January 16, 1963 the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev informed the world community that in the USSR there is a new weapon of terrible destructive force - the hydrogen bomb. Today review of the most destructive weapons.
16 photos + text + video
Hydrogen "Tsar Bomb»
The most powerful in the history of humanity the hydrogen bomb was detonated in the Novaya Zemlya about 1, 5 years before the official statement about the presence of Khrushchev's USSR 100-megaton hydrogen bomb. The main purpose of the tests - a demonstration of military might of the Soviet Union. While fusion bomb created in the United States, was nearly 4 times weaker.
"Tsar-bomb" exploded at a height of 4200 meters above sea level by 188 seconds after discharge from the bomber. Mushroom cloud explosion rose to a height of 67 km, and the radius of the fireball break was 4, 6 km. The shock wave from the explosion three times circled the globe, and the ionization of the atmosphere created during the 40-minute radio interference in a radius of hundreds of kilometers. The temperature at the surface of the earth under the epicenter of the explosion was so high that the stones were turned into ashes. It is worth noting that the "Tsar-bomb", or as it is called, "gruel" was quite clear - 97% of the power came from nuclear fusion, which practically does not create radioactive contamination.
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The atomic bomb
July 16, 1945 in the United States in the desert under the Alamogordo tested the first nuclear explosive device - a single-stage bomb «Gadget» on the basis of plutonium
The blast over Hiroshima. Photos of the Memorial Museum of the world (Japan, Hiroshima)
The ruins of Hiroshima after the atomic bomb. September 1945
In August 1945, the Americans have demonstrated the power of new weapons all over the world: American bombers dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The Soviet Union officially announced the availability of the atomic bomb March 8, 1950, thus putting an end to the US monopoly on the world's most destructive weapons.
The first case in the history of the use of chemical weapons in the war can be considered April 22, 1915, the year when the Belgian town of Ypres, Germany chlorine applied against Russian soldiers. From a huge cloud of chlorine discharged from the cylinders mounted on the forefront of the German position, heavy poisoning received 15 thousand. People, of which 5 thousand. Killed.
The use of chemical weapons in Vietnam.
During World War II, Japan many times to use chemical weapons in the conflict with China. During the bombing of the Chinese city Votsyuy Japanese chemical munitions dumped in 1000, and later - in 2500 more bombs under Dinsyanom. Chemical weapons were used by the Japanese to end the war. Total of toxic chemicals killed 50 thousand. Man among both military and civilian.
The next step in the use of chemical weapons did the Americans. During the Vietnam War, they are very active use of toxic substances, leaving the civilian population is no chance of rescue. Since 1963, Vietnam was sprayed over 72 million. Liters of defoliants. They were used for the destruction of forests, which hide the Vietnamese guerrillas, and the bombing of settlements. Dioxin, which is present in all mixtures, are deposited in the body and cause liver disease, blood deformities in newborns. According to statistics, from chemical attacks affected about 4, 8 million people, most of them after the war.
Victims of chemical weapons in Vietnam.
In 2010, the Americans announced that conducted successful tests of laser weapons. According to reports that appeared in the media, not far from the coast of California beam laser gun capacity of 32 megawatts were shot down four unmanned aerial vehicles. Planes were shot from a distance of more than three kilometers. Earlier, the Americans reported that successfully tested a laser-based air, destroying in the boost phase trajectory of a ballistic missile
A deadly beam of laser weapons.
The Agency for the US Missile Defense notes that laser weapons will be very popular because it can be used to strike on several targets at the speed of light at a distance of several hundred kilometers.