His name got the virus from the name of the place where it was first discovered. Ebola River is located very close to the point at which was the first case of this disease with fever, namely - from Yambuku that in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
2. Where did you get the virus?
At the moment, it is located in Central and West Africa. That there is the natural habitat of the animals that spread it. So far, the fever is in the area, but there are fears that it may spread further. Two Americans are sick, when caring for patients in Liberia, and they were brought to a hospital in Atlanta, USA. However, now they are on the mend.
3. A vaccine.
Currently in clinical trials of a vaccine against Ebola. "Since this is an emergency, we need to get the vaccine as soon as possible ... in 2015," - said the head of the department of immunology and vaccination by the World Health Organisation. British pharmaceutical company will begin testing next month.
4. It all started with the animals.
Of course, you can not be 100% sure, but there is evidence that in Africa, the epidemic has spread from animals, in particular, from fruit bats. People ate their flesh and deep fried badly infected with the virus. Ebola - is not the only disease that can be picked up if there is raw flesh of animals, but perhaps the most terrible disease. Roasted meat thoroughly. A better move on to vegetables.
5. The first outbreak.
The first outbreak occurred in 1975 in Zaire (now - the Democratic Republic of Congo). Reported 318 cases of the disease in humans, and 280 of them were fatal, ie mortality was 88%. The disease moved to Sudan in the same year, infecting 284 people and killing 151 (53%).
6. A very high mortality rate.
One of the main things you need to know is that Ebola is incredibly high mortality rate - from 50 to 90%. Given the dangers of the disease, the recovery of those who survived, is very fast. The sooner doctors detect the virus, the greater the patient's chances of recovery.
7. The infectious stage of the disease.
People are contagious, ie they can transmit the virus to others if it is found in their blood and other secretions. Normally, when the symptoms have passed, leaves and virus. But men can carry the virus in the semen within 60 days after the disease.
The current outbreak of the Ebola virus - the largest in history. The number of cases and deaths is still rising, and the weakening of the epidemic and do not smell. On 6 August 2014 were registered 1779 cases of the virus, 961 people died.
9. Signs and symptoms.
The disease is carried by the Ebola virus, is characterized by muscle and headaches, sore throat and fever. In general, the onset of the disease is very similar to the common cold or flu. Then begins nausea, diarrhea, liver and kidney damage, and in some cases internal and external bleeding.
10. The vaccines or drugs for Ebola virus there.
Currently medication ebola virus exists as a vaccine that protects against it. Some countries have tried to create a cure or a vaccine, but it is likely to take months, if not years. Until now the world is simply not interested in the disease because He did not hit too many people and was always on his "territory." Perhaps this is why a vaccine or medicine no one did.