It seems natural to pay for goods and services scraps of paper or pieces of metal, which we call money. And if the currency of another country - say, the Japanese yen and the Uruguayan peso seems exotic, what to say about the methods of payment in question in this article.
It is called "liquid gold»
This is probably the most unusual way of calculation: criminals use Tide detergent instead of money. There are many reasons: the brand known enough, easy to steal items from any retail shop, and it can threaten only relatively lightweight paper for shoplifting.
In Canada, more than half a century, along with the Canadian dollar, there is another form of hard currency, which prints the company Canadian Tire (retail chain that sells a variety of products, from car tires to kitchen utensils).
Bright paper with a picture of Sandy MakTayra par value of five cents to two Canadian dollars began printing in 1958. They acted as discount coupons online shopping Canadian Tire. However, due to the popularity of these stores, began to take notes, and in many other places.
Now they can quite happily pay a little bistro across the country. Speculators buy and sell them, collectors hunt for rare specimens, and counterfeiters are trying to sell fake Tyra.
Economics teacher from Germany came up with an interesting way to explain to his students his subject - in 2003 he presented his own currency, which he called "kimagauer» («Chiemgauer»).
Kimagauer exchanged for euro at the rate of 1: 1, but each quarter with the owner of the money is taxed at a rate of 2% (ie 8% per year) - to pay tax acquired stickers affixed to the bill. Therefore, holders of kimgauerov try as soon as possible to exchange them for goods and services. To save this currency turns unprofitable.
Kimagauery are very popular in the south of Germany, they are found around 600 companies and are taking more than 300 stores. In 2010 kimagauery was exchanged 5, 1 million euros.
Wen - "green" global currency
Veins (Ven) - the first digital currency with a freely fluctuating exchange rate. Participants network Hub Culture use it to purchase physical goods and services. This is the only means of payment, which take in the pavilions Hub Culture, located in many cities around the world. Without going into the intricacies of economic, say only that the course of Vienna is tied to a basket of currencies and weighted average prices for coal, so it is much more stable than any single currency.
This is one of the first brands Franca WIR, 1936
Franks WIR (in German "we") - one of the oldest and most successful alternative currencies. Their story began in 1934 in response to the Great Depression. 16 entrepreneurs - clients of the bank WIR gathered and created their own payment system for mutual settlements for goods and services among themselves.
WIR Bank provided loans to its clients in their own francs bail material possessions so that they can pay these Franks with other clients of the bank WIR. Now Franks WIR uses more than 60 000 companies to small and medium-sized businesses.
Experiment "Bitkoinovy marriage»
Today there are a number of alternative digital currencies, but still remains the largest Bitcoin.
What is e-currency? In fact, the international payment system, independent from any state bank, company or any other entity. In an ideal world, such a system of payment would be the most convenient and cheap. But in reality, with the purchase, sale and use of Bitcoins until there are big problems.
The couple from the US state of Utah Austin and Becky Bingham decided to conduct an experiment and the first 90 days of life together to live without using any money, except for Bitcoins. At the moment, the experiment continues, and young people take it on a documentary. However, it is now clear that there is a place where they take quite a difficult task Bitcoins.
L $ - real currency of the virtual world
This currency is called «Linden Dollars» (abbreviated as L $). It operates in the virtual community, known as the «Second Life». Here, users can create a character (a virtual version of themselves), interact with other characters and can conduct business using this same virtual currency L $.
Earned L $ can be converted into real dollars - their rate fluctuates, but currently 250 virtual dollars can be exchanged for a real one. That is, you can get rich just by playing a computer game that many do.
The most famous resident of Second Life has become Anshi National Park Chang (in the real world - a German teacher of Chinese descent Eileen Gref). She - the first ever to make real, the real one million dollars in the virtual world.
Anshi National Park made his fortune by selling virtual real estate. In the early days of Second Life, it has invested in this strange company of 9, $ 95, began to acquire virtual sites "build" on their houses and gardens to break, and then exhibited "real estate" for sale. Today Gref profit from the game is 150 thousand dollars a year.
Prisons for teens UK as an alternative currency used fresh fruit. Older criminals all sorts of offerings are made in the form of bananas, apples and other fruits that a large deficit in prisons.
To remedy the situation, and to destroy the underground market, non-governmental organization "Howard League for Penal Reform" offered to flood his "scarce commodity" - simply put, to give young prisoners more fruit.