be bought. Because then the doctors had only plantain. And now humanity has come very close to creating cyborg . Yes, and transplantation has advanced greatly.
Hair color - boring and teeth - interesting. Boyle little did not live to ratsveta "Surgical Dentistry" Pierre Foshara - the father of modern dentistry (although artificial teeth for more than a thousand years somehow killed people in the jaw).
Teeth while no cured, because a great achievement Foshara were fillings to treat tooth decay. Now the technology at our disposal, which in the 17th century and could not think, different materials and 3D-printer, allows you to make a tooth of any size and shape.
Tools Foshara. Still afraid of dentist? I> Now after dentistry looks quite different .
Youth can not only recover, but also to keep. Vitamin complexes, proper nutrition, fashion playing sports , gadgets that monitor health and even помогающие brush your teeth - that's what makes this dream come true.
And helps organ transplantation, including artificial. In 1969 made the first artificial heart transplant patients. It has worked 64 hours, after which it was replaced with a homograft. Then it seemed like a miracle, but today the two-stage heart transplantation - a common occurrence.
The photograph - "Hertz-02", artificial heart developed in 1976 in the Soviet Union. Not enough money, unfortunately, is to continue to work with him, so that the living human patient of his and is not built.
AbioCor - has a number of shortcomings, but it is completely artificial heart, the battery is recharged through the skin without wires, punctures and other troubles. Development of 2006, already tested on humans. Term life with him - up to 17 months.
3) The Art of Flight h4> If Boyle did not mean levitation, then it is his wish has come true. Moreover, over time people learned to levitate and even send into space a heavy object (a miracle, not bumping his stronghold of heaven!), Began to jump from heights unimaginable with a bag with a folded cloth in it, gave webbed suit and hung on the head helmet with GoPro.
and learn how to pour it on Youtube ... i>
The world's first passenger plane - "Ilya Muromets", 1913. I>
The fastest passenger plane - Tu-144, 2013. I>
There is not much time before Solar Impulse 2 will depart from Abu Dhabi in order to travel around the world using only solar energy.
But on the flying cars Boyle did not think for obvious reasons. As a result, and it was a miracle.
4) Art remain long under water and there is normal function h4> This picture was made a year before the death of Robert Boyle. And besides him then were dreamers believe that a person can be sent into the water.
The diving suit with a hand pump for air supply in 1900. I>
Another dreamer was Jules Verne who described in his novel "Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea" was invented in 1866 by Benoit Rukeyrolem device for breathing under water. Rukeyrol - mining engineer, and his work was intended for use in mines. The idea repeatedly developed, and in 1943 Captain Jacques-Yves Cousteau and Emile Gagnan in German-occupied France created the first safe and effective apparatus for underwater breathing.
Viewed as a child Cousteau films about the underwater world? I>
A submarine is widely used in military applications (to surf the oceans and to expel the Americans, for example), for research and even just so that tourists could take a look at the fish.
5) Treatment of wounds at a distance h4> Obviously there is not a spell meant. So what? Perhaps it was a question about any device capable to heal wounds. But maybe he meant the possibility of testing and operations at a distance, that is telemedicine ? Smart toilet Toto and Daiwa House - home complex, allowing to collect information on body weight, blood sugar levels, monitor the blood pressure and do a urine test.
6) Treatment of diseases at a distance or through transplantation h4> Now there is a separate market - mHealth, or Mobile Health. It includes a variety of devices to maintain a healthy life, to send data on the state of the patient's doctor and so-forth. Opportunities to earn money in this market is large, including through Crowdfunding - enough to draw a beautiful bracelet and ask for his completion of 50 thousand dollars. And if the device is in the end the market will fall - maximum program executed.
If the advice of doctors and their learning is possible even via Skype, for example, directly into the booths installed in pharmacies, then surgery is much more complicated.
In the world in 2010 was built in 1000 robotic surgeons Da Vinci. In Russia, found 20 of them. Doctor working remotely, he sees the 3D image of the patient and with the joystick controls the robotic arms. This very topic many times used in the stories, and also Isaac Asimov, and in 1980 was created the first Da Vinci. New technologies can help improve it continuously to its present state.
And what about the transplant? Kidney, liver, heart, skin ... Transplant organs can be different. Even his hair - remember advertisements about "from here to there, hence here?"
This painting is called "Saints Cosmas and Damian are transplanted from a deceased patient leg Moor" artist Jaume Huguet, 1459-1460 years. I>
To be continued ...