The birth of Jesus is saying a lot in the Gospel of Matthew and Luke.
But not all have seen these places, and certainly does not happen.
Let us arrange a tour of one of the oldest churches in the world.
Basilica of the Nativity - one of the oldest churches in the world. The building was built over the cave where, according to legend, was born Jesus of Nazareth, but because this place is considered sacred to Christians.
The structure is actually a combination of two churches, and the place itself is located at the bottom of the birth of Jesus - in the cave of the Nativity.
The birth of Jesus is told in the Gospel of Matthew and Luke. Matthew says that Mary and Joseph were from Bethlehem, and then moved to Nazareth because Herod to kill all the babies. And Luke indicates that Mary and Joseph were from Nazareth, and Jesus was born in Bethlehem, while they were in town for a special occasion. Theologians consider these two stories as conflicting, but Matthew is considered more reliable source. However, in both versions, Jesus was born in Bethlehem and raised in Nazareth.
Star of Bethlehem and the altar
In Roman Catholics have a unique Altar in Awe "manger of Jesus." Catholics also set under the altar of the Nativity silver star. To the enjoyment of the nave have the right to both Catholic and Armenians.
1. The area of the Nativity; 2. Gates of humility; 3. Nave; 4. The High Altar and Greek Orthodox Basilica (iconostasis); 5. Stairs to the cave; 6. Cave Nativity; 7. Franciscan monastery; 8. Franciscan yard; 9. Cave of St. Jerome; 10. Church of St. Catherine; 11. The Greek Orthodox monastery; 12. Greek Orthodox yard; 13. Armenian yard; 14. Armenian monastery.
Aerial view of the Basilica of the Nativity in Bethlehem.
Basilica of the Nativity - the oldest still-functioning church in the Holy Land, where, according to legend, Jesus Christ was born. Its construction began in 326 BC The current church was built during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian. In 529, the basilica was severely damaged during the rebellion of the Samaritans. Patriarch of Jerusalem, sent to the aid of St. Sava Justinian, and the architect, sent by the emperor, demolished the church and built the one that stands to this day.
Today, the church is under the control of three Christian denominations - the Armenian Church, the Roman Catholic Church and the Greek Orthodox Church.
Black and white photo of an old church.
Powerful external walls of the church, similar to the walls of the fortress, talk about it long and complicated history. For centuries, the church was one of those places for which were constantly at war. It won and defended a variety of military, including Muslims and Crusaders. The facade of the Basilica of the Nativity of Christ surrounded by high walls three monasteries: the Franciscan from the north-east side, Greek Orthodox and Armenian Orthodox from the southeast.