Koshkofaktov 99 (1)

During the pursuit of prey, the cat holds her head horizontally on the same level, while dogs and people shake their heads up and down.
Every year in Asia eat about a million cats.
The average cat performed in sleep state about 2/3 of the day. This means that the 9-year-old cat is awake only three years during their lifetime.
Unlike dogs, cats are not a sweet tooth. Scientists believe that this is a consequence of mutations in the primary taste buds.
Hairball, scientifically called a bezoar (trichobezoar).
The word "clowder" (Device. Eng. Is a flock of animals) in the modern language used to refer to a flock of cats.
Cats generally right-handed, and the cats are mostly left-hander. An interesting fact - 90% of people are right-handed, and the remaining 10% of left-handers, and they are mostly men.
The cat can not get down from the tree upside down, because all of the claws on its feet in the same direction. So cats come down from the tree backwards.
Cats can play up to 100 different sounds, while dogs only 10.
Brain cats, unlike dogs, more similar to the human brain. Cats and humans have identical areas of the brain responsible for emotions.
In the world there are more than 500 million domestic cats, and 40 recognized breeds.
For the production of fur coats will need about 24 cat skins.
It is believed that the ancient Egyptians were the first domesticated cats, but the oldest pet is a cat, which was found in 9500 - year old grave on the Mediterranean island of Cyprus. This means that the cat domesticated 4,000 years earlier than it did to the Egyptians, who captured this in his art.
During the Spanish Inquisition, Pope Innocent VIII declared cats devil incarnate and thousands of cats were burned. Unfortunately, the mass killing of cats has led to the growth of the rat population, which exacerbated the effects of the plague nicknamed the Black Death.
In the Middle Ages, it was believed that cats are associated with witchcraft, and the Day of St. John, people all over Europe threw them into the fire in bags. People celebrated the holidays by throwing cats with church towers.
In North America, the most popular cat pets: there are about 73 million cats compared to 63 million. Dogs. More than 30% of households in North America have a cat.
The first cat in space was a French cat named Felicette (also known as "Astrokot") In 1963, France launched a rocket into space with a cat. Electrodes implanted in his brain, nerve impulses sent signals back to Earth. He survived the flight.
Group of words in the English language associated with the cat (cat) such as - catt, cath, chat, katze, derived from the Latin catus, that is, domestic cat, unlike feles, meaning wildcat.
The English word puss * is the root word pisica (cat) in the Romanian language and the root of derivative words in the Lithuanian language and the Low German puz puus. Some scholars suggest that the puss to be an imitation of a hissing sound, used to attract the cat's attention. It is also used as a slang word for the female external genitalia, it may be due to the connotation of the word "cat" because the cat itself is perceived as soft, warm and fluffy. (* approx. interpreter - an analogue of the Russian language is the word * Pussy *).
Every year in the US about 40,000 cats bite people.
According to Jewish legend, Noah prayed to God to help protect all of the food in the ark of the rats. In response, God has made, so that the cat came when the lion sneezed.
Cats can hear better than dogs. And the cat can hear the high frequency sounds two octaves higher than humans.
The short distance cat can reach a maximum speed of about 49 km / h.
A cat can jump to a height of up to five times higher than its growth.
Some cats survived a fall from a height of 20 meters, mainly because of their "reflex." The eyes and the organs of equilibrium located in the inner ear cat, cat suggest her place in space, so that the cat can always land on their feet. Even a cat without a tail there is such possibility.
Cats rub against people, not only because they are gentle, but also to mark their territory scent glands which are located around its muzzle. The area of ​​the tail and feet also bear the smell of a cat.
Scholars still debate exactly how a cat purrs. Most veterinarians believe that a cat purrs vibration of the vocal cords are located deep in the throat. To do this, the muscles of the larynx, open and close the air corridor of about 25 times per second.
When in ancient Egypt in the family cat died, the family in mourning shaved eyebrows. They also performed a complicated funeral ceremony, during which they drank wine and beat their breasts. Embalmed cat with a wooden mask and a tiny mummy was placed in the family tomb in the cemetery or for the animals with tiny mummies mice.
In 1888, more than 300,000 mummified cats were found on the Egyptian cemeteries. They were extracted from their packaging and shipped to England and the United States for use by farmers as fertilizer.
Most cats bring offspring from one to nine kittens. The largest known litter ever recorded is 19 cats, of which 15 survived.
Smuggling of cats from ancient Egypt was punished by death. Phoenician traders were the most successful smuggling cats, which they sold to rich people in Athens and other major cities of the time.
The earliest ancestor of modern cats lived around 30 million years ago. Scientists have named it Proailurus, which means in Greek "first cat." Group of animals, which belongs to the cat, appeared about 12 million years ago.
The biggest wild cat is the Siberian tiger. It can reach 3 to 6 m in length (the size of a small car) and weigh up to 317 kg.
The smallest wild cat is black-footed cat. Females may be less than 50 cm in length and can weigh only 1, 2 kg.
Many Egyptians worshiped the goddess Bast, who had a woman's body and a cat's head.
Prophet Muhammad loved cats and know that his beloved cat Mueza (Muezza), was striped. Legend has it that the striped cats have the letter "M" at the top of the head, which means "Muhammad," because Mohammed often stroking cat's head.
Although in many parts of Europe and North America believe that the black cat is a sign of failure in the UK and Australia, the black cats are considered a sign of good luck.
Cats Persian breed the most popular in the world, followed in popularity are Maine raccoon cat and cats of the Siamese breed.
The smallest is a breed of domestic breeds of Singapore, a representative of which weighs only 1, 8 kg, or about five large cans of cat food. The largest domestic cat breed is the Maine raccoon cat that can weigh up to 11 kg 3, and it is almost twice as much as the average cat weighs.
Some Siamese cats have strabismus, because the nerve endings of the left side of the brain are primarily responsible for the right eye, and the nerves from the right side of the brain are primarily responsible for the left eye. It is a double vision that the cat is trying to compensate for squint.
Scientists believe that the word "striped» (tabbed) comes from the word «Attabiyah», which is the name of the district in the Iraqi capital Baghdad. Striped cat (tabbies) got its name from the fact that their band resembles the famous wavy patterns of silk produced in this city.


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