Warm tube-Dendy gave me the new year, when I was eight years old. Half the night her father tried prisobachit to the TV, and he did it! And then to visit me came the younger brother with a sports bag, which drove Sony PlayStation and several CDs to her ...
The topic of today's post - the history of video game consoles in the advertisement. I also added movies - often used in advertising gameplay that will help you understand the whole atmosphere of consoles. I had to split the post into two parts, because under the cut - about 70 images and videos. i>
For zatravochka - advertising tennis for Sega Mega Drive. i>
The first generation h4>
Magnavox Odyssey h5>
Ralph Baer, Bill Harrison and Bill Rusch created a prototype consoles «Brown Box». He had two controllers, gaming gun and sixteen switches. Baer in 1969 was able to negotiate with the Magnavox on production, and in 1972 went on sale Magnavox Odyssey. Cartridges are a set of jumpers, including one of the games already existing in the console.
It sold about 330 thousand copies cost console near a hundred dollars.
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Atari Pong h5>
Another bright first-generation consoles - Atari Pong. It was built in the chip carrier. Sold 150,000 such prefixes.
Magnavox Odyssey h5>
In 1975, a new version of Magnavox Odyssey - this time a carrier for the games become embedded chip, and no cartridges for their shift is not necessary.
Magnavox Company at the time belonged to a year as Philips. Interestingly, Magnavox (established in 1917) manufactures electronics for the security of weapons - such as VHF radio AN / ARC-164 sonobuoys, a series of electronic weapons systems and improve the Field Artillery Tactical Data System.
Coleco in 1976 released the first modification of its consoles Telstar. It was a clone of Pong. It was created 15 versions of the fact that the console is quickly gaining popularity. Game stored on the built-in chip, and the cartridges.
It sold a million pieces. Price - fifty dollars.
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Nintendo Color TV Game h5>
Nintendo Color TV Game appeared on the market in 1977 - a game console to the TV with 6 kinds of light tennis. By means of a disc on the housing consoles. More information about the work of Nintendo - fasting history of Nintendo, led by Hiroshi Yamauchi .
It has sold more than three million consoles. Price - ¥ 8 300 - ¥ 48, 000.
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This advertisement is also a racing simulator, game consoles, TV Game Racing 112.
The second generation h4>
In the above Magnavox Odyssey game is at the very top box, and the cartridge is a set of jumpers, including one of those games. The second generation of game consoles is characterized in that the number of games has not been limited to the built-in console - users get an extensive library of games on cartridges.
Fairchild VES h5>
Fairchild Semiconductors was one of the key companies in Silicon Valley in the 1960s. And it is in the company's microprocessor-based Fairchild F8 was built game console Fairchild VES, the first console on cartridges containing game. Robert Noyce, who developed the microprocessor, and later left the company and founded Intel.
Prefix went on sale in 1976 at a price of US $ 169.95.
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Atari 2600 h5>
By Christmas 1977 commercially available Atari 2600. It has become one of the most popular consoles in the 70-80-ies of XX century: sold more than forty million pieces! Value for fun - consoles and single cartridge - $ 199.
Here a selection of the best TV commercials Atari 2600. By the way, in the first - a young Jack Black. I was surprised to find him there.
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This movie starred Pele himself.
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This video is intended for the Spanish market. The sound is dangerous to your brain.
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This is the first wireless joystick for Atari. Correct, if they are not fit to 2600, and were made later.
Magnavox Odyssey 2 h5>
In 1978 the company Magnavox, to keep up with the market, manufactures Odyssey 2. The uniqueness of consoles was that she had a full alphanumeric keypad - it could learn and program.
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In addition, for the Odyssey 2 was produced speech synthesis module as an additional module for voice / music / sound effects.
In 1979, the arena goes from the company Intellivision Mattel. The company planned to beat the Atari VCS using advanced graphics and quite good for the time of games, and more keyboard - as is the case with the Odyssey 2, she had to turn the toy into a personal computer. However, normal keyboard and not released - they were broken. But in 1982 released Intellivoice - module gave vocal support some games that was unique at the time.
Now, you tell the difference between the Intellivision and Atari. With his eyes closed. I>
Atari 5200 h5>
Model 5200 was designed to replace the post of one of the most popular consoles of its predecessor, Atari 2600. In addition, it had to compete with the Intellivision. However, the console was not very successful - she was uncomfortable due to errors in the design.
