14 puzzles and inventions that left behind a great Leonardo da Vinci
The prototype machine gun
Leonardo actively advertised its military-technical ideas. One of them reveals the essence of a machine gun. He could not quickly produce a bullet from one barrel. But could issue volleys at short intervals, and if built, would effectively mowed advancing infantry.
It is assumed that the idea of creating a vehicle Leonardo was born back in 1478. But only in 1752, self-taught Russian mechanic, farmer Leonti Shamshurenkov could collect "samobegluyu stroller" driven by the strength of two people.
The first ever bike
The first technical drawings bicycle owned by Leonardo da Vinci. Mayningenskaya chronicle of 1447 tells the story of a moving device, driven by a driver.
The idea, as many believe, was born back in the time of the Roman Empire, but historians say that it was in da Vinci's notebooks were first sketches of the bearing.
In his writings Leonardo described the exact dimensions of the device for safe descent from a great height. Swiss Olivier Teppo decided to check it out and actually jumped from a height of 650 meters with a parachute. According to the test, the jump was safe, but a parachute hardly manage.
Diving and skiing
Leonardo loved water: He developed a guide to diving, invented and described breathing apparatus for scuba diving.
Such is the bowl on wheels with guns and turrets is the progenitor of modern tanks. It was equipped with a system of gears that were sequence. Eight people have been protected from the outer shell of the battle, so they could deliver on foot of this "hedgehog" right in the thick of the battle without being wounded.
Leonardo invented a lot of little things that were very helpful. Then he does the same applied in their mechanisms. Ratchet - a locking device that prevents the shaft to rotate in the opposite direction.
A device for winding the coil
At the time of Leonardo simplified the lives of many tailors.
It is believed that in 1495 Leonardo da Vinci first formulated the idea of "mechanical man", in other words - the robot. As conceived by the master, the device must have be a mannequin dressed in a suit of armor and can play several human movements.
Mona Lisa and her author
On solving the mystery of Mona Lisa's smile researchers struggling for many years. Almost every year there is a scientist, said: "Secrets Revealed!" Some believe that the difference in the perception of facial expressions Mona Lisa depends on personal mental qualities of each. To some it seems sad, someone thoughtful, someone crafty, someone even angry. And some believe that Mona Lisa does not even smiling!
Leonardo da Vinci could write with both hands, and "mirror" - that is, from right to left, but sometimes, for example, correspondence with officials, he used the usual style of writing. Most interestingly, the inventor of the specially made mistakes in the drawings, in order to prevent, saying today's language, industrial espionage. That's why many of the mysteries of genius to mankind remain unsolved.
An interesting fact is that da Vinci is considered the inventor of the cartoon figure - because he often portrayed mutilated human bodies. In January 2005, researchers discovered a secret laboratory Leonardo. There were found intact frescoes master, as well as room for dissection of corpses (Leonardo and his disciples opened hundreds dead, studying anatomy).
"The Last Supper»
Creating a fresco "The Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci for a long time looking for the perfect model. Jesus must embody good, and Judas, who decided to put him on this meal - Evil.
Leonardo many times interrupted work, going in search of the sitters. One day, while listening to a choir, he saw in one of the young singers of the perfect image of Christ and inviting him to his studio, he made a few sketches. Three years have passed. "Last Supper" was almost complete, but Leonardo did not find a suitable sitter for Judah. The cardinal, who was responsible for painting the cathedral, hurried artist. And after a long search, the artist saw wallowing in the gutter man - a young but prematurely senile and drunken. Artist ordered his aides to deliver it directly to the cathedral. People do not really understand what was happening and where it's located, and Leonardo are imprinted on the canvas face of a man steeped in sin. When he finished work, a beggar who had already slightly recovered, went to the canvas and cried:
- I've seen that picture before!
- When? - Surprised da Vinci.
- Three years ago, even before I lost everything. At that time, when I sang in the choir, and my life was full of dreams, some artist wrote to me of Christ.