Please note - six seconds in the video appears Jim Carrey, then still not very well known.
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Vectrex console did not need to be connected to the TV - it has had its own vector graphics monitor. In and uniqueness - either before or after the Vectrex consoles, none did not use this configuration. The monitor superimposed semi-transparent film for each game - their own to reduce glare and give the illusion of color. Console cost $ 199 and was sold from 1982 to 1984.
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Arcadia 2001 h5>
8-bit console Arcadia 2001 was born mёrtvorozhdennoy. Graphic features were similar to Intellivision and Odyssey², but at the same time on the market has already reached more advanced Atari 5200 and ColecoVision.
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In ColecoVision graphics and gameplay were at the slot machines. In addition, it allows you to use the games from other consoles, including the Atari 2600. From 1982 to 1985, was released about 170 games for the console. In cartridges, certainly.
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Sega Game 1000 h5>
In 1981 in Japan begin trial sales of the first video game console from the company Sega - SEGA Game 1000. Keep a selection of clips in the traditional Japanese style of hell.
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Bally Astrocade h5>
Astrocade also has a cartridge with the programming language BASIC, and the module ZGRASS turned the console to a computer with a keyboard, a math coprocessor (FPU), 32K of RAM and 32K of ROM. And with sales of consoles have not grown together.
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Third Generation h4>
Famicom / NES h5>
In July 1983, Japan will start selling the Nintendo Entertainment System, eight-game console, the third generation. That's it (or rather, her clone) in Russia will know by the name Super Dendy.
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Russian advertising Dendy:
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Sega Master System h5>
In 1986, Nintendo NES owned 90% of the market consoles and Sega Master System and Atari - the remaining 10%. After the appearance of Master System in four months sold 125,000 consoles in the same period of time Nintendo sold two million. Success did not have consoles.
Atari 7800 h5>
Need more zoita Atari! - Thought to Atari and released the model 7800 in June 1986. The prefix was to replace the failed 5600. It cost cheaper than the previous one - just $ 140, and was fully compatible with the Atari 2600.
The system can be extended to a full-fledged home computer, it was only necessary to purchase a keyboard, which was a port for connecting the floppy disk drive or a printer.
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Amstrad GX4000 h5>
In the early 1990s, a couple of years to sell the GX4000 console-based home computer Amstrad CPC 6128+. She not only had no success - it is the largest in the industry of game consoles failure. Despite the fact that in technical terms the prefix was very advanced (in the palette was 4096 colors, while in NES was only 52 colors, and Sega Mega Drive - 512 colors), it's a little too late - after all this time began the dawn of 16 -bit gaming systems.
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The fourth generation h4>
In 1987 began the dawn of the 16-bit video game systems. First attachment became the fourth generation NEC PC Engine, and the fight for market share between Nintendo and Sega was one of the most important chapters in the history of video games.
NEC PC Engine h5>
The GPU of the console was capable of displaying 482 colors at a time. Games were on the cartridges and CD disks, which can be played with the optional CD-drive.
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Sega Mega Drive h5>
In 1988, the market appears the fourth generation of consoles Sega Mega Drive. The prefix is still sold in the US, Europe and Brazil. And in Russia, I saw her.
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In advertising Mega Drive is sometimes used sexual innuendo.
Super Nintendo Entertainment System h5>
From 1990 to 1999, it has sold 49 million 16-bit Super Nintendo. This console was with my cousins, we especially liked to play Donkey Kong and Mario. On graphics and sound in 1990, this attachment beat all records, and the development of embedded chips in cartridges has allowed it to remain competitive, and after the next generation of consoles.
Consoles cost $ 199.
Advertising in 1991 with Paul Rudd, who in 22 years has not changed.
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Advances in computer graphics make fear hide under the table.
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The game system Neo-Geo is better known as a system for gaming machines, but was also a home version - it began selling in 1990. Success did not have consoles because of the high cost - "silver" version cost $ 399, and "gold" - 649 .
In the next section talk about the PlayStation, DreamCast, Xbox and other consoles.
This is interesting:
history of Nintendo, led by Hiroshi Yamauchi
Motion control gaming
history of personal computers in the advertisement. Part 3: 1